Messor barbarus (Linnaeus, 1767) valid
Formica barbara Linnaeus, 1767: 962 (w.) MOROCCO. Palearctic.
  • [Note: Fabricius, 1775: 393, merely says, “Habitat in Africa”.].
  • Mayr, 1861: 67 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953b: 65 (l.).
  • Combination in Myrmica: Lucas, 1849: 300.
  • Combination in Atta: Smith, 1858a: 162; Roger, 1859: 253.
  • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29.
  • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Messor): Forel, 1890b: lxviii; Emery, 1891c: 9; Ruzsky, 1905b: 741.
  • Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1895b: 178; Emery, 1898c: 125.
  • Combination in Messor: Forel, 1894d: 8; Ruzsky, 1903b: 315; Bingham, 1903: 278; Emery, 1908f: 442.
  • Status as species: Fabricius, 1775: 393; Fabricius, 1782: 491; Fabricius, 1787: 308; Gmelin, 1790: 2797; Christ, 1791: 514; Olivier, 1792: 495; Fabricius, 1793: 356; Latreille, 1802a: 262; Fabricius, 1804: 403; Lucas, 1849: 300; Smith, 1858a: 162; Roger, 1859: 253; Mayr, 1861: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a: 35; Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863a: 395; Emery, 1869b: 17; Dours, 1873: 167; André, 1874: 195 (in key); Radoszkowsky, 1876: 141; Mayr, 1877a: 13; Emery, 1877: 373; Emery, 1878a: x (in list); Emery, 1878: 56; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Mayr, 1880: 33; Emery, 1880: 392; Emery, 1881a: 270; Emery, 1881b: 534; André, 1881c: 74; Emery, 1882b: 451; Costa, 1883: 60; André, 1883b: 354 (in key); André, 1884f: 541; Emery, 1884: 382; Forel, 1886e: clxviii; Forel, 1889: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 37; Forel, 1890b: lxviii; Saunders, 1890: 204; Emery, 1891c: 9; Forel, 1892e: 352; Forel, 1892j: 316; Emery, 1892: 112; Dalla Torre, 1893: 99; Medina, 1893: 105; Forel, 1894d: 31; Forel, 1895e: 227, 233; Ruzsky, 1896: 74; Emery, 1899a: 500; Forel, 1902a: 148; Ruzsky, 1902d: 28; Mayr, 1904b: 5; Forel, 1904c: 373; Forel, 1904d: 5; Forel, 1905e: 176; Ruzsky, 1905b: 741; Mayr, 1907b: 14; Forel, 1907h: 15; Emery, 1908f: 442; Forel, 1909c: 104; Bondroit, 1910: 495; Karavaiev, 1911a: 62; Karavaiev, 1911b: 3; Karavaiev, 1912a: 5; Emery, 1912f: 97; Emery, 1916a: 141; Stitz, 1917: 342; Bondroit, 1918: 152; Santschi, 1919e: 244; Arnold, 1920a: 405; Emery, 1921c: 69; Menozzi, 1922c: 326; Müller, 1923b: 63; Emery, 1924c: 164; Santschi, 1925g: 341; Wheeler, 1926a: 3; Donisthorpe, 1926a: 6; Karavaiev, 1926b: 99; Karavaiev, 1927a: 287; Menozzi, 1927b: 90; Menozzi, 1928a: 127; Santschi, 1929e: 141; Finzi, 1929: 78; Finzi, 1930b: 15; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Santschi, 1932e: 69; Santschi, 1932h: 3; Grandi, 1935: 100; Santschi, 1936c: 200; Finzi, 1939c: 154; Santschi, 1939c: 2; Menozzi, 1940a: 267; Finzi, 1940: 158; Weber, 1943d: 303; Bernard, 1945b: 132; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1059; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 136; Ceballos, 1956: 300; Bernard, 1959a: 346; Cagniant, 1964: 87; Bernard, 1967a: 146 (redescription); Cagniant, 1968a: 143; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 62; Cagniant, 1970a: 416; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 57; Baroni Urbani, 1976b: 210; Collingwood, 1978: 81 (in key); Bernard, 1980b: 266; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 271 (in key); De Haro & Collingwood, 1994: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Mei, 1995: 761; Poldi et al., 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997g: 30; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424; Tiwari, 1999: 38; Markó & Csősz, 2002: 116; Cagniant, 2006: 197; Petrov, 2006: 93 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 488; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010: 14; Borowiec, 2014: 102 (see note in bibliography); Lebas et al., 2016: 290; Barech et al., 2020: 18.
  • Senior synonym of Messor barbarus ambiguus: Collingwood, 1978: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor binodis: Smith, 1858a: 162; Mayr, 1861: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a: 35; Mayr, 1863a: 395; Roger, 1863b: 29; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893: 99; Ruzsky, 1905b: 741; Emery, 1921c: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor juvenilis: Smith, 1858a: 162; Mayr, 1861: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a: 35; Mayr, 1863a: 395; Roger, 1863b: 29; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893: 99; Emery, 1921c: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor megacephalus (Leach, 1825): Roger, 1859: 253; Mayr, 1863a: 395; Roger, 1863b: 29; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893: 99; Emery, 1921c: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor barbarus nigriceps Santschi, 1925: Collingwood, 1978: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor rufitarsis (Foerster, 1850): Mayr, 1861: 66 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863a: 395; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893: 99; Emery, 1921c: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
  • Senior synonym of Messor sordidus: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 488.
Junior synonyms
Obsolete combinations
Current subspecies (nominal plus)
Citations

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

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