MonomoriumMayr, 1855validThis taxon has been changed and is awaiting approval

Extant: 396 valid species (78 synonyms, 13 homonyms, 1 unavailable), 30 valid subspecies (73 synonyms, 3 homonyms, 24 unavailable)

Fossil: 3 valid species (1 homonym)

Monomorium Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 . Type-species: Monomorium monomorium (replacement name for Monomorium minutum, junior secondary homonym in Monomorium), by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
Monomorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Monomorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 71 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 124; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 78; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 139. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomoriini: Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 45; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 80. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomorium genus group: Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 81; in Solenopsis genus group: Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 271. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 41 [subtribe Monomoriini]; Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 242; Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 662; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 16; Jaffe, 1993Jaffe, K. 1993. El mundo de las hormigas. Baruta, Venezuela: Equinoccio (Ediciones de la Universidad Simón Bolívar), 188 pp. [1993-07]External_link: 10; Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106.
Genus Monomorium references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 30, 31 (Phacota, Monomorium catalogues); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 429, 440 (Monomorium, Phacota catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19, 22 (Trichomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota diagnoses); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDFExternal_link: 95 (Monomorium diagnosis); Mayr, 1876Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 12:56-115. [1876] PDFExternal_link: 100 (Australia Monomorium species key); Emery, 1881bEmery, C. 1881b. Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso dei Signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 novembre 1879 al 26 febbraio 1880. I. Formiche. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 16:525-535. [1881-03-09]External_link: 530 (Mediterranean & Red Sea Monomorium species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-01]External_link: 331, 343 (Europe & Algeria Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04]External_link: 397 (Phacota); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 262 (U.S.A. Monomorium catalogue); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 69 (Russia Monomorium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65, 71, 72, 78 (Holcomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota, Trichomyrmex, Lampromyrmex catalogues); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 685, 692 (India & Sri Lanka Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 200, 282 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 633 (Russian Empire Monomorium species key); Emery, 1908jEmery, C. 1908j. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:663-686. [1908-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 664 (Palaearctic Monomorium species key); Emery, 1915gEmery, C. 1915g. Noms de sous-genres et de genres proposés pour la sous-famille des Myrmicinae. Modifications à la classification de ce groupe (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1915:189-192. [1915-07-31] PDFExternal_link: 190 (Monomorium subgenera key); Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203, 204 (Monomorium diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 161 (Italy Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1921cSantschi, F. 1921c. Quelques nouveaux Formicides africains. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 61:113-122. [1921-04-02] PDFExternal_link: 121 (Syllophopsis species key); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 168 (Monomorium (Chelaner) & Monomorium (Notomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 170 (Monomorium (Monomorium) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 174 (Monomorium (Corynomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 175 (Monomorium (Syllophopsis) & Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 179 (Monomorium (Parholcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 181 (Monomorium (Holcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 183 (Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 184 (Epixenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 185 (Trichomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 186 (Wheeleriella diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 187 (Phacota diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 204 (Epoecus diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 161, 675, 862, 1026 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 64 (Israel Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1936aSantschi, F. 1936a. Étude sur les fourmis du genre Monomorium Mayr. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 16:32-64. [1936-03-31] PDFExternal_link: 33 (Mediterranean & Africa Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 289 (U.S.A., Iowa Monomorium species key); Kusnezov, 1949aKusnezov, N. 1949a. El género Monomorium (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) en la Argentina. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 7:423-448. [1949-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 431 (Argentina Monomorium species); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 217 (North America Monomorium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 239 (Epoecus, review of genus); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 162, 169 (Asia Ireneidris, Monomorium, Trichomyrmex, Wheeleriella checklists); Bernard, 1955bBernard, F. 1955b. Morphologie et comportement des fourmis lestobiotiques du genre Epixenus Emery. Insectes Sociaux 2:273-283. [1955-12]External_link: 282 (Epixenus species key); Brown, 1958hBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica 1:1-50. [1958-07-30] PDFExternal_link}: 28 (New Zealand Monomorium species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 367 (U.S.A., Colorado Monomorium species key); Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 82, 93, 100 (Monomorium, Chelaner, Syllophopsis diagnoses, reviews of genera, checklists); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Monomorium diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 143 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Nothidris catalogue); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 14 (Cuba Monomorium species key); Snelling, 1975Snelling, R. R. 1975. Descriptions of new Chilean ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 274:1-19. [1975-12-23] PDFExternal_link: 5 (Nothidris all species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975Snelling, R. R.; Hunt, J. H. 1975. The ants of Chile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Chilena de Entomología 9:63-129. [1976-05] PDFExternal_link: 79 (Nothidris all species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. Monomorium species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 82 (Iberian Peninsula Monomorium species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1381 (North America Monomorium catalogue); Tohmé & Tohmé, 1980aTohmé, H.; Tohmé, G. 1980a ("1979"). Le genre Epixenus Emery (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) et ses principaux représentants au Liban et en Syrie. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section A. Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales (4)1:1087-1108. [1980-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 1087 (Lebanon & Syria Epixenus species key); Collingwood, 1985Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7:230-302. [1985] PDFExternal_link: 267 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 55, 70 (Australia Chelaner, Monomorium catalogues); DuBois, 1986DuBois, M. B. 1986. A revision of the native New World species of the ant genus Monomorium (minimum group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 53:65-119. [1986-03-24] PDFExternal_link: 74 (Nearctic Monomorium species revision, key); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 281 (Phacota diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 283 (Antichthonidris, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 284 (Nothidris review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 287 (Monomorium diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 19, 40 and Taylor, 1987bTaylor, R. W. 1987b. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). First supplement, 10 July, 1987. CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41(Suppl.1):1-5. [1987-07]External_link: 2 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand Monomorium checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 272 (Balkans Monomorium species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 14 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 231 (Turkmenistan Monomorium species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 326, 357 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 361 (Nothidris catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 38 (Japan Monomorium species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 46 (Armenia Monomorium species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048, 1050, 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 67, 258, 292, 316 (Antichthonidris, Monomorium, Nothidris, Phacota catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 88 (China Monomorium species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 337 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Radchenko, 1997GRadchenko, A. G. 1997G. Review of the ants of scabriceps group of the genus Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 46:211-224. [1997] PDFExternal_link: 211 (Monomorium scabriceps group revision, key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 19 (Portugal Monomorium species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 145 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2001Heterick, B. E. 2001. Revision of the Australian ants of the genus Monomorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 15:353-459. [2001-06-19] PDFExternal_link: 367 (Australia Monomorium species revision, key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 112 (China, Guangxi Monomorium species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 127 (U.S.A., New Mexico Monomorium species key); Heterick, 2006Heterick, B. 2006. A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (4)57:69-202. [2006-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 84 (Malagasy Monomorium species revision, key); Fernández, 2007BFernández, F. 2007B. Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:128-145. [2007-09]External_link: 139 (Neotropical Monomorium species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 154 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 158 (south-western Australia species key); Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011Aldawood, S. A.; Sharaf, M. R. 2011. Monomorium dryhimi sp. n., a new ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the M. monomorium group from Saudi Arabia, with a key to the Arabian Monomorium monomorium-group. ZooKeys 106:47-54. [2011-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 52 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium monomorium group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 86 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. First occurrence of the Monomorium hildebrandti-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in the Arabian Peninsula, with description of a new species M. kondratieffi n. sp. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 115:75-84. [2013-01] PDFExternal_link (Afrotropical hildebrandti-group species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. Monomorium sarawatensis Sharaf & Aldawood, sp. n. Pp. 70-73 in: El-Hawagry, M. S.; Khalil, M. W.; Sharaf, M. R.; Fadl, H. H.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. A preliminary study on the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, with descriptions of two new species. ZooKeys 274:1-88. [2013-03-01] PDFExternal_link (Saudi Arabia monomorium-group species key).
Added by Flávia Esteves 9 months ago
Genera
Acalama Epoecus Oxygyne
Acanthidris Epopostruma Oxyidris
Acanthognathus Equestrimessor Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex Erebomyrma Paedalgus
Acidomyrmex Eriopheidole Palaeatta
Acrocoelia Eucryptocerus Paracrema
Acromyrmex Euophthalma Paracryptocerus
Acrostigma Eurhopalothrix Parameranoplus
Adelomyrmex Eutetramorium Paramycetophylax
Adlerzia Exocryptocerus Paramyrmica
Aeromyrma Fallomyrma Paranamyrma
Afromyrma Forelifidis Paraphacota
Afroxyidris Forelomyrmex Paraphaenogaster
Alistruma Formicoxenus Parapheidole
Allomerus Formosimyrma Paratopula
Allopheidole Fushunomyrmex Parholcomyrmex
Amauromyrmex Gallardomyrma Parvimyrma
Ancyridris Gauromyrmex Pentastruma
Aneleus Geognomicus Perissomyrmex
Anergates Glamyromyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergatides Glyptomyrmex Phacota
Anillomyrma Goaligongidris Phalacromyrmex
Anisopheidole Goniomma Pharaophanes
Ankylomyrma Goniothorax Pheidolacanthinus
Antichthonidris Granisolenopsis Pheidole
Antillaemyrmex Gymnomyrmex Pheidologeton
Aphaenogaster Hagioxenus Phidola
Apomyrmex Harnedia Phidole
Apsychomyrmex Harpagoxenus Phidologeton
Apterostigma Hendecapheidole Physatta
Aratromyrmex Hendecatella Physocrema
Archaeomyrmex Heptacondylus Pilotrochus
Archeatta Heptastruma Planimyrma
Arctomyrmex Hercynia Platystruma
Arnoldidris Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Asemorhoptrum Heteromyrmex Podomyrma
Asketogenys Hexadaceton Poecilomyrma
Aspididris Holcomyrmex Pogonomyrmex
Atopogyne Huberia Polyhomoa
Atopomyrmex Hylidris Pristomyrmex
Atopula Hylomyrma Proatta
Atta Hypocryptocerus Procryptocerus
Attaichnus Hypopomyrmex Prodicroaspis
Attomyrma Icothorax Promeranoplus
Attopsis Idrisella Promyrma
Austromorium Ilemomyrmex Propodilobus
Baracidris Indomyrma Propodomyrma
Bariamyrma Ireneella Proscopomyrmex
Basiceros Ireneidris Prosopidris
Bilobomyrma Ireneopone Protalaridris
Bisolenopsis Irogera Protholcomyrmex
Blepharidatta Ischnomyrmex Protomognathus
Boltonidris Ishakidris Protomyrmica
Bondroitia Isolcomyrmex Pseudoatta
Borgmeierita Isopheidole Pseudopodomyrma
Brachytarsites Janetia Pyramica
Brownidris Kalathomyrmex Quadristruma
Bruchomyrma Kartidris Quadrulicapito
Brunella Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Calyptomyrmex Labauchena Recurvidris
Cardiocondyla Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiopheidole Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Carebara Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebarella Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarelloides Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Cataulacus Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Caulomyrma Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Cephalomorium Leonomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptomyrma Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Leptothorax Secostruma
Cephaloxys Lilidris Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Limnomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Liomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lobomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Lonchomyrmex Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Loncyda Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lophomyrmex Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lordomyrma Solenops
Cladarogenys Lundella Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Machomyrma Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischa Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macromischoides Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Macropheidole Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmoxenus Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Nematocrema Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Neoatta Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoblepharidatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neomyrma Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neostruma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dorothea Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyclona Nothidris Vombisidris
Dyomorium Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Dysedrognathus Notomyrmex Weberidris
Elasmopheidole Novomessor Weberistruma
Electromyrmex Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Electropheidole Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Emeryia Octella Wheeleriella
Eneria Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Enneamerus Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenidris Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eocenomyrma Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Eomyrmex Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Epelysidris Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Ephebomyrmex Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epiatta Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epimyrma Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epipheidole Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epitritus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epixenus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Species
abeillei fieldi noxitum
aberrans fingo nuptualis
abyssinicum firmum nyasae
acutinode fisheri obscuratum
adiastolon flavescens obscurella
adoneum flavimembra obscuriceps
adulatrix flavipes obscuripes
advena flavonigrum occidaneum
aequatoriale flavum occidentale
aequum floreanum ocellatum
aeyade floricola ominosa
affabile forcipatum opacior
africanum foreli opacior
afrum fossulatum opacum
aharonii fragilis ophthalmicum
aithoderum fraterculus orangiae
ajjer fridae orientale
ajjer froggatti oscaris
alamarum fugelanum osiridis
albipes fultor pacis
albopilosum fulvum pallidipes
algiricum fur pallidum
altinode furina papuasiae
altinode furunculum parantarcticum
amblyops gabrielense parvinode
anceps gallagheri paterna
anderseni gilberti paternum
andrei glabrocriniceps paucipilosa
andrei glabrum peninsulatum
angusticlava glyciphila pergandei
angustinode gongromos perplexum
annamense gracilicorne personatum
antarcticum gracillima pestiferum
anthracinum gracillimus petiolatum
antiguensis gracilum petulans
antipodum grahamstownense pharaonis
aper grandis philippinensis
apuleii grassei phoenicum
arboreum guillarmodi picea
arenarium guineense piceonigrum
arenarium hainanense pictum
areniphilum hanaqe pieli
armstrongi hanneli pietschmanni
arnoldi hannonis pilipes
arnoldi harithe planidorsum
asiriense havilandi platynode
asmarensis hemame poecilum
atomaria hemiphaeum pretoriensis
atomum hercules procax
atra herero prossae
atrata hesperium pseudoepixenus
aureorugosum heyeri pubescens
australe hildebrandti pulchrum
australicum hirsutum pullula
baal hiten punctifrons
balathir holothir punctipectore
banksi hospitum punctulatum
barbatulum hottentota punicum
barretti howense qarahe
basalis humilior rabirium
baushare ilgii rapaense
bedui ilia rastractum
belli imerinense rastratum
bequaerti impexum ravenshoense
bernardi impressum rhopalocerum
bevisi impuriceps rimae
bicolor indicum riyadhe
bicolor indicus robertsoni
bicorne inerme robustior
bidentata infuscum robustum
bidentatum inquietum rogeri
bifidoclypeatum inquilinum rosae
bifidum insidiosa rothsteini
bihamatum insolescens rotundatum
bimaculatoides insularis ruber
bimaculatum integrium rubra
bimaculatum integrum rubriceps
binatu intermedium rufescens
biroi intrudens rufibasis
biroi inusuale rufonigrum
biroianum invidium rufulum
bodenheimeri italica rugifrons
boerorum iyenasu ruzskyi
boerorum jacksoni sagei
bogischi javana sahlbergi
boltoni jizane sakalavum
bondroiti jonesi salaco
borlei jucundum salomonis
brachythrix judaicum samoanum
brasiliense junodi sanguinolentum
braunsi kalahariense santschianum
brevicorne karawajewi santschiellum
brocha katir santschii
broomense kelapre santschii
bruneum kempi sarawatensis
brunneolucidulum kiliani satoi
buettikeri kineti scabriceps
bulawayense kitectum schultzei
bulawayensis knappi schurri
burchera kondratieffi scipionis
butteli kugitangi sculpturatum
buxtoni kugleri sechellense
cabrerae kusnezowi senegalense
capito lacrymans senegalensis
captator lacunosum serenum
carbo laeve sersalatum
carbonarium laeviceps setuliferum
carinatum laevior shattucki
castaneum lameerei shilohense
cekalovici lamingtonensis shuckardi
centrale lanzarotense sichelii
chilense latastei silaceum
chinense latinode silvestrii
chnodes latinodoides smithii
chobauti latior smutsi
cinctum leae solleri
cinnabari leda sommieri
clarinode legulum sordidum
clarithorax leimbachi spatulicorne
clarus lene spectrum
claveaui leopoldinum specularis
clavicorne lepidum speculiceps
coecum lepineyi speluncarum
coerulescens leviceps springvalense
compressum libanicum squamigena
concolor liberta sryetum
contigua liliuokalanii stauderi
cooperi lindbergi stictonotum
cotterelli lippulum strangulatum
crawleyi longi striatifrons
creticum longiceps subapterum
creticus longiceps subcoecum
criniceps longinode subcomae
crinicipitoscabriceps longipes subdentatum
crinitum longiusculum subdenticorne
cristatum lubricum sublamellatum
croceiventre luederwaldti subnitidum
cryptobium luisae subopacum
cupidum luteum subterraneum
cyaneum macareaveyi succineum
dakarense macarthuri sudanicum
damarense macrops suleyile
dammame madecassum surcoufi
debilis mahyoubi suteri
decamerum majarishe sutu
decuria majeri sydneyense
delabiei major symmotu
delagoense malamixtum syriacum
demisum malatu tablense
demochrum mandibulare taedium
dentatum manir talbotae
denticulatum mantazenum talpa
denticulum marjoriae tambourinense
dentigerum marmule tanit
desertorum marshi tanysum
despecta matame taprobanae
destructor mavide targui
dichroum mayri tchelichofi
dictator mayrianum termitarium
didonis medinae termitobium
dilatatum mediocre thales
dirie mediorubra thorense
disertum mediterraneum thrascoleptum
disetigerum megalops torvicte
disoriente melleum tostum
dispar metoecus trageri
distinctum micrommaton trake
doddi micron transversale
dolatu micropacum transwaalensis
dolichops mictilis tricolor
domestica micula triviale
donisthorpei minimum tropicale
draculai minor tumaire
drapenum mintiribe tuneticum
draxocum minuta turkmenicum
dryhimi minutissimum turneri
dubium minutum tynsorum
durokoppinense mirandum uelense
ebangaense moathi unicolor
ebeninum modestum vaguum
ebraicum moestum valtinum
edentatum molestum vastator
effractor monardi vatranum
egens monomorium vecte
elegantulum montanum venustum
elgonense musicum versicolor
elongatum muticum vexator
emarginatum myops vezenyii
emersoni mystes viator
emeryi mzabicum viridum
epinotale najrane vitiense
eremophilum nanum voeltzkowi
ergatogyna navarinensis volubile
esharre nengraharicum vonatu
estherae nigella wahibiense
euryodon niger westi
evansi niger wheelerorum
excelsior nightcapense whitei
excensurae nigricans willowmorense
exchao nigriceps willowmorensis
exiguum nigrius wilsoni
explorator nigriventris wroughtoni
extreminigrum niloticoides wroughtoni
faf niloticum wroughtoni
falcatum nimihil wroughtonianum
fasciatum nipponense xantheklemma
fastidium nirvanum xanthognathum
faurei nitidiventre xuthosoma
fayfaense nitidum yemene
ferodens notorthotenes zanoni
fezzanense notulum zhinu
fezzanense noualhieri zulu

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key