Ponera Latreille, 1804 valid feminine
Ponera Latreille, 1804: 179 Type-species: Formica coarctata (obsolete combination of Ponera coarctata), by subsequent designation of Westwood, 1840a: 83.
  • [Note: type-designation is discussed by Taylor, 1967a: 6.].
  • Ponera in Ponérites: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 188.
  • Ponera in Poneridae: Smith, 1858a: 83; Smith, 1871b: 320.
  • Ponera in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1855: 386 [Poneridae]; Smith, 1857a: 65 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1861: 54 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1862: 713 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865: 13 [Poneridae]; Emery & Forel, 1879: 455 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893: 37.
  • Ponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l: 767; Forel, 1899b: 15; Ashmead, 1905c: 382; Wheeler, 1910a: 135; Emery, 1911e: 88 [subtribe Ponerini]; Wheeler, 1915i: 38; Arnold, 1915: 77; Forel, 1917: 238; Wheeler, 1922: 650; all subsequent authors.
Junior synonyms
Genus Ponera references

[References before Taylor, 1967a refer to both Ponera and Hypoponera.]

Mayr, 1855: 386 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858a: 83 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1862: 721 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b: 16 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a: 447 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 13 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a: 85 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874: 64 (Switzerland species key); Mayr, 1879: 661 (all species key); Emery, 1882a: 239 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893: 37 (catalogue); Emery, 1895n: 60 (Mediterranean species key); Emery, 1896g: 53 (New World species key); Emery, 1900b: 316 (Australia, Papuasia & Oceania species key); Forel, 1900f: 322 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903: 89 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1909d: 367 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1911e: 88 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 76 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916a: 107 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918: 81 (France & Belgium species key); Gallardo, 1918c: 73 (Argentina species key); Mann, 1921: 419 (Fiji species key); Wheeler, 1922: 780, 1009 (Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1931b: 266 (Costa Rica species key); Wheeler, 1933g: 13 (Pseudocryptopone species key); Smith, 1936d: 420 (North America species key); Stitz, 1939: 58 (Germany species key); Creighton, 1950a: 47 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951: 68, 73, 74 (Asia Ponera, Pseudocryptopone, Selenopone checklists); Bernard, 1953b: 197 (West Africa species key); Wilson, 1957b: 359, 376 (Ponera tenuis, Ponera selenophora groups revisions, keys); Wilson, 1958g: 323, 343 (Melanesia & Moluccas species, Fiji species revisions, keys); Brown, 1958h: 22 (New Zealand species); Taylor, 1960: 180 (Ponera leae complex, key); Taylor, 1964: 139 (*fossil species, review); Taylor, 1967a: 18 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Bernard, 1967a: 83 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Smith, 1979: 1341 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 38 (Australia catalogue); Ogata, 1987a: 120 (diagnosis, Japan); Taylor, 1987a: 63 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand, checklist); Morisita et al., 1989: 22 (Japan species key); Perrault, 1993: 337 (addition to Taylor, 1967a key); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 360 (catalogue); Terayama, 1996b: 14 (Japan species key); Kim et al., 1998: 149 (Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999: 199 (Australia synopsis); Xu, 2001a: 52 and Xu, 2001c: 218 (China species keys); Zhou, 2001a: 37 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003: 170 (synopsis); Yoshimura et al., 2009: 200 (Japan species key); Terayama, 2009: 109 (Taiwan species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012: 162 (Fiji species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 200 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Bharti & Rilta, 2015a: 9 (India species key); Cantone, 2017: 271 (brief male diagnosis); {ref: 143356} 20 (worker key to East Asian species)

Citations

Extant: 60 valid species

Fossil: 5 valid species

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