SolenopsisWestwood, 1840validmasculine

Extant: 196 valid species (66 synonyms, 5 homonyms, 2 unavailable), 23 valid subspecies (80 synonyms, 1 homonym, 10 unavailable)

Fossil: 8 valid species (2 synonyms, 1 homonym)

Solenopsis Westwood, 1840bWestwood, J. O. 1840b. Observations on the genus Typhlopone, with descriptions of several exotic species of ants. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 6:81-89. [1840-10]External_link: 86 . Type-species: Solenopsis mandibularis (junior synonym of Atta geminata), by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
Solenopsis in Poneridae, Attidae: Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 177. Solenopsis in Attidae: Smith, 1860aSmith, F. 1860a. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace at Celebes. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 5(17b)(suppl. to vol. 4):57-93. [1860-07-18]External_link: 74; Smith, 1861bSmith, F. 1861b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Ceram, Celebes, Ternate, and Gilolo. [part]. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 6:36-48. [1861-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 48. Solenopsis in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871bSmith, F. 1871b. A catalogue of the aculeate Hymenoptera and Ichneumonidae of India and the Eastern Archipelago. [concl.]. Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 11:349-415. [1871-12-20] PDFExternal_link: 333; Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 262. Solenopsis in Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Solenopsis in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 24 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 464 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 75. Solenopsis in Myrmicinae, Solenopsis genus group: Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 81; Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 271. Solenopsis in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini: Forel, 1893bForel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 37:161-167. [1893-04-01>] PDFExternal_link: 164; Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 130; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 770; Forel, 1899BForel, A. 1899B. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:1-169.External_link: 79; Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 140; Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 41; Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 242; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 243; Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 195; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 663; Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 232; Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1384; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 80; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 16; Jaffe, 1993Jaffe, K. 1993. El mundo de las hormigas. Baruta, Venezuela: Equinoccio (Ediciones de la Universidad Simón Bolívar), 188 pp. [1993-07]External_link: 10; Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106.
Genus Solenopsis references
Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 177 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 32 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 453 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 24 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDFExternal_link: 109 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870bMayr, G. 1870b. Neue Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20:939-996. [1870] PDFExternal_link: 996 (all species key); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04]External_link: 387 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 262 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 75 (catalogue); Emery, 1896gEmery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 28:33-107. [1896-10-31] PDFExternal_link: 82 (New World species key); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 689 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 158 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1909aEmery, C. 1909a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil VI. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1909:19-37. [1909-01-03] PDFExternal_link: 29 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Italy species key); Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 242 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 195 (diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 163, 877, 1028 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 218 (Oligomyrmex (Octella) diagnosis, catalogue); Creighton, 1930bCreighton, W. S. 1930b. The New World species of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenop. Formicidae). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 66:39-151. [1930-12] PDFExternal_link: 42 (subgenera key); Creighton, 1930bCreighton, W. S. 1930b. The New World species of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenop. Formicidae). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 66:39-151. [1930-12] PDFExternal_link: 45 (Solenopsis (Solenopsis) species key); Creighton, 1930bCreighton, W. S. 1930b. The New World species of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenop. Formicidae). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 66:39-151. [1930-12] PDFExternal_link: 106 (Solenopsis (Euophthalma) species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDFExternal_link}: 361 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Bernard, 1950aBernard, F. 1950a ("1946"). Notes sur les fourmis de France. II. Peuplement des montagnes méridionales. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 115:1-36. [1950-03] PDFExternal_link: 5 (France species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 228 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 167 (Asia checklist); Wilson, 1952bWilson, E. O. 1952b. O complexo Solenopsis saevissima na America do Sul (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 50:49-59. [1952-03] PDFExternal_link: 50 (South America Solenopsis saevissima complex, key); Kusnezov, 1953dKusnezov, N. 1953d. El género Synsolenopsis Forel (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana 13:341-348. [1953-12] PDFExternal_link: 347 (Synsolenopsis species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 370 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Snelling, 1963Snelling, R. R. 1963. The United States species of fire ants of the genus Solenopsis, subgenus Solenopsis Westwood, with synonymy of Solenopsis aurea Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). California Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Entomology. Occasional Papers 3:1-15. [1963-01-14] PDFExternal_link: 1 (U.S.A.Solenopsis geminata group species); Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 134 (diagnosis, review of genus, checklist); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 170 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kusnezov, 1969Kusnezov, N. 1969. Nuevas especies de hormigas. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 24:33-38. [1969-07] PDFExternal_link: 37 (Bisolenopsis species key); Buren, 1972Buren, W. F. 1972. Revisionary studies on the taxonomy of the imported fire ants. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 7:1-26. [1972-01] PDFExternal_link: 1 (Solenopsis geminata group, partial revision); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 232 (Neotropical catalogue); Snelling & Hunt, 1975Snelling, R. R.; Hunt, J. H. 1975. The ants of Chile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Chilena de Entomología 9:63-129. [1976-05] PDFExternal_link: 81 (Chile species key); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977]External_link: 99 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 539 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 82 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Bernard, 1978aBernard, F. 1978a ("1977"). Révision des Diplorhoptrum de France, fourmis plus différenciées par l'écologie que par leurs formes (Hym. Formicidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)13:543-577. [1978-02-28]External_link: 573 (France species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1385 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982Allred, D. M. 1982. Ants of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 42:415-511. [1982-12-31]External_link: 443 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985]External_link: 302 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 87 (Australia catalogue); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986gWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986g. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDFExternal_link: 50 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 72 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 273 (Balkans species key); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 285 (synonymy notes); Thompson & Johnson, 1989Thompson, C. R.; Johnson, C. 1989. Rediscovered species and revised key to the Florida thief ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Florida Entomologist 72:697-698. [1989-12-22] PDFExternal_link: 697 (U.S.A., Florida species key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 240 (Turkmenistan species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 378 (Neotropical catalogue); Trager, 1991Trager, J. C. 1991. A revision of the fire ants, Solenopsis geminata group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 99:141-198. [1991-05-29] PDFExternal_link: 141 (Solenopsis geminata group revision, key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 41 (Japan species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 48 (Armenia species key); Dlussky & Radchenko, 1994aDlussky, G. M.; Radchenko, A. G. 1994a. Ants of the genus Diplorhoptrum (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the central Palearctic. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 73(2):102-111. [1994-02] PDFExternal_link: 102 (Central Palaearctic species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 386 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 70 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 358 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 18 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 165 (Australia synopsis); Taber, 2000Taber, S. W. 2000. Fire ants. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, xvii + 368 pp.External_link: 234 (U.S.A. Solenopsis geminata group, key); Snelling, 2001Snelling, R. R. 2001. Two new species of thief ants (Solenopsis) from Puerto Rico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 37:511-525. [2000]External_link: 522 (Puerto Rico Solenopsis fugax group, key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 196 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Sharaf, Taylor & Klingenberg, 2009Sharaf, M. R.; Taylor, B.; Klingenberg, C. 2009. Ants of the genus Solenopsis Westwood, 1840 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Egypt with a description of the worker castes of S. cooperi Donisthorpe, 1947. Zootaxa 2004:49-58. [2009-02-05] PDFExternal_link: 51 (Egypt species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 157 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 176 (south-western Australia species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2011Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2011. First occurrence of Solenopsis Westwood 1840 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with description of a new species S. saudiensis n. sp. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.) 47:474-479. PDFExternal_link: 478 (Arabia species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 122 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2012Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2012. Tetramorium amalae Sharaf & Aldawood n. sp. Pp. 2-5 in: Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A.; Taylor, B. 2012. A new ant species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Saudi Arabia, with a revised key to the Arabian species. PLoS ONE 7(2): (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030811):e30811. [2012-02-28] PDFExternal_link}: 17 (Egypt & Saudi Arabia key); Pacheco & Mackay, 2013Pacheco, J. A.; Mackay, W. P. 2013. The systematics and biology of the New World thief ants of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 501 pp. PDFExternal_link : 1 (New World partial revision, key)
Genera
Acalama Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthidris Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthognathus Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acanthomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acidomyrmex Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acrocoelia Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acromyrmex Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Acrostigma Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adelomyrmex Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Adlerzia Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Aeromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afromyrma Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Afroxyidris Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Alistruma Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allomerus Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Allopheidole Geognomicus Pentastruma
Amauromyrmex Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Ancyridris Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Aneleus Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergates Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anergatides Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anillomyrma Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Anisopheidole Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Species
abdita gnoma parabiotica
abjecta gnomula parva
abjectior goeldii patagonica
acuminata gracilior patriciae
acuta granivora pawaensis
africana hammari pekingensis
albidula hayemi pelotana
alecto helena perfida
alena hermione pergandei
altinodis hoffmanni perversa
alvarengai hostilis petropolitana
amazonensis huachucana phoretica
amblychila huasanensis photophila
amia idae picea
amica ignobilis picea
andina iheringi picquarti
angulata ilinei picta
antoniensis impolita picturata
ardua incrassata pieli
arga indagatrix pilosula
atlantis indocilis pilosum
atticola inermiceps platensis
aurata innocens polita
aurea innota pollux
avium insculpta pontica
azteca insinuans postbrunnea
bahiaensis insulare prevalens
bakri interrupta privata
balachowskyi invicta provincialis
banyulensis isopilis pulleni
barbara itinerans punctaticeps
basalis jacoti punctatorugosa
belisarius jalalabadica puncticeps
bicolor japonica pungens
binotata joergenseni pusillignis
blanda johnsoni pygmaea
blumi juba pygmaea
bogatshevi juliae pygmaea
bondari kabylica pylades
borinquenensis karaki pythia
brasiliana kasalinensis quadridentata
brazoensis kibaliensis quinquecuspis
brevicornis knuti raptor
brevipes kochi reducta
bruchi krockowi reichenspergeri
bruchi laboriosa richardi
bruchiella laboriosus richteri
bruesi laeviceps robusta
bucki laevis robustior
caffra laevissima rosella
calida laevithorax rubida
canariensis latastei rufa
capensis latro rugiceps
carettei latroides rugosa
carhuensis leda sabeana
carolinensis lehmannnitschei saevissima
castanea leptanilloides salina
castor lincecumii santschii
catalinae littoralis saudiensis
celata longiceps saxicola
cephalotes longiceps scelesta
clarki longinoi schedingi
cleptis loretana schilleri
cleptomana lotophaga schmalzi
clypeata lou scipio
clytemnestra lucayensis scythica
coloradensis lusitanica sea
condei maboya semilaevis
congolensis macdonaghi seychellensis
conjurata macrops shiptoni
cooperi madara sicula
corticalis major silvestrii
crivellarii major similis
cubaensis maligna solenopsidis
curta mameti soochowensis
cuspisior mandibularis specularis
cyclops maniosa spei
cypridis margotae steigeri
daguerrei maroccana steinheili
dahlii marxi strangulata
dalli masora striata
debilior maxillosa stricta
debilior maxima subadpressa
debilis medeis substituta
decipiens medioclara subterranea
delfinoi medusa subtilis
delta megera succinea
dentata megergates sulfurea
desecheoensis melina sumara
deserticola mellea superba
diabola mendozensis targuia
diversipilosa metanotalis tennesseensis
dolichops metatarsalis tenuis
drewseni micans terniensis
duboscqui minuiscens terricola
dysderces minuta tertialis
edentula minutissima tetracantha
eduardi mobilensis texana
egregia moelleri thoracica
electra moerens tipuna
elhawagryi moesta tisiphone
elmenteitae molesta tonsa
emeryi monticola torresi
emesa morosa transformis
emiliae mozabensis transversalis
enigmatica msilana tricuspis
erythraea nicaeensis tridens
exigua nicai trihasta
exigua nickersoni truncorum
eximia nigella tucumana
extensa nigelloides ugandensis
fairchildi nigra ultrix
fazi nitens urichi
flava nitida valida
flaveolens normandi validiuscula
flavidula novemmaculata videns
foederata oblongiceps vinsoni
foersteri oblongior virgula
franki occipitalis virulens
froggatti ocellata vitiensis
fugax oculata vittata
fur oculata vorax
furtiva oculatior wagneri
fusciventris omana wasmannii
gaetula oraniensis weiseri
galapageia orbula westwoodi
gallardoi orbuloides weyeri
gallica orestes weyrauchi
gayi orientalis whitfordi
geminata overbecki wolfi
gensterblumi pachycera wroughtonii
georgica pacifica xyloni
germaini paleata zambesiae
glaber pallida zeteki
globularia papuana zingibara

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key