Myrmica rubra(Linnaeus, 1758)valid

1 valid subspecies (5 synonyms, 1 unidentifiable, 2 unavailable)

Formica rubra Linnaeus, 1758Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, 824 pp. [1758-01-01] PDFExternal_link: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntWeb AntWiki
Latreille, 1802aLatreille, P. A. 1802a. Histoire naturelle des fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Paris: Impr. Crapelet (chez T. Barrois), xvi + 445 pp. [1802-04]External_link: 248 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953aWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953a ("1952"). The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Myrmicini. Psyche (Cambridge) 59:105-125. [1953-01-30] PDFExternal_link: 118 (l.); Hauschteck, 1965Hauschteck, E. 1965. Halbe haploide Chromosomenzahl im Hoden von Myrmica sulcinodis Nyl. (Formicidae). Experientia (Basel) 21:323-325. [1965-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 325 (k.). Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1804Latreille, P. A. 1804. Tableau méthodique des insectes. Pp. 129-200 in: Société de Naturalistes et d'Agriculteurs 1804. Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle. Tome 24. Paris: Déterville, 84 + 85 + 238 + 18 + 34 pp. [1804-03-07]External_link: 179. Senior synonym of Myrmica laevinodis (and its junior synonyms Myrmica bruesi, Myrmica champlaini, Myrmica longiscapus): Yarrow, 1955cYarrow, I. H. H. 1955c. The type species of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B 24:113-115. [1955-06-22] PDFExternal_link: 114; Arnol'di, 1970bArnol'di, K. V. 1970b. Review of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the European part of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 49:1829-1844. [1970-12] PDFExternal_link: 1839; Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. [1977-06] PDFExternal_link}: 115; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 530; Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 52; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; of Myrmica europaea: Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowska, 1997Radchenko, A. G.; Czechowski, W.; Czechowska, W. 1997. The genus Myrmica Latr. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Poland - a survey of species and a key for their identification. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 47:481-500. [1997-12-31]External_link: 483; Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 17; of Myrmica microrubra: Steiner, Schlick-Steiner, Konrad, et al. 2006: 777. Current subspecies: nominal plus Myrmica rubra khamensis, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis. See also: Emery, 1908aEmery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:165-205. [1908-03-01] PDFExternal_link: 169; Brian & Brian, 1949Brian, M. V.; Brian, A. D. 1949. Observations on the taxonomy of the ants Myrmica rubra L. and M. laevinodis Nylander. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae.). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 100:393-409. [1949-12-30] PDFExternal_link: 393; Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1350; Pearson, 1981Pearson, B. 1981. The electrophoretic determination of Myrmica rubra microgynes as a social parasite: possible significance in the evolution of ant social parasites. Pp. 75-84 in: Howse, P. E.; Clement, J.-L. (eds.) 1981. Biosystematics of social insects. Systematics Association Special Volume No. 19. London: Academic Press, 346 pp. [1981]External_link: 75; Seifert, 1988bSeifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3):1-75. [1988-10-12]External_link: 5; Onoyama, 1989aOnoyama, K. 1989a. Confirmation of the occurrence of Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan with taxonomic and ecological notes. Japanese Journal of Entomology 57:131-135. [1989-03-25] PDFExternal_link: 131; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. [In Bulgarian.]. Fauna na Bûlgariya 22:1-310. [1992-11]External_link: 83; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp. [2010-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 228.
Genera
Acalama Epoecus Oxygyne
Acanthidris Epopostruma Oxyidris
Acanthognathus Equestrimessor Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex Erebomyrma Paedalgus
Acidomyrmex Eriopheidole Palaeatta
Acrocoelia Eucryptocerus Paracrema
Acromyrmex Euophthalma Paracryptocerus
Acrostigma Eurhopalothrix Parameranoplus
Adelomyrmex Eutetramorium Paramycetophylax
Adlerzia Exocryptocerus Paramyrmica
Aeromyrma Fallomyrma Paranamyrma
Afromyrma Forelifidis Paraphacota
Afroxyidris Forelomyrmex Paraphaenogaster
Alistruma Formicoxenus Parapheidole
Allomerus Formosimyrma Paratopula
Allopheidole Fushunomyrmex Parholcomyrmex
Amauromyrmex Gallardomyrma Parvimyrma
Ancyridris Gauromyrmex Pentastruma
Aneleus Geognomicus Perissomyrmex
Anergates Glamyromyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergatides Glyptomyrmex Phacota
Anillomyrma Goaligongidris Phalacromyrmex
Anisopheidole Goniomma Pharaophanes
Ankylomyrma Goniothorax Pheidolacanthinus
Antichthonidris Granisolenopsis Pheidole
Antillaemyrmex Gymnomyrmex Pheidologeton
Aphaenogaster Hagioxenus Phidola
Apomyrmex Harnedia Phidole
Apsychomyrmex Harpagoxenus Phidologeton
Apterostigma Hendecapheidole Physatta
Aratromyrmex Hendecatella Physocrema
Archaeomyrmex Heptacondylus Pilotrochus
Archeatta Heptastruma Planimyrma
Arctomyrmex Hercynia Platystruma
Arnoldidris Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Asemorhoptrum Heteromyrmex Podomyrma
Asketogenys Hexadaceton Poecilomyrma
Aspididris Holcomyrmex Pogonomyrmex
Atopogyne Huberia Polyhomoa
Atopomyrmex Hylidris Pristomyrmex
Atopula Hylomyrma Proatta
Atta Hypocryptocerus Procryptocerus
Attaichnus Hypopomyrmex Prodicroaspis
Attomyrma Icothorax Promeranoplus
Attopsis Idrisella Promyrma
Austromorium Ilemomyrmex Propodilobus
Baracidris Indomyrma Propodomyrma
Bariamyrma Ireneella Proscopomyrmex
Basiceros Ireneidris Prosopidris
Bilobomyrma Ireneopone Protalaridris
Bisolenopsis Irogera Protholcomyrmex
Blepharidatta Ischnomyrmex Protomognathus
Boltonidris Ishakidris Protomyrmica
Bondroitia Isolcomyrmex Pseudoatta
Borgmeierita Isopheidole Pseudopodomyrma
Brachytarsites Janetia Pyramica
Brownidris Kalathomyrmex Quadristruma
Bruchomyrma Kartidris Quadrulicapito
Brunella Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Calyptomyrmex Labauchena Recurvidris
Cardiocondyla Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiopheidole Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Carebara Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebarella Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarelloides Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Cataulacus Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Caulomyrma Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Cephalomorium Leonomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptomyrma Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Leptothorax Secostruma
Cephaloxys Lilidris Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Limnomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Liomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lobomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Lonchomyrmex Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Loncyda Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lophomyrmex Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lordomyrma Solenops
Cladarogenys Lundella Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Machomyrma Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischa Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macromischoides Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Macropheidole Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmoxenus Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Nematocrema Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Neoatta Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoblepharidatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neomyrma Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neostruma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dorothea Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyclona Nothidris Vombisidris
Dyomorium Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Dysedrognathus Notomyrmex Weberidris
Elasmopheidole Novomessor Weberistruma
Electromyrmex Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Electropheidole Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Emeryia Octella Wheeleriella
Eneria Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Enneamerus Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenidris Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eocenomyrma Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Eomyrmex Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Epelysidris Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Ephebomyrmex Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epiatta Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epimyrma Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epipheidole Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epitritus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epixenus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Species
aborigenica hellenica puerilis
adelaidae helleri pulchella
ademonia heterorhytida punctata
adrijae himalayana punctinops
aemula hirsuta punctiventris
afghanica hirtula punica
agilis hlavaci pusilla
ahngeri humilis pyrenaea
aimonissabaudiae hunteri quadrispinosa
alajensis hyungokae quebecensis
alaskensis impura radchenkoi
albuferensis incerta ravasinii
aldrichi incompleta recedens
algirica incurvata rediana
aloba indica religiosa
alperti inezae reticulata
alpestris inflecta reticulata
alpina infuscata rhynchophora
amaurocyclia inornata rhytida
americana insolens rigatoi
anatolica intermedia ritae
angulata intermedia rolandi
angulinodis interrupta rubra
angusticollis inucta rubriceps
angustifrons iranica rudis
angustula irritans rufa
apennina isfahani ruficeps
aquia iskanderi rufitarsis
archaica jacobsoni rufotestacea
arduennae jennyae rugiceps
arisana jessensis rugifrons
arnoldii jucunda ruginodiformis
aspersa juglandeti ruginodis
assimilis jurinei ruginodolaevinodis
atlantica kabylica rugiventris
atomaria kamtschatica rugosa
atra kamyschiensis rugosa
atratula karavajevi rugososmythiesi
bactriana kasczenkoi rugulosa
baikalensis khamensis rugulosoides
bakurianica kieviensis rugulososcabrinodis
balcanica kirbii rugulososcabrinodis
barbata kirghisorum rupestris
barchanica kirgisica russula
basalis kollari ruzskyana
beesoni koreana ruzskyi
bergi kothiensis ruzskyi
bergiana kotokui sabeana
bessarabicus kozakorum sabuleti
betuliana kozlovi saevissima
bibikoffi kryzhanovskii salina
bicarinata kurokii sallei
bicolor kuschei samnitica
bicolor kutteri sancta
bidens lacteipennis saposhnikovi
bidentata lacustris saxicola
birulensis laevigata scabrata
blanda laevinodis scabrinodis
boltoni laevinodoruginodis scabrinodoides
bradleyi laevissima scabrinodolobicornis
brancuccii laeviuscula scabrinodorugulosa
bremii lampra scabrinodosabuleti
breviceps latifrons scabrosa
brevinodis laurae scalpturata
brevipennis lemasnei schencki
brevispina leonina schenckioides
brevispinosa limanica schoedli
bruesi lineolata schulzi
brunescens lippula sculptiventris
burtshakabramovitshi lissahorensis seminigra
busoni littoralis semiparasitica
cachmiriensis lobata semipolita
cadusa lobicornis serica
caeca lobicornosulcinodis siciliana
cagnianti lobifrons silvestrianum
californica lobulicornis silvestrii
canadensis lonae simillima
carbonaria longiceps simpliciuscula
carbonaria longipes sinensis
carinata longiscapus sinica
cariniceps longisculpta sinoschencki
castanea longispinosa slobodensis
caucasica lucidula slovaca
caucasicola luctuosa smythiesii
cerasi lulakeranica sontica
champlaini lundii sordidula
chersonensis luteola spatulata
chinensis lutescens specioides
cingulata lyncea speciolosa
clandestina macrocephala specularis
clypeata macrogyna spinosior
coeca maligna stangeana
colax margaritae starki
collingwoodi martensi strandi
columbiana marylandica striata
commarginata medvedevi striatula
concinna mekongi striolagaster
consternens melanocephala subacuta
constricta mellea subalpina
contigua mexicana subalpina
corrugata microgyna subaltaica
corticalis microrubra subbrevispinosa
crassirugis minima sublaevis
curiosa minkii sublanuginosa
cursor minuta subopaca
curvispinosa minuta subopaca
curvithorax minuta subrubra
dagmarae mirabilis sulcinodis
daurica mixta sulcinodoides
debilior modesta sulcinodolobicornis
debilis moesta sulcinodoruginodis
decedens molassica sulcinodorugulosa
dentata molefaciens sulcinodoscabrinodis
denticornis molesta sulcinodoscabrinodis
deplanata montana suspiciosa
derzhavini monticola svartshevskii
detritinodis moravica symbiotica
dicaporiaccoi multiplex taediosa
diffusa muscorum tahoensis
diligens mutata taibaiensis
diluta mutica tamarae
dimidiata myrmecophila tarbinskii
discontinua myrmicoxena tarda
displicentia nearctica tenuispina
divergens nebulosa terminalis
diversa nefaria tertiaria
dolens neglecta testaceopilosa
domestica neolaevinodis testaceus
draco nevodovskii texana
dshungarica nigripes thoracica
duisburgi nitida tianshanica
eidmanni nitidula tibetana
elbrusi nodicornis tigreensis
elmesi novaeboracensis tipuna
emeryana nylanderi titanica
emeryi obensis tobiasi
eocenica oblonga trachylissa
ereptrix obscura transsibirica
erythrothorax obscurata transversa
europaea obsoleta transversinodis
everesti occidentalis trinodis
excelsa ominosa triplarina
exigua onoyamai tristis
exigua opaca trullicornis
eximia opposita tschekanovskii
faniensis ordinaria tshuliensis
ferganensis orientalis tulinae
flavidula orthostyla turcica
fodicus pachei typhlops
forcipata paleata umbripennis
foreli pallida urbanii
foreliana pallidula ussuriensis
foreliella paradoxa vandeli
formosa parallela varisculpta
formosae pararitae vastator
fortior parasitica venusta
fortior parvula vexator
fracticornis pechi vicaria
fragilis pedestris villosa
frigida pellucida virulens
furva pelops vittata
fuscipennis perelegans wardi
fuscula persiana weberi
galbula pertinax weii
gallienii petita wesmaeli
gayi phalacra wheeleri
georgica pilinodis wheelerorum
gigantea pilosiscapus whymperi
glaber pinetorum williamsi
glacialis pisarskii winterae
globularia plana wittmeri
glyciphila pleiorhytida xavieri
gracilescens poldii yamanei
gracillima polita yoshiokai
grandis polyglypta yunnanensis
granulinodis poneroides zhengi
hamulata pradella zojae
hecate pseudorugosa

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key