Myrmica rubra(Linnaeus, 1758)valid

1 valid subspecies (5 synonyms, 1 unidentifiable, 2 unavailable)

Formica rubra Linnaeus, 1758Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, 824 pp. [1758-01-01] PDFExternal_link: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntWeb AntWiki
Latreille, 1802aLatreille, P. A. 1802a. Histoire naturelle des fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Paris: Impr. Crapelet (chez T. Barrois), xvi + 445 pp. [1802-04]External_link: 248 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953aWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953a ("1952"). The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Myrmicini. Psyche (Cambridge) 59:105-125. [1953-01-30] PDFExternal_link: 118 (l.); Hauschteck, 1965Hauschteck, E. 1965. Halbe haploide Chromosomenzahl im Hoden von Myrmica sulcinodis Nyl. (Formicidae). Experientia (Basel) 21:323-325. [1965-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 325 (k.). Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1804Latreille, P. A. 1804. Tableau méthodique des insectes. Pp. 129-200 in: Société de Naturalistes et d'Agriculteurs 1804. Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle. Tome 24. Paris: Déterville, 84 + 85 + 238 + 18 + 34 pp. [1804-03-07]External_link: 179. Senior synonym of Myrmica laevinodis (and its junior synonyms Myrmica bruesi, Myrmica champlaini, Myrmica longiscapus): Yarrow, 1955cYarrow, I. H. H. 1955c. The type species of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B 24:113-115. [1955-06-22] PDFExternal_link: 114; Arnol'di, 1970bArnol'di, K. V. 1970b. Review of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the European part of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 49:1829-1844. [1970-12] PDFExternal_link: 1839; Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. [1977-06] PDFExternal_link}: 115; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 530; Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 52; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; of Myrmica europaea: Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowska, 1997Radchenko, A. G.; Czechowski, W.; Czechowska, W. 1997. The genus Myrmica Latr. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Poland - a survey of species and a key for their identification. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 47:481-500. [1997-12-31]External_link: 483; Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 17; of Myrmica microrubra: Steiner, Schlick-Steiner, Konrad, et al. 2006: 777. Current subspecies: nominal plus Myrmica rubra khamensis, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis. See also: Emery, 1908aEmery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:165-205. [1908-03-01] PDFExternal_link: 169; Brian & Brian, 1949Brian, M. V.; Brian, A. D. 1949. Observations on the taxonomy of the ants Myrmica rubra L. and M. laevinodis Nylander. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae.). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 100:393-409. [1949-12-30] PDFExternal_link: 393; Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1350; Pearson, 1981Pearson, B. 1981. The electrophoretic determination of Myrmica rubra microgynes as a social parasite: possible significance in the evolution of ant social parasites. Pp. 75-84 in: Howse, P. E.; Clement, J.-L. (eds.) 1981. Biosystematics of social insects. Systematics Association Special Volume No. 19. London: Academic Press, 346 pp. [1981]External_link: 75; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; Onoyama, 1989aOnoyama, K. 1989a. Confirmation of the occurrence of Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan with taxonomic and ecological notes. Japanese Journal of Entomology 57:131-135. [1989-03-25] PDFExternal_link: 131; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. [In Bulgarian.]. Fauna na Bûlgariya 22:1-310. [1992-11]External_link: 83; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp. [2010-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 228.
Genera
Acalama Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthidris Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthognathus Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acanthomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acidomyrmex Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acrocoelia Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acromyrmex Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Acrostigma Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adelomyrmex Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Adlerzia Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Aeromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afromyrma Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Afroxyidris Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Alistruma Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allomerus Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Allopheidole Geognomicus Pentastruma
Amauromyrmex Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Ancyridris Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Aneleus Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergates Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anergatides Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anillomyrma Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Anisopheidole Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Species
aborigenica helleri puerilis
adelaidae heterorhytida pulchella
ademonia himalayana punctata
adrijae hirsuta punctinops
aemula hirtula punctiventris
afghanica hlavaci punica
agilis humilis pusilla
ahngeri hunteri pyrenaea
aimonissabaudiae hyungokae quadrispinosa
alajensis impura quebecensis
alaskensis incerta radchenkoi
albuferensis incompleta ravasinii
aldrichi incurvata recedens
algirica indica rediana
aloba inezae religiosa
alperti inflecta reticulata
alpestris infuscata reticulata
alpina inornata rhynchophora
amaurocyclia insolens rhytida
americana intermedia rigatoi
anatolica intermedia ritae
angulata interrupta rolandi
angulinodis inucta rubra
angusticollis iranica rubriceps
angustifrons irritans rudis
angustula isfahani rufa
apennina iskanderi ruficeps
aquia jacobsoni rufitarsis
archaica jennyae rufotestacea
arduennae jessensis rugiceps
arisana jucunda rugifrons
arnoldii juglandeti ruginodiformis
aspersa kabylica ruginodis
assimilis kamtschatica ruginodolaevinodis
atlantica kamyschiensis rugiventris
atomaria karavajevi rugosa
atra kasczenkoi rugosa
atratula khamensis rugososmythiesi
bactriana kieviensis rugulosa
baikalensis kirbii rugulosoides
bakurianica kirghisorum rugulososcabrinodis
balcanica kirgisica rugulososcabrinodis
barbata kollari rupestris
barchanica koreana russula
basalis kothiensis ruzskyana
beesoni kotokui ruzskyi
bergi kozakorum ruzskyi
bergiana kozlovi sabeana
bessarabicus kryzhanovskii sabuleti
betuliana kurokii saevissima
bibikoffi kuschei salina
bicarinata kutteri sallei
bicolor lacteipennis samnitica
bidens lacustris sancta
bidentata laevigata saposhnikovi
birulensis laevinodis saxicola
blanda laevinodoruginodis scabrata
boltoni laevissima scabrinodis
bradleyi laeviuscula scabrinodoides
brancuccii lampra scabrinodolobicornis
breviceps latifrons scabrinodorugulosa
brevinodis laurae scabrinodosabuleti
brevipennis lemasnei scabrosa
brevispina leonina scalpturata
brevispinosa limanica schencki
bruesi lineolata schenckioides
brunescens lippula schoedli
burtshakabramovitshi lissahorensis schulzi
busoni littoralis sculptiventris
cachmiriensis lobata seminigra
cadusa lobicornis semiparasitica
caeca lobicornosulcinodis semipolita
cagnianti lobifrons serica
californica lobulicornis siciliana
canadensis lonae silvestrianum
carbonaria longiceps silvestrii
carbonaria longipes simillima
carinata longiscapus simpliciuscula
cariniceps longisculpta sinensis
castanea longispinosa sinica
caucasica lucidula sinoschencki
caucasicola luctuosa slobodensis
cerasi lulakeranica slovaca
champlaini lundii smythiesii
chersonensis luteola sontica
chinensis lutescens sordidula
cingulata lyncea spatulata
clandestina macrocephala specioides
clypeata macrogyna speciolosa
coeca maligna specularis
colax margaritae spinosior
collingwoodi martensi stangeana
columbiana marylandica starki
commarginata medvedevi strandi
consternens mekongi striata
constricta melanocephala striatula
contigua mellea striolagaster
corrugata mexicana subacuta
corticalis microgyna subalpina
crassirugis microrubra subalpina
curiosa minima subaltaica
cursor minkii subbrevispinosa
curvispinosa minuta sublaevis
curvithorax minuta sublanuginosa
dagmarae minuta subopaca
daurica mirabilis subopaca
debilior mixta subrubra
debilis modesta sulcinodis
decedens moesta sulcinodoides
dentata molassica sulcinodolobicornis
denticornis molefaciens sulcinodoruginodis
deplanata molesta sulcinodorugulosa
derzhavini montana sulcinodoscabrinodis
detritinodis monticola sulcinodoscabrinodis
dicaporiaccoi moravica suspiciosa
diffusa multiplex svartshevskii
diligens muscorum symbiotica
diluta mutata taediosa
dimidiata mutica tahoensis
discontinua myrmecophila taibaiensis
displicentia myrmicoxena tamarae
divergens nearctica tarbinskii
diversa nebulosa tarda
dolens nefaria tenuispina
domestica neglecta terminalis
draco neolaevinodis testaceopilosa
dshungarica nevodovskii testaceus
duisburgi nigripes texana
eidmanni nitida thoracica
elbrusi nitidula tianshanica
elmesi nodicornis tibetana
emeryana novaeboracensis tigreensis
emeryi nylanderi tipuna
eocenica obensis titanica
ereptrix oblonga tobiasi
erythrothorax obscura trachylissa
europaea obscurata transsibirica
everesti obsoleta transversa
excelsa occidentalis transversinodis
exigua ominosa trinodis
exigua onoyamai triplarina
eximia opaca tristis
faniensis opposita trullicornis
ferganensis ordinaria tschekanovskii
flavidula orientalis tshuliensis
fodicus orthostyla tulinae
forcipata pachei turcica
foreli paleata typhlops
foreliana pallida umbripennis
foreliella pallidula urbanii
formosa paradoxa ussuriensis
formosae parallela vandeli
fortior pararitae varisculpta
fortior parasitica vastator
fracticornis parvula venusta
fragilis pechi vexator
frigida pedestris vicaria
furva pellucida villosa
fuscipennis pelops virulens
fuscula perelegans vittata
galbula persiana wardi
gallienii pertinax weberi
gayi petita weii
georgica phalacra wesmaeli
gigantea pilinodis wheeleri
glaber pilosiscapus wheelerorum
glacialis pinetorum whymperi
globularia pisarskii williamsi
glyciphila plana winterae
gracilescens pleiorhytida wittmeri
gracillima poldii xavieri
grandis polita yamanei
granulinodis polyglypta yoshiokai
hamulata poneroides yunnanensis
hecate pradella zhengi
hellenica pseudorugosa zojae

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key