MonomoriumMayr, 1855validThis taxon has been changed and is awaiting approval

Extant: 392 valid species (78 synonyms, 13 homonyms, 1 unavailable), 30 valid subspecies (73 synonyms, 3 homonyms, 24 unavailable)

Fossil: 3 valid species (1 homonym)

Monomorium Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 . Type-species: Monomorium monomorium (replacement name for Monomorium minutum, junior secondary homonym in Monomorium), by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
Monomorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Monomorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 71 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 124; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 78; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 139. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomoriini: Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 45; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 80. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomorium genus group: Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 81; in Solenopsis genus group: Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 271. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 41 [subtribe Monomoriini]; Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 242; Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 662; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 16; Jaffe, 1993Jaffe, K. 1993. El mundo de las hormigas. Baruta, Venezuela: Equinoccio (Ediciones de la Universidad Simón Bolívar), 188 pp. [1993-07]External_link: 10; Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106.
Genus Monomorium references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 30, 31 (Phacota, Monomorium catalogues); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 429, 440 (Monomorium, Phacota catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19, 22 (Trichomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota diagnoses); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDFExternal_link: 95 (Monomorium diagnosis); Mayr, 1876Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 12:56-115. [1876] PDFExternal_link: 100 (Australia Monomorium species key); Emery, 1881bEmery, C. 1881b. Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso dei Signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 novembre 1879 al 26 febbraio 1880. I. Formiche. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 16:525-535. [1881-03-09]External_link: 530 (Mediterranean & Red Sea Monomorium species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-01]External_link: 331, 343 (Europe & Algeria Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04]External_link: 397 (Phacota); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 262 (U.S.A. Monomorium catalogue); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 69 (Russia Monomorium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65, 71, 72, 78 (Holcomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota, Trichomyrmex, Lampromyrmex catalogues); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 685, 692 (India & Sri Lanka Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 200, 282 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 633 (Russian Empire Monomorium species key); Emery, 1908jEmery, C. 1908j. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:663-686. [1908-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 664 (Palaearctic Monomorium species key); Emery, 1915gEmery, C. 1915g. Noms de sous-genres et de genres proposés pour la sous-famille des Myrmicinae. Modifications à la classification de ce groupe (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1915:189-192. [1915-07-31] PDFExternal_link: 190 (Monomorium subgenera key); Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203, 204 (Monomorium diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 161 (Italy Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1921cSantschi, F. 1921c. Quelques nouveaux Formicides africains. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 61:113-122. [1921-04-02] PDFExternal_link: 121 (Syllophopsis species key); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 168 (Monomorium (Chelaner) & Monomorium (Notomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 170 (Monomorium (Monomorium) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 174 (Monomorium (Corynomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 175 (Monomorium (Syllophopsis) & Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 179 (Monomorium (Parholcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 181 (Monomorium (Holcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 183 (Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 184 (Epixenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 185 (Trichomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 186 (Wheeleriella diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 187 (Phacota diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 204 (Epoecus diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 161, 675, 862, 1026 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 64 (Israel Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1936aSantschi, F. 1936a. Étude sur les fourmis du genre Monomorium Mayr. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 16:32-64. [1936-03-31] PDFExternal_link: 33 (Mediterranean & Africa Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 289 (U.S.A., Iowa Monomorium species key); Kusnezov, 1949aKusnezov, N. 1949a. El género Monomorium (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) en la Argentina. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 7:423-448. [1949-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 431 (Argentina Monomorium species); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 217 (North America Monomorium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 239 (Epoecus, review of genus); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 162, 169 (Asia Ireneidris, Monomorium, Trichomyrmex, Wheeleriella checklists); Bernard, 1955bBernard, F. 1955b. Morphologie et comportement des fourmis lestobiotiques du genre Epixenus Emery. Insectes Sociaux 2:273-283. [1955-12]External_link: 282 (Epixenus species key); Brown, 1958hBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica 1:1-50. [1958-07-30] PDFExternal_link}: 28 (New Zealand Monomorium species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 367 (U.S.A., Colorado Monomorium species key); Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 82, 93, 100 (Monomorium, Chelaner, Syllophopsis diagnoses, reviews of genera, checklists); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Monomorium diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 143 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Nothidris catalogue); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 14 (Cuba Monomorium species key); Snelling, 1975Snelling, R. R. 1975. Descriptions of new Chilean ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 274:1-19. [1975-12-23] PDFExternal_link: 5 (Nothidris all species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975Snelling, R. R.; Hunt, J. H. 1975. The ants of Chile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Chilena de Entomología 9:63-129. [1976-05] PDFExternal_link: 79 (Nothidris all species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. Monomorium species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 82 (Iberian Peninsula Monomorium species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1381 (North America Monomorium catalogue); Tohmé & Tohmé, 1980aTohmé, H.; Tohmé, G. 1980a ("1979"). Le genre Epixenus Emery (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) et ses principaux représentants au Liban et en Syrie. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section A. Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales (4)1:1087-1108. [1980-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 1087 (Lebanon & Syria Epixenus species key); Collingwood, 1985Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7:230-302. [1985] PDFExternal_link: 267 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 55, 70 (Australia Chelaner, Monomorium catalogues); DuBois, 1986DuBois, M. B. 1986. A revision of the native New World species of the ant genus Monomorium (minimum group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 53:65-119. [1986-03-24] PDFExternal_link: 74 (Nearctic Monomorium species revision, key); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 281 (Phacota diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 283 (Antichthonidris, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 284 (Nothidris review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 287 (Monomorium diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 19, 40 and Taylor, 1987bTaylor, R. W. 1987b. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). First supplement, 10 July, 1987. CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41(Suppl.1):1-5. [1987-07]External_link: 2 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand Monomorium checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 272 (Balkans Monomorium species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 14 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 231 (Turkmenistan Monomorium species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 326, 357 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 361 (Nothidris catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 38 (Japan Monomorium species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 46 (Armenia Monomorium species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048, 1050, 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 67, 258, 292, 316 (Antichthonidris, Monomorium, Nothidris, Phacota catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 88 (China Monomorium species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 337 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Radchenko, 1997GRadchenko, A. G. 1997G. Review of the ants of scabriceps group of the genus Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 46:211-224. [1997] PDFExternal_link: 211 (Monomorium scabriceps group revision, key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 19 (Portugal Monomorium species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 145 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2001Heterick, B. E. 2001. Revision of the Australian ants of the genus Monomorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 15:353-459. [2001-06-19] PDFExternal_link: 367 (Australia Monomorium species revision, key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 112 (China, Guangxi Monomorium species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 127 (U.S.A., New Mexico Monomorium species key); Heterick, 2006Heterick, B. 2006. A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (4)57:69-202. [2006-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 84 (Malagasy Monomorium species revision, key); Fernández, 2007BFernández, F. 2007B. Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:128-145. [2007-09]External_link: 139 (Neotropical Monomorium species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 154 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 158 (south-western Australia species key); Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011Aldawood, S. A.; Sharaf, M. R. 2011. Monomorium dryhimi sp. n., a new ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the M. monomorium group from Saudi Arabia, with a key to the Arabian Monomorium monomorium-group. ZooKeys 106:47-54. [2011-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 52 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium monomorium group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 86 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. First occurrence of the Monomorium hildebrandti-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in the Arabian Peninsula, with description of a new species M. kondratieffi n. sp. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 115:75-84. [2013-01] PDFExternal_link (Afrotropical hildebrandti-group species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. Monomorium sarawatensis Sharaf & Aldawood, sp. n. Pp. 70-73 in: El-Hawagry, M. S.; Khalil, M. W.; Sharaf, M. R.; Fadl, H. H.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. A preliminary study on the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, with descriptions of two new species. ZooKeys 274:1-88. [2013-03-01] PDFExternal_link (Saudi Arabia monomorium-group species key).
Added by Flávia Esteves about 1 year ago
Genera
Acalama Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Acanthidris Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthognathus Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthomyrmex Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acidomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acrocoelia Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acromyrmex Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acrostigma Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Adelomyrmex Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adlerzia Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Aeromyrma Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Afromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afroxyidris Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Alistruma Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Allomerus Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allopheidole Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Amauromyrmex Geognomicus Pentastruma
Ancyridris Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Aneleus Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergates Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergatides Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anillomyrma Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anisopheidole Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Ankylomyrma Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Species
abeillei fieldi noxitum
aberrans fingo nuptualis
abyssinicum firmum nyasae
acutinode fisheri obscuratum
adiastolon flavescens obscurella
adoneum flavimembra obscuriceps
adulatrix flavipes obscuripes
advena flavonigrum occidaneum
aequatoriale flavum occidentale
aequum floreanum ocellatum
aeyade floricola ominosa
affabile forcipatum opacior
africanum foreli opacior
afrum fossulatum opacum
aharonii fragilis ophthalmicum
aithoderum fraterculus orangiae
ajjer fridae orientale
ajjer froggatti oscaris
alamarum fugelanum osiridis
albipes fultor pacis
albopilosum fulvum pallidipes
algiricum fur pallidum
altinode furina papuasiae
altinode furunculum parantarcticum
amblyops gabrielense parvinode
anceps gallagheri paterna
anderseni gilberti paternum
andrei glabrocriniceps paucipilosa
andrei glabrum peninsulatum
angusticlava glyciphila pergandei
angustinode gongromos perplexum
annamense gracilicorne personatum
antarcticum gracillima pestiferum
anthracinum gracillimus petiolatum
antiguensis gracilum petulans
antipodum grahamstownense pharaonis
aper grandis philippinensis
apuleii grassei phoenicum
arboreum guillarmodi picea
arenarium guineense piceonigrum
arenarium hainanense pictum
areniphilum hanaqe pieli
armstrongi hanneli pietschmanni
arnoldi hannonis pilipes
arnoldi harithe planidorsum
asiriense havilandi platynode
asmarensis hemame poecilum
atomaria hemiphaeum pretoriensis
atomum hercules procax
atra herero prossae
atrata hesperium pseudoepixenus
aureorugosum heyeri pubescens
australe hildebrandti pulchrum
australicum hirsutum pullula
baal hiten punctifrons
balathir holothir punctipectore
banksi hospitum punctulatum
barbatulum hottentota punicum
barretti howense qarahe
basalis humilior rabirium
baushare ilgii rapaense
bedui ilia rastractum
belli imerinense rastratum
bequaerti impexum ravenshoense
bernardi impressum rhopalocerum
bevisi impuriceps rimae
bicolor indicum riyadhe
bicolor indicus robustior
bicorne inerme robustum
bidentata infuscum rogeri
bidentatum inquietum rosae
bifidoclypeatum inquilinum rothsteini
bifidum insidiosa rotundatum
bihamatum insolescens ruber
bimaculatoides insularis rubra
bimaculatum integrium rubriceps
bimaculatum integrum rufescens
binatu intermedium rufibasis
biroi intrudens rufonigrum
biroi inusuale rufulum
biroianum invidium rugifrons
bodenheimeri italica ruzskyi
boerorum iyenasu sagei
boerorum jacksoni sahlbergi
bogischi javana sakalavum
boltoni jizane salaco
bondroiti jonesi salomonis
borlei jucundum samoanum
brachythrix judaicum sanguinolentum
brasiliense junodi santschianum
braunsi kalahariense santschiellum
brevicorne karawajewi santschii
brocha katir santschii
broomense kelapre sarawatensis
bruneum kempi satoi
brunneolucidulum kiliani scabriceps
buettikeri kineti schultzei
bulawayense kitectum schurri
bulawayensis knappi scipionis
burchera kondratieffi sculpturatum
butteli kugitangi sechellense
buxtoni kugleri senegalense
cabrerae kusnezowi senegalensis
capito lacrymans serenum
captator lacunosum sersalatum
carbo laeve setuliferum
carbonarium laeviceps shattucki
carinatum laevior shilohense
castaneum lameerei sichelii
cekalovici lamingtonensis silaceum
centrale lanzarotense silvestrii
chilense latastei smithii
chinense latinode smutsi
chnodes latinodoides solleri
chobauti latior sommieri
cinctum leae sordidum
cinnabari leda spatulicorne
clarithorax legulum spectrum
clarus leimbachi specularis
claveaui lene speculiceps
clavicorne leopoldinum speluncarum
coecum lepidum springvalense
coerulescens lepineyi squamigena
compressum leviceps sryetum
concolor libanicum stauderi
contigua liberta stictonotum
cooperi liliuokalanii strangulatum
cotterelli lindbergi striatifrons
crawleyi lippulum subapterum
creticum longi subcoecum
creticus longiceps subcomae
criniceps longiceps subdentatum
crinicipitoscabriceps longinode subdenticorne
crinitum longipes sublamellatum
cristatum longiusculum subnitidum
croceiventre lubricum subopacum
cryptobium luederwaldti subterraneum
cupidum luisae succineum
cyaneum luteum sudanicum
dakarense macareaveyi suleyile
damarense macarthuri surcoufi
dammame macrops suteri
debilis madecassum sutu
decamerum mahyoubi sydneyense
decuria majarishe symmotu
delabiei majeri syriacum
delagoense major tablense
demisum malamixtum taedium
demochrum malatu talbotae
dentatum mandibulare talpa
denticulatum manir tambourinense
denticulum mantazenum tanit
dentigerum marjoriae tanysum
desertorum marmule taprobanae
despecta marshi targui
destructor matame tchelichofi
dichroum mavide termitarium
dictator mayri termitobium
didonis mayrianum thales
dilatatum medinae thorense
dirie mediocre thrascoleptum
disertum mediorubra torvicte
disetigerum mediterraneum tostum
disoriente megalops trageri
dispar melleum trake
distinctum metoecus transversale
doddi micrommaton transwaalensis
dolatu micron tricolor
dolichops micropacum triviale
domestica mictilis tropicale
donisthorpei micula tumaire
draculai minimum tuneticum
drapenum minor turkmenicum
draxocum mintiribe turneri
dryhimi minuta tynsorum
dubium minutissimum uelense
durokoppinense minutum unicolor
ebangaense mirandum vaguum
ebeninum moathi valtinum
ebraicum modestum vastator
edentatum moestum vatranum
effractor molestum vecte
egens monardi venustum
elegantulum monomorium versicolor
elgonense montanum vexator
elongatum musicum vezenyii
emarginatum muticum viator
emersoni myops viridum
emeryi mystes vitiense
epinotale mzabicum voeltzkowi
eremophilum najrane volubile
ergatogyna nanum vonatu
esharre navarinensis wahibiense
estherae nengraharicum westi
euryodon nigella wheelerorum
evansi niger whitei
excelsior niger willowmorense
excensurae nightcapense willowmorensis
exchao nigricans wilsoni
exiguum nigriceps wroughtoni
explorator nigrius wroughtoni
extreminigrum nigriventris wroughtoni
faf niloticoides wroughtonianum
falcatum niloticum xantheklemma
fasciatum nimihil xanthognathum
fastidium nipponense xuthosoma
faurei nirvanum yemene
fayfaense nitidiventre zanoni
ferodens nitidum zhinu
fezzanense notulum zulu
fezzanense noualhieri

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key