Myrmica rubra(Linnaeus, 1758)valid

1 valid subspecies (5 synonyms, 1 unidentifiable, 2 unavailable)

Formica rubra Linnaeus, 1758Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, 824 pp. [1758-01-01] PDFExternal_link: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntWeb AntWiki
Latreille, 1802aLatreille, P. A. 1802a. Histoire naturelle des fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Paris: Impr. Crapelet (chez T. Barrois), xvi + 445 pp. [1802-04]External_link: 248 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953aWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953a ("1952"). The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Myrmicini. Psyche (Cambridge) 59:105-125. [1953-01-30] PDFExternal_link: 118 (l.); Hauschteck, 1965Hauschteck, E. 1965. Halbe haploide Chromosomenzahl im Hoden von Myrmica sulcinodis Nyl. (Formicidae). Experientia (Basel) 21:323-325. [1965-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 325 (k.). Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1804Latreille, P. A. 1804. Tableau méthodique des insectes. Pp. 129-200 in: Société de Naturalistes et d'Agriculteurs 1804. Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle. Tome 24. Paris: Déterville, 84 + 85 + 238 + 18 + 34 pp. [1804-03-07]External_link: 179. Senior synonym of Myrmica laevinodis (and its junior synonyms Myrmica bruesi, Myrmica champlaini, Myrmica longiscapus): Yarrow, 1955cYarrow, I. H. H. 1955c. The type species of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B 24:113-115. [1955-06-22] PDFExternal_link: 114; Arnol'di, 1970bArnol'di, K. V. 1970b. Review of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the European part of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 49:1829-1844. [1970-12] PDFExternal_link: 1839; Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. [1977-06] PDFExternal_link}: 115; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 530; Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 52; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; of Myrmica europaea: Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowska, 1997Radchenko, A. G.; Czechowski, W.; Czechowska, W. 1997. The genus Myrmica Latr. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Poland - a survey of species and a key for their identification. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 47:481-500. [1997-12-31]External_link: 483; Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 17; of Myrmica microrubra: Steiner, Schlick-Steiner, Konrad, et al. 2006: 777. Current subspecies: nominal plus Myrmica rubra khamensis, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis. See also: Emery, 1908aEmery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:165-205. [1908-03-01] PDFExternal_link: 169; Brian & Brian, 1949Brian, M. V.; Brian, A. D. 1949. Observations on the taxonomy of the ants Myrmica rubra L. and M. laevinodis Nylander. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae.). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 100:393-409. [1949-12-30] PDFExternal_link: 393; Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1350; Pearson, 1981Pearson, B. 1981. The electrophoretic determination of Myrmica rubra microgynes as a social parasite: possible significance in the evolution of ant social parasites. Pp. 75-84 in: Howse, P. E.; Clement, J.-L. (eds.) 1981. Biosystematics of social insects. Systematics Association Special Volume No. 19. London: Academic Press, 346 pp. [1981]External_link: 75; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; Onoyama, 1989aOnoyama, K. 1989a. Confirmation of the occurrence of Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan with taxonomic and ecological notes. Japanese Journal of Entomology 57:131-135. [1989-03-25] PDFExternal_link: 131; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. [In Bulgarian.]. Fauna na Bûlgariya 22:1-310. [1992-11]External_link: 83; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp. [2010-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 228.
Genera
Acalama Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Acanthidris Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthognathus Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthomyrmex Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acidomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acrocoelia Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acromyrmex Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acrostigma Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Adelomyrmex Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adlerzia Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Aeromyrma Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Afromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afroxyidris Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Alistruma Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Allomerus Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allopheidole Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Amauromyrmex Geognomicus Pentastruma
Ancyridris Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Aneleus Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergates Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergatides Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anillomyrma Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anisopheidole Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Ankylomyrma Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Species
aborigenica hellenica puerilis
adelaidae helleri pulchella
ademonia heterorhytida punctata
adrijae himalayana punctinops
aemula hirsuta punctiventris
afghanica hirtula punica
agilis hlavaci pusilla
ahngeri humilis pyrenaea
aimonissabaudiae hunteri quadrispinosa
alajensis hyungokae quebecensis
alaskensis impura radchenkoi
albuferensis incerta ravasinii
aldrichi incompleta recedens
algirica incurvata rediana
aloba indica religiosa
alperti inezae reticulata
alpestris inflecta reticulata
alpina infuscata rhynchophora
amaurocyclia inornata rhytida
americana insolens rigatoi
anatolica intermedia ritae
angulata intermedia rolandi
angulinodis interrupta rubra
angusticollis inucta rubriceps
angustifrons iranica rudis
angustula irritans rufa
apennina isfahani ruficeps
aquia iskanderi rufitarsis
archaica jacobsoni rufotestacea
arduennae jennyae rugiceps
arisana jessensis rugifrons
arnoldii jucunda ruginodiformis
aspersa juglandeti ruginodis
assimilis kabylica ruginodolaevinodis
atlantica kamtschatica rugiventris
atomaria kamyschiensis rugosa
atra karavajevi rugosa
atratula kasczenkoi rugososmythiesi
bactriana khamensis rugulosa
baikalensis kieviensis rugulosoides
bakurianica kirbii rugulososcabrinodis
balcanica kirghisorum rugulososcabrinodis
barbata kirgisica rupestris
barchanica kollari russula
basalis koreana ruzskyana
beesoni kothiensis ruzskyi
bergi kotokui ruzskyi
bergiana kozakorum sabeana
bessarabicus kozlovi sabuleti
betuliana kryzhanovskii saevissima
bibikoffi kurokii salina
bicarinata kuschei sallei
bicolor kutteri samnitica
bicolor lacteipennis sancta
bidens lacustris saposhnikovi
bidentata laevigata saxicola
birulensis laevinodis scabrata
blanda laevinodoruginodis scabrinodis
boltoni laevissima scabrinodoides
bradleyi laeviuscula scabrinodolobicornis
brancuccii lampra scabrinodorugulosa
breviceps latifrons scabrinodosabuleti
brevinodis laurae scabrosa
brevipennis lemasnei scalpturata
brevispina leonina schencki
brevispinosa limanica schenckioides
bruesi lineolata schoedli
brunescens lippula schulzi
burtshakabramovitshi lissahorensis sculptiventris
busoni littoralis seminigra
cachmiriensis lobata semiparasitica
cadusa lobicornis semipolita
caeca lobicornosulcinodis serica
cagnianti lobifrons siciliana
californica lobulicornis silvestrianum
canadensis lonae silvestrii
carbonaria longiceps simillima
carbonaria longipes simpliciuscula
carinata longiscapus sinensis
cariniceps longisculpta sinica
castanea longispinosa sinoschencki
caucasica lucidula slobodensis
caucasicola luctuosa slovaca
cerasi lulakeranica smythiesii
champlaini lundii sontica
chersonensis luteola sordidula
chinensis lutescens spatulata
cingulata lyncea specioides
clandestina macrocephala speciolosa
clypeata macrogyna specularis
coeca maligna spinosior
colax margaritae stangeana
collingwoodi martensi starki
columbiana marylandica strandi
commarginata medvedevi striata
concinna mekongi striatula
consternens melanocephala striolagaster
constricta mellea subacuta
contigua mexicana subalpina
corrugata microgyna subalpina
corticalis microrubra subaltaica
crassirugis minima subbrevispinosa
curiosa minkii sublaevis
cursor minuta sublanuginosa
curvispinosa minuta subopaca
curvithorax minuta subopaca
dagmarae mirabilis subrubra
daurica mixta sulcinodis
debilior modesta sulcinodoides
debilis moesta sulcinodolobicornis
decedens molassica sulcinodoruginodis
dentata molefaciens sulcinodorugulosa
denticornis molesta sulcinodoscabrinodis
deplanata montana sulcinodoscabrinodis
derzhavini monticola suspiciosa
detritinodis moravica svartshevskii
dicaporiaccoi multiplex symbiotica
diffusa muscorum taediosa
diligens mutata tahoensis
diluta mutica taibaiensis
dimidiata myrmecophila tamarae
discontinua myrmicoxena tarbinskii
displicentia nearctica tarda
divergens nebulosa tenuispina
diversa nefaria terminalis
dolens neglecta testaceopilosa
domestica neolaevinodis testaceus
draco nevodovskii texana
dshungarica nigripes thoracica
duisburgi nitida tianshanica
eidmanni nitidula tibetana
elbrusi nodicornis tigreensis
elmesi novaeboracensis tipuna
emeryana nylanderi titanica
emeryi obensis tobiasi
eocenica oblonga trachylissa
ereptrix obscura transsibirica
erythrothorax obscurata transversa
europaea obsoleta transversinodis
everesti occidentalis trinodis
excelsa ominosa triplarina
exigua onoyamai tristis
exigua opaca trullicornis
eximia opposita tschekanovskii
faniensis ordinaria tshuliensis
ferganensis orientalis tulinae
flavidula orthostyla turcica
fodicus pachei typhlops
forcipata paleata umbripennis
foreli pallida urbanii
foreliana pallidula ussuriensis
foreliella paradoxa vandeli
formosa parallela varisculpta
formosae pararitae vastator
fortior parasitica venusta
fortior parvula vexator
fracticornis pechi vicaria
fragilis pedestris villosa
frigida pellucida virulens
furva pelops vittata
fuscipennis perelegans wardi
fuscula persiana weberi
galbula pertinax weii
gallienii petita wesmaeli
gayi phalacra wheeleri
georgica pilinodis wheelerorum
gigantea pilosiscapus whymperi
glaber pinetorum williamsi
glacialis pisarskii winterae
globularia plana wittmeri
glyciphila pleiorhytida xavieri
gracilescens poldii yamanei
gracillima polita yoshiokai
grandis polyglypta yunnanensis
granulinodis poneroides zhengi
hamulata pradella zojae
hecate pseudorugosa

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key