Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758) valid
Formica caespitum Linnaeus, 1758: 581 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic.
Secondary type information: Wagner et al., 2017: 114: Type locality. Floghult Bohuslan (Sweden), 58.97° N, 11.42° E, 100 m a.s.l., leg. C.A. Collingwood, 21.VI. 2000.
  • [Misspelled as caespitosa by Emery, 1924f: 276 (misspelling incorrectly attributed to Walckenaer, 1802: 166); misspelled as cespitum by Wheeler, 1910a: 567.].
  • Latreille, 1798: 50 (q.m.); Mayr, 1855: 428 (q.m.); Wheeler, 1909g: 182 (l.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1954d: 445 (l.); Hauschteck, 1961: 221 (k.); Imai, 1966b: 119 (k.).
  • Combination Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279.
  • Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1809: 131; Latreille, 1818b: 149; Losana, 1834: 327.
  • Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1855: 426.
  • Status as species: Linnaeus, 1761: 427; Scopoli, 1763: 313; Linnaeus, 1767: 963; Fabricius, 1775: 393; Fabricius, 1782: 491; Fabricius, 1787: 309; Gmelin, 1790: 2800; Christ, 1791: 503; Olivier, 1792: 496; Fabricius, 1793: 358; Latreille, 1798: 50; Latreille, 1802a: 251; Walckenaer, 1802: 166; Fabricius, 1804: 406; Jurine, 1807: 279; Latreille, 1809: 131; Lamarck, 1817: 98; Latreille, 1818b: 149; Billberg, 1820: 104; Stephens, 1829b: 356; Losana, 1834: 327; Zetterstedt, 1838: 450; Schilling, 1839: 56; Smith, 1851: 4; Curtis, 1854: 215; Mayr, 1855: 426 (redescription); Smith, 1855b: 122; Nylander, 1856b: 86; Gredler, 1858: 23; Smith, 1858b: 279; Smith, 1858a: 117; Mayr, 1861: 61 (in key); Meinert, 1861: 330; Mayr, 1862: 740; Roger, 1863b: 26; Mayr, 1863a: 456; Mayr, 1865: 89; Emery, 1869b: 16; Mayr, 1870b: 973; Smith, 1871c: 3; Dours, 1873: 168; Forel, 1874: 72 (in key); André, 1874b: 191 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 15; Emery, 1878a: x (in list); Emery, 1878: 51; Emery & Forel, 1879: 457; Emery, 1880: 392; Mayr, 1880: 35; Saunders, 1880: 218; Emery, 1881b: 529; André, 1881c: 70; André, 1883a: 285 (in key); Emery, 1884: 380; White, 1884: 263; Mayr, 1886d: 453; Forel, 1886e: clxviii; Cresson, 1887: 261; Forel, 1889: 258; Nasonov, 1889: 29; Saunders, 1890: 204; Emery, 1891c: 2; Forel, 1892j: 315; Lameere, 1892: 67; Dalla Torre, 1893: 131; Emery, 1893e: 84; Medina, 1893: 105; Forel, 1894d: 17; Emery, 1895d: 324; Forel, 1895e: 227; Ruzsky, 1896: 72; Saunders, 1896: 33; Forel, 1900h: 268; Ruzsky, 1902a: 234; Ruzsky, 1902d: 32; Ruzsky, 1903b: 309; Forel, 1904c: 371; Ruzsky, 1905b: 519; Wheeler, 1905j: 386; Wheeler, 1906j: 350; Forel, 1906c: 189; Wasmann, 1906: 119; Forel, 1907h: 15; Forel, 1909c: 103; Emery, 1909f: 697; Wheeler, 1909g: 182; Bondroit, 1910: 498; Karavaiev, 1910: 269; Karavaiev, 1911a: 50; Santschi, 1910e: 650; Yano, 1910a: 420; Wheeler, 1910a: 567; Karavaiev, 1911b: 8; Karavaiev, 1912b: 583; Krausse, 1912c: 164; Stitz, 1914: 75; Emery, 1914c: 158; Forel, 1915d: 14 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 170; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Wheeler & Mann, 1916: 171; Wheeler, 1916r: 589; Escherich, 1917: 327; Bondroit, 1918: 107; Nadig, 1918: 339; Santschi, 1919e: 241; Santschi, 1921a: 111; Menozzi, 1921: 30; Finzi, 1922a: 120; Wheeler, 1922: 894; Menozzi, 1922c: 330; Soudek, 1922b: 56; Kulmatycki, 1922: 76; Santschi, 1922e: 253; Finzi, 1923a: 4; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b: 253; Müller, 1923b: 101; Finzi, 1924a: 14; Emery, 1924b: 12; Emery, 1924f: 276; Lomnicki, 1925b: 2; Emery, 1925a: 177; Ruzsky, 1925a: 288; Ruzsky, 1925b: 45; Schkaff, 1925b: 275; Betrem, 1926: 218; Donisthorpe, 1926a: 8; Essig, 1926: 862; Wheeler, 1926a: 4; Karavaiev, 1926c: 167; Santschi, 1926f: 287; Stärcke, 1926a: 88 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927a: 293; Karavaiev, 1927d: 270 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e: 335; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 190; Wheeler, 1927g: 111; Kutter, 1927a: 100; Lomnicki, 1928: 4; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b: 28; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a: 29; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 43; Karavaiev, 1930b: 147; Karavaiev, 1931a: 315; Karavaiev, 1931c: 107; Soudek, 1931: 10; Gösswald, 1932: 81; Arnol'di, 1933a: 597 (in key); Santschi, 1933a: 21; Menozzi, 1933b: 75 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 155 (redescription); Goetsch & Menozzi, 1935: 97; Grandi, 1935: 101; Karavaiev, 1935b: 108; Röszler, 1935: 72; Zimmermann, 1935: 37; Röszler, 1936b: 57; Ruzsky, 1936: 93; Wheeler, 1936g: 12; Teranishi, 1940: 18; Wesson & Wesson, 1940: 98; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 87 (in key); Röszler, 1942a: 50; Smith, 1943b: 2 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a: 170; Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl et al., 1944: 67; Ruzsky, 1946: 70; Van Boven, 1947b: 174 (in key); Forsslund, 1947: 68; Arnol'di, 1948a: 211 (in list); Röszler, 1950: 223; Röszler, 1951: 88; Creighton, 1950a: 291; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1062; Smith, 1951c: 823; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 42; Ceballos, 1956: 307; Bernard, 1956b: 259; Brown, 1957d: 1; Smith, 1958c: 134; Bernard, 1959a: 349; Carter, 1962a: 7 (in list); Dlussky, 1962: 178; Kempf, 1962b: 23; Yasumatsu, 1962: 96; Baroni Urbani, 1964a: 6; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 53; Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 158; Bernard, 1967a: 232 (redescription); Pisarski, 1967a: 402; Smith, 1967a: 360; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b: 70; Yarrow, 1967: 28; Baroni Urbani, 1968e: 464; Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 74; Pisarski, 1970a: 318; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970: 86; Kempf, 1970b: 25; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 135; Collingwood, 1971: 162; Banert & Pisarski, 1972: 352; Kempf, 1972b: 249; Baroni Urbani, 1974a: 235; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 4 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 25; Tarbinsky, 1976: 106 (redescription); Collingwood, 1976a: 304; Aktaç, 1977: 122; Azuma, 1977a: 116; Van Boven, 1977: 92; Kutter, 1977c: 157; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 544 (in key); Collingwood, 1978: 86 (in key); Smith, 1979: 1400; Collingwood, 1979: 84; Bolton, 1979: 171; Onoyama, 1980a: 197; Collingwood, 1981: 27; Dlussky, 1981b: 17; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 434; Allred, 1982: 507; Cammaerts et al., 1985: 109; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 56; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 277 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 58; Kugler, 1988: 257; Wang et al., 1988: 267; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 143; Dlussky et al., 1990: 200; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 151; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c: 420; Brandão, 1991: 381; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 31; López, 1991a: 31; López, 1991b: 73 (redescription); Ogata, 1991b: 102; Radchenko, 1992a: 45 (in key); Radchenko, 1992b: 50; Wang, 1992: 680; Wu & Wang, 1992c: 1309; Morisita et al., 1992: 35; López et al., 1992: 169; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Arakelian, 1994: 62; Radchenko, 1994b: 110 (in key); Wheeler et al., 1994: 304; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Douwes, 1995: 91; Mei, 1995: 765; Poldi et al., 1995: 5; Tang et al., 1995: 80; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 82; Espadaler, 1997g: 31; Radchenko et al., 1998: 108; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 17 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 215; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002: 9; Chang & He, 2001b: 2; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Czechowski et al., 2002: 64; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 242; Markó & Csősz, 2002: 113; Zhang & Zheng, 2002: 219; Karaman & Karaman, 2003: 44; Csősz & Markó, 2004: 51; Coovert, 2005: 84; Karaman & Karaman, 2005: 56; MacGown & Forster, 2005: 70; Ward, 2005: 37; Bračko, 2006: 142; Petrov, 2006: 70, 100 (in key); Steiner et al., 2006: 179 (in table); Zhou, 2006: 583; Seifert, 2007: 248; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 141; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 232; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 143; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 497; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010: 27; Boer, 2010: 67; Csősz et al., 2011: 57; Karaman, 2011b: 54; Legakis, 2011: 20; Bharti & Kumar, 2012b: 31 (in key); Borowiec & Salata, 2012: 547; Czechowski et al., 2012: 175; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 56; Ellison et al., 2012: 332; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 26; Borowiec, 2014: 195 (see note in bibliography); Tohmé & Tohmé, 2014: 136; Lebas et al., 2016: 384; Radchenko, 2016: 244; Wagner et al., 2017: 114 (redescription); Wagner et al., 2018: 4 (in list); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 50; Seifert, 2018: 227.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium fusca: Dalla Torre, 1893: 132; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 170; Emery, 1924f: 276; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 2; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium fuscula: Smith, 1851: 118; Schenck, 1852: 86; Curtis, 1854: 215; Mayr, 1855: 427; Smith, 1855b: 123; Nylander, 1856b: 87; Smith, 1858a: 117; Roger, 1863b: 26; Mayr, 1863a: 456; Mayr, 1865: 89; Smith, 1871c: 3; Dours, 1873: 168; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Forel, 1874: 100 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 458; Dalla Torre, 1893: 132; Ruzsky, 1905b: 519; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 170; Forel, 1915d: 14; Emery, 1924f: 276; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 190; Karavaiev, 1934: 156; Pisarski, 1975: 25; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 2; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2007: 31; Radchenko, 2016: 244; Wagner et al., 2017: 114.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium caespitum hammi: Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 2; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244; Wagner et al., 2017: 114.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium caespitum himalayanum: Radchenko, 1992b: 50; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001a: 2; Zhou, 2001b: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium jiangxiense: Wu & Wang, 1995a: 82; Chang & He, 2001b: 3; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Senior synonym of maculipes: Donisthorpe, 1915f: 171; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 190.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium modesta: Curtis, 1854: 215; Mayr, 1855: 427; Nylander, 1856b: 87; Smith, 1858a: 117; Roger, 1863b: 27; Mayr, 1863a: 456; Mayr, 1865: 89; Smith, 1871c: 3; Dours, 1873: 168; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Forel, 1874: 100 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 458; Dalla Torre, 1893: 132; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 171; Emery, 1924f: 276; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 190; Karavaiev, 1934: 156; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 2; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium semilaeve transbaicalense: Radchenko, 1992b: 50; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 3; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Senior synonym of Tetramorium transversinodis: Brown, 1949a: 47; Creighton, 1950a: 291; Smith, 1951c: 823; Bolton, 1979: 171; Smith, 1979: 1400; Bolton, 1995b: 405; Chang & He, 2001b: 3; Zhou, 2001a: 104; Radchenko, 2016: 244.
  • Material of the unavailable name Tetramorium caespitum hungarica striatis: referred here by Markó & Csösz, 2002: 113.
  • Current subspecies: nominal plus T. c. barabense, T. c. caespitomoravicum, T. c. flavidulum, T. c. japonicum, T. c. pallidum, T. c. typicum.
Junior synonyms
Obsolete combinations
Citations

Extant: 6 valid subspecies

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