MonomoriumMayr, 1855validThis taxon has been changed and is awaiting approval

Extant: 351 valid species (70 synonyms, 9 homonyms, 1 unavailable, 1 obsolete combination), 27 valid subspecies (65 synonyms, 2 homonyms, 24 unavailable)

Fossil: 3 valid species (1 homonym)

Monomorium Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 . Type-species: Monomorium monomorium (replacement name for Monomorium minutum, junior secondary homonym in Monomorium), by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
Monomorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Monomorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 452 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 71 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 124; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1899BForel, A. 1899B. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:1-169.External_link: 78; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 139. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomoriini: Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 45; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 80. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomorium genus group: Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 81; in Solenopsis genus group: Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 271. Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 41 [subtribe Monomoriini]; Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 242; Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 662; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 16; Jaffe, 1993Jaffe, K. 1993. El mundo de las hormigas. Baruta, Venezuela: Equinoccio (Ediciones de la Universidad Simón Bolívar), 188 pp. [1993-07]External_link: 10; Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106.
Genus Monomorium references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 30, 31 (Phacota, Monomorium catalogues); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 429, 440 (Monomorium, Phacota catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19, 22 (Trichomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota diagnoses); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDFExternal_link: 95 (Monomorium diagnosis); Mayr, 1876Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 12:56-115. [1876] PDFExternal_link: 100 (Australia Monomorium species key); Emery, 1881bEmery, C. 1881b. Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso dei Signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 novembre 1879 al 26 febbraio 1880. I. Formiche. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 16:525-535. [1881-03-09]External_link: 530 (Mediterranean & Red Sea Monomorium species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-01]External_link: 331, 343 (Europe & Algeria Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04]External_link: 397 (Phacota); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 262 (U.S.A. Monomorium catalogue); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 69 (Russia Monomorium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 65, 71, 72, 78 (Holcomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota, Trichomyrmex, Lampromyrmex catalogues); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 685, 692 (India & Sri Lanka Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 200, 282 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 633 (Russian Empire Monomorium species key); Emery, 1908jEmery, C. 1908j. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:663-686. [1908-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 664 (Palaearctic Monomorium species key); Emery, 1915gEmery, C. 1915g. Noms de sous-genres et de genres proposés pour la sous-famille des Myrmicinae. Modifications à la classification de ce groupe (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1915:189-192. [1915-07-31] PDFExternal_link: 190 (Monomorium subgenera key); Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 203, 204 (Monomorium diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 161 (Italy Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1921cSantschi, F. 1921c. Quelques nouveaux Formicides africains. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 61:113-122. [1921-04-02] PDFExternal_link: 121 (Syllophopsis species key); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 166 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 168 (Monomorium (Chelaner) & Monomorium (Notomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 170 (Monomorium (Monomorium) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 174 (Monomorium (Corynomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 175 (Monomorium (Syllophopsis) & Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 179 (Monomorium (Parholcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 181 (Monomorium (Holcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 183 (Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 184 (Epixenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 185 (Trichomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 186 (Wheeleriella diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 187 (Phacota diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDFExternal_link: 204 (Epoecus diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 161, 675, 862, 1026 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 64 (Israel Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1936aSantschi, F. 1936a. Étude sur les fourmis du genre Monomorium Mayr. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 16:32-64. [1936-03-31] PDFExternal_link: 33 (Mediterranean & Africa Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 289 (U.S.A., Iowa Monomorium species key); Kusnezov, 1949aKusnezov, N. 1949a. El género Monomorium (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) en la Argentina. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 7:423-448. [1949-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 431 (Argentina Monomorium species); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 217 (North America Monomorium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 239 (Epoecus, review of genus); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 162, 169 (Asia Ireneidris, Monomorium, Trichomyrmex, Wheeleriella checklists); Bernard, 1955bBernard, F. 1955b. Morphologie et comportement des fourmis lestobiotiques du genre Epixenus Emery. Insectes Sociaux 2:273-283. [1955-12]External_link: 282 (Epixenus species key); Brown, 1958hBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica 1:1-50. [1958-07-30] PDFExternal_link}: 28 (New Zealand Monomorium species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 367 (U.S.A., Colorado Monomorium species key); Ettershank, 1966Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171. [1966-02] PDFExternal_link: 82, 93, 100 (Monomorium, Chelaner, Syllophopsis diagnoses, reviews of genera, checklists); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Monomorium diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 143 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 165 (Nothidris catalogue); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 14 (Cuba Monomorium species key); Snelling, 1975Snelling, R. R. 1975. Descriptions of new Chilean ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 274:1-19. [1975-12-23] PDFExternal_link: 5 (Nothidris all species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975Snelling, R. R.; Hunt, J. H. 1975. The ants of Chile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Chilena de Entomología 9:63-129. [1976-05] PDFExternal_link: 79 (Nothidris all species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. Monomorium species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 82 (Iberian Peninsula Monomorium species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1381 (North America Monomorium catalogue); Tohmé & Tohmé, 1980aTohmé, H.; Tohmé, G. 1980a ("1979"). Le genre Epixenus Emery (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) et ses principaux représentants au Liban et en Syrie. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section A. Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales (4)1:1087-1108. [1980-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 1087 (Lebanon & Syria Epixenus species key); Collingwood, 1985Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7:230-302. [1985] PDFExternal_link: 267 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 55, 70 (Australia Chelaner, Monomorium catalogues); DuBois, 1986DuBois, M. B. 1986. A revision of the native New World species of the ant genus Monomorium (minimum group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 53:65-119. [1986-03-24] PDFExternal_link: 74 (Nearctic Monomorium species revision, key); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 281 (Phacota diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 283 (Antichthonidris, review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 284 (Nothidris review of genus); Bolton, 1987Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54:263-452. [1987-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 287 (Monomorium diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 19, 40 and Taylor, 1987bTaylor, R. W. 1987b. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). First supplement, 10 July, 1987. CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41(Suppl.1):1-5. [1987-07]External_link: 2 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand Monomorium checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 272 (Balkans Monomorium species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 14 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 231 (Turkmenistan Monomorium species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 326, 357 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 361 (Nothidris catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 38 (Japan Monomorium species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 46 (Armenia Monomorium species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048, 1050, 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 67, 258, 292, 316 (Antichthonidris, Monomorium, Nothidris, Phacota catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 88 (China Monomorium species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 337 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Radchenko, 1997GRadchenko, A. G. 1997G. Review of the ants of scabriceps group of the genus Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 46:211-224. [1997] PDFExternal_link: 211 (Trichomyrmex scabriceps group revision, key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 19 (Portugal Monomorium species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 145 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2001Heterick, B. E. 2001. Revision of the Australian ants of the genus Monomorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 15:353-459. [2001-06-19] PDFExternal_link: 367 (Australia Monomorium species revision, key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 112 (China, Guangxi Monomorium species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 127 (U.S.A., New Mexico Monomorium species key); Heterick, 2006Heterick, B. 2006. A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (4)57:69-202. [2006-04-18] PDFExternal_link: 84 (Malagasy Monomorium species revision, key); Fernández, 2007BFernández, F. 2007B. Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:128-145. [2007-09]External_link: 139 (Neotropical Monomorium species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 154 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 158 (south-western Australia species key); Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011Aldawood, S. A.; Sharaf, M. R. 2011. Monomorium dryhimi sp. n., a new ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the M. monomorium group from Saudi Arabia, with a key to the Arabian Monomorium monomorium-group. ZooKeys 106:47-54. [2011-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 52 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium monomorium group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 86 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. First occurrence of the Monomorium hildebrandti-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in the Arabian Peninsula, with description of a new species M. kondratieffi n. sp. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 115:75-84. [2013-01] PDFExternal_link (Afrotropical hildebrandti-group species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. Monomorium sarawatensis Sharaf & Aldawood, sp. n. Pp. 70-73 in: El-Hawagry, M. S.; Khalil, M. W.; Sharaf, M. R.; Fadl, H. H.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. A preliminary study on the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, with descriptions of two new species. ZooKeys 274:1-88. [2013-03-01] PDFExternal_link (Saudi Arabia monomorium-group species key).
Added by Flávia Esteves over 1 year ago
Genera
Acalama Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthidris Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthognathus Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acanthomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acidomyrmex Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acrocoelia Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acromyrmex Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Acrostigma Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adelomyrmex Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Adlerzia Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Aeromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afromyrma Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Afroxyidris Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Alistruma Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allomerus Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Allopheidole Geognomicus Pentastruma
Amauromyrmex Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Ancyridris Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Aneleus Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergates Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anergatides Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anillomyrma Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Anisopheidole Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Species
abeillei firmum nuptualis
acutinode flavescens nyasae
adoneum flavimembra obscuratum
adulatrix flavipes obscurella
advena flavonigrum obscuriceps
aequatoriale flavum obscuripes
aequum floreanum occidaneum
aeyade floricola occidentale
affabile forcipatum ocellatum
africanum foreli opacior
afrum fragilis opacior
aharonii fraterculus opacum
aithoderum fridae ophthalmicum
ajjer froggatti orangiae
alamarum fugelanum orientale
albipes fultor osiridis
albopilosum fulvum pacis
algiricum fur pallidipes
altinode furina pallidum
altinode furunculum papuasiae
amblyops gabrielense parantarcticum
anceps gallagheri parvinode
anderseni gilberti paterna
andrei glyciphila paternum
andrei gracilicorne paucipilosa
angusticlava gracillimus peninsulatum
angustinode gracilum pergandei
annamense grahamstownense personatum
antarcticum grandis pestiferum
anthracinum grassei petiolatum
antiguensis guillarmodi petulans
antipodum guineense pharaonis
aper hainanense philippinensis
apuleii hanaqe phoenicum
arboreum hanneli picea
arenarium hannonis piceonigrum
arenarium harithe pictum
areniphilum havilandi pieli
armstrongi hemame pietschmanni
arnoldi hemiphaeum pilipes
arnoldi hercules planidorsum
asiriense herero platynode
asmarensis hesperium poecilum
atomum heyeri pretoriensis
atra hirsutum procax
atrata hiten pseudoepixenus
australe holothir pubescens
baal hospitum pulchrum
balathir hottentota pullula
banksi howense punctifrons
barbatulum humilior punctipectore
barretti ilgii punctulatum
baushare ilia punicum
bedui imerinense qarahe
belli impexum rabirium
bequaerti impressum rapaense
bernardi impuriceps rastractum
bevisi indicum rastratum
bicolor indicus ravenshoense
bicolor inerme rhopalocerum
bicorne inquietum rimae
bidentata inquilinum riyadhe
bidentatum insidiosa robustum
bifidoclypeatum insolescens rogeri
bifidum insularis rosae
bihamatum integrium rothsteini
bimaculatoides integrum rotundatum
bimaculatum intermedium rubra
bimaculatum intrudens rubriceps
binatu inusuale rufescens
biroi invidium rufibasis
biroi italica rufonigrum
biroianum iyenasu rufulum
bodenheimeri jacksoni rugifrons
boerorum javana ruzskyi
bogischi jizane sagei
boltoni jucundum sahlbergi
bondroiti judaicum sakalavum
borlei junodi salaco
brachythrix katir salomonis
brasiliense kelapre samoanum
braunsi kempi sanguinolentum
brevicorne kiliani santschiellum
brocha kineti santschii
broomense kitectum sarawatensis
bruneum knappi satoi
brunneolucidulum kugitangi schultzei
buettikeri kugleri schurri
bulawayense kusnezowi scipionis
bulawayensis lacrymans sculpturatum
burchera lacunosum senegalense
butteli laeve senegalensis
buxtoni laeviceps serenum
cabrerae lamingtonensis setuliferum
capito lanzarotense shattucki
captator latastei shilohense
carbo latinode sichelii
carbonarium latinodoides silaceum
carinatum latior silvestrii
castaneum leae smithii
cekalovici leda sommieri
centrale legulum sordidum
chilense leimbachi spatulicorne
chinense lene spectrum
chnodes leopoldinum specularis
cinctum lepidum speculiceps
cinnabari lepineyi speluncarum
clarithorax leviceps springvalense
claveaui libanicum squamigena
clavicorne liberta sryetum
coecum liliuokalanii stictonotum
coerulescens lindbergi strangulatum
compressum lippulum striatifrons
concolor longi subapterum
contigua longiceps subcomae
cooperi longiceps subdentatum
cotterelli longinode subdenticorne
crawleyi longipes sublamellatum
creticum longiusculum subnitidum
creticus lubricum subopacum
crinitum luederwaldti subterraneum
cristatum luisae succineum
croceiventre luteum sudanicum
cupidum macareaveyi suleyile
cyaneum macarthuri surcoufi
dakarense macrops suteri
damarense madecassum sutu
dammame mahyoubi sydneyense
debilis majarishe symmotu
decamerum majeri syriacum
decuria major tablense
delabiei malatu taedium
delagoense mandibulare talbotae
demisum manir tambourinense
demochrum mantazenum tanit
denticulatum marjoriae tanysum
denticulum marmule taprobanae
dentigerum marshi targui
desertorum matame tchelichofi
dichroum mavide termitarium
dictator mayrianum termitobium
didonis medinae thales
dilatatum mediocre thorense
dirie mediorubra torvicte
disertum mediterraneum tostum
disetigerum megalops trageri
disoriente melleum trake
distinctum metoecus transversale
doddi micrommaton tricolor
dolatu micron triviale
dolichops micropacum tropicale
domestica mictilis tumaire
donisthorpei micula tuneticum
draculai minimum turkmenicum
drapenum minor turneri
draxocum mintiribe tynsorum
dryhimi minuta uelense
dubium minutissimum unicolor
durokoppinense minutum vaguum
ebangaense mirandum valtinum
ebeninum moathi vastator
ebraicum moestum vatranum
edentatum molestum vecte
effractor monardi venustum
egens monomorium versicolor
elegantulum montanum vezenyii
elongatum musicum viator
emarginatum mystes viridum
emersoni mzabicum voeltzkowi
eremophilum najrane volubile
ergatogyna nanum vonatu
esharre navarinensis wahibiense
estherae nengraharicum westi
euryodon nigella wheelerorum
evansi niger whitei
excelsior nightcapense willowmorense
excensurae nigricans willowmorensis
exchao nigriceps wilsoni
exiguum nigrius wroughtoni
explorator nigriventris wroughtoni
extreminigrum niloticoides wroughtoni
falcatum niloticum xantheklemma
fasciatum nimihil xanthognathum
fastidium nipponense xuthosoma
faurei nirvanum yemene
fayfaense nitidiventre zanoni
fezzanense nitidum zhinu
fezzanense notulum zulu
fieldi noualhieri
fingo noxitum

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key