Myrmica Latreille, 1804 valid feminine
Myrmica Latreille, 1804: 179 Type-species: Formica rubra (obsolete combination of Myrmica rubra), by subsequent designation of Latreille, 1810: 437.
  • [Note: the identity of Linnaeus’ material is discussed by Yarrow, 1955c: 113.].
  • Myrmica in Myrmicites: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 180.
  • Myrmica in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858a: 114.
  • Myrmica in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b: 324; Cresson, 1887: 260.
  • Myrmica in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855: 396 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1857a: 70 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861: 62 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865: 19 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879: 460 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893: 108.
  • Myrmica in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895b: 125; Emery, 1895l: 769; Forel, 1899e: 63; Ashmead, 1905c: 383; Wheeler, 1910a: 140; Emery, 1914e: 40; Wheeler, 1915i: 59; Forel, 1917: 241; Bondroit, 1918: 96; Emery, 1921c: 36; Wheeler, 1922: 660; all subsequent authors.
Junior synonyms
Genus Myrmica references

Mayr, 1855: 396, 397 (diagnosis, Austria species key); Smith, 1858a: 114 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861: 62 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863b: 28 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a: 429 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 19 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874: 75 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883a: 315 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887: 260 (U.S.A. catalogue); Provancher, 1887: 246 (Canada species key); Nasonov, 1889: 71 (Russia species key); Lameere, 1892: 68 (Belgium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 108 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a: 696 (India species key); Bingham, 1903: 267 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 652 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906: 15 (Luxemburg species key); Emery, 1908a: 165 (Palaearctic species key); Bondroit, 1910: 493 (Belgium species key); Stitz, 1914: 70 (Central Europe species key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 110 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916a: 121 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916r: 581 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Bondroit, 1918: 98 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1921c: 36 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c: 117 (Sifolinia diagnosis, catalogue); Finzi, 1926: 77 (diagnosis, European species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e: 190 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 258 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 118 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1933a: 599 (Russia species key); Arnol'di, 1934: 151 (former European U.S.S.R. species, biometrics); Karavaiev, 1934: 63 (Ukraine species key); Menozzi, 1939a: 293 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939: 74 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b: 75 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941: 75 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942: 367 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943c: 168 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944a: 199 (Norway species key); Buren, 1944a: 281 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Van Boven, 1947b: 175 (Belgium species key); Weber, 1947b: 444 (North America species key); Creighton, 1950a: 92 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951: 124 (Asia checklist); Sadil, 1952: 264 (Czechia & Slovakia species key); Collingwood, 1958d: 65 (Britain species key); Boven, 1959: 7 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963: 290 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 96 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964b: 101 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967a: 107 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a: 156 (Sifolinia diagnosis); Boven, 1970b: 16 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1970b: 1832 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Kutter, 1973d: 253 (morphology, satellite genera, Sifolinia, Sommimyrma, Symbiomyrma, key to first); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1976a: 554 (central Asia & Kazakhstan species key); Tarbinsky, 1976: 20 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Van Boven, 1977: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977c: 43 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978: 78 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979: 41 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979: 1347, 1351 (North America Myrmica, Paramyrmica catalogues); Francoeur, 1981c: 755 (Myrmica lampra group); Allred, 1982: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 294 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g: 22 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Kupyanskaya, 1986a: 83 (Far Eastern Russia Myrmica lobicornis group, key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 62 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 267 (Balkans species key); Seifert, 1988b: 43 (Europe, Asia Minor & Caucasus species key); Bolton, 1988a: 3 (diagnosis, review of genus, venation); Dlussky et al., 1990: 181 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 92 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Morisita et al., 1992: 8 (Japan species key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 80 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994: 20 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 105 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994d: 130 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Douwes, 1995: 86 (Sweden species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 337 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995a: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 277 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 91 (China species key); Seifert, 1996b: 140 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 45 (Britain species key); Radchenko et al., 1997: 481 (Poland species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 12 (Portugal species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 1998: 3 (Myrmica ritae group, key); Elmes & Radchenko, 1998: 218 (Taiwan species key); Wei et al., 2001: 561 (China species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2001b: 262 (Himalaya species key); Czechowski et al., 2002: 141 (Poland species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2003a: 239 (Palaearctic socially parasitic species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002: 133 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Radchenko, 2005b: 192 (North Korea species key); Radchenko et al., 2006: 43 (Vietnam species key); Radchenko et al., 2006: 531 (Palaearctic Myrmica schencki group key); Seifert, 2007: 131 (North and Central Europe species key); Francoeur, 2007: 156 (Myrmica punctiventris group key); Radchenko et al., 2007: 1497 (late Eocene amber species key); Terayama, 2009: 160 (Taiwan species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2009a: 85 (Myrmica pachei group key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 713 (Palaearctic, Oriental, all species revision, keys); Czechowski et al., 2012: 357 (Poland species key); Czekes et al., 2012 (Romania species key); Bharti & Sharma, 2013 (inezae-group species key); Chen et al., 2016 (China species key and checklist, old world Myrmica pachei-group species key); Bharti et al., 2016: 113 (socially-parasitic Himalayan species key); Cantone, 2017: 216 (brief male diagnosis)

Citations

Extant: 188 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 11 valid species

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