AphaenogasterMayr, 1853validmasculine

Extant: 183 valid species (17 synonyms, 5 homonyms, 1 unavailable), 41 valid subspecies (32 synonyms, 2 homonyms, 11 unavailable)

Fossil: 19 valid species

Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853cMayr, G. 1853c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Ameisen. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 3:101-114. [1853] PDFExternal_link: 107 . Type-species: Aphaenogaster sardoa, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 270. AntWeb AntWiki
Aphaenogaster in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 466 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 461 [Myrmicidae]; Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 260 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 98. Aphaenogaster in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1891cForel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. 1891. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. [1891] PDFExternal_link: 166; Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 129; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 58; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 140; Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 53; Santschi, 1932dSantschi, F. 1932d. Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes orientales néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. le Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique (2)4:11-29. [1932-10-15]External_link: 13; Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 22 (anachronism). Aphaenogaster in Myrmicinae, Aphaenogastrini: Enzmann, 1947bEnzmann, J. 1947b. New forms of Aphaenogaster and Novomessor. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 55:147-152. [1947-05-26]External_link: 147. Aphaenogaster in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81 [Pheidolidae]; Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 40; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 241; Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01]External_link: 55 [subtribe Stenammini]; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 661; Brown, 1949aBrown, W. L., Jr. 1949a. Synonymic and other notes on Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Psyche (Cambridge) 56:41-49. [1949-05-17] PDFExternal_link}: 48; Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 131; all subsequent authors. Aphaenogaster as junior synonym of Atta: Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 395. Aphaenogaster as subgenus of Stenamma: Emery, 1895dEmery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:257-360. [1895-05-11] PDFExternal_link: 298; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 693. Aphaenogaster as genus: Emery, 1908dEmery, C. 1908d. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.) III. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungengruppe. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:305-338. [1908-05-01] PDFExternal_link: 309; all subsequent authors.
Genus Aphaenogaster references
Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 466 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 29 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDFExternal_link: 92 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 26:1-452. [1874] PDFExternal_link: 74 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04]External_link: 348 (Europe & Algeria species key); Mayr, 1886dMayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 36:419-464. [1886-12] PDFExternal_link: 443 (U.S.A. species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 260 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1888Emery, C. 1888. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza (Supplemento). Formiche raccolte dal sig. Elio Modigliani in Sumatra e nell'isola Nias. Dummy reference. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 25[=(2)5]:528-534.External_link: 531 (Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex) species key); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 74 (Russia species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link: 98 (catalogue); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 693 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 270 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 714 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1908dEmery, C. 1908d. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.) III. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungengruppe. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908:305-338. [1908-05-01] PDFExternal_link: 310 (Palaearctic species key); Bondroit, 1910Bondroit, J. 1910 ("1909"). Les fourmis de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53:479-500. [1910-01-05] PDFExternal_link: 495 (Belgium species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 132 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916rWheeler, W. M. 1916r. Formicoidea. Formicidae. Pp. 577-601 in: Viereck, H. L. 1916. Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part III. The Hymenoptera, or wasp-like insects, of Connecticut. Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey. Bulletin 22:1-824. [1916]External_link: 585 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Wheeler, 1916nWheeler, W. M. 1916n. The Australian ants of the genus Aphaenogaster Mayr. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 40:213-223. [1916-12-23] PDFExternal_link: 213 (Australia species); Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDFExternal_link: 156 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01]External_link: 55 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01]External_link: 56, 61, 64, 65 (Attomyrma); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01]External_link: 66 (Novomessor diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 680 (subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 1016, 1029 (Aphaenogaster, Brunella catalogues); Wheeler & Creighton, 1934Wheeler, W. M.; Creighton, W. S. 1934. A study of the ant genera Novomessor and Veromessor. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 69:341-387. [1934-09] PDFExternal_link: 348 (Novomessor species key); Menozzi, 1939aMenozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 78:285-345. [1939-10] PDFExternal_link: 296 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. [1939]External_link: 112 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941bKratochvíl, J. 1941b. [Untitled. New subgenera of Tetramorium, and a new subspecies, Tetramorium ferox silhavyi, attributed to Kratochvíl.]. P. 84 in: Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. [1941]External_link: 81 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. PDFExternal_link: 81 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDFExternal_link: 363 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 284 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 140, 155 (North America Aphaenogaster, Novomessor species keys); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 131 (Asia checklist); Smith, 1961bSmith, M. R. 1961b. A study of New Guinea ants of the genus Aphaenogaster Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Hymenopterologica 1:213-238. [1961-05-31] PDFExternal_link: 218 (New Guinea species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 336 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 128 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 22, 166 (Neotropical Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma), Novomessor catalogues); Arnol'di, 1976bArnol'di, K. V. 1976b. Review of the genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the USSR. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 55:1019-1026. [1976-07] PDFExternal_link: 1023 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977]External_link: 77 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 536 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 79 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1359 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982Allred, D. M. 1982. Ants of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 42:415-511. [1982-12-31]External_link: 439 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 54 (Australia catalogue); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985]External_link: 298 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986gWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986g. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDFExternal_link: 35 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 8 (Australia checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 269 (Balkans species key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 79 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 211 (Turkmenistan species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 326 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 15 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 107 (Bulgaria species key); Schulz, 1994aSchulz, A. 1994a. Aphaenogaster graeca nova species (Hym: Formicidae) aus dem Olymp-Gebirge (Griechenland) und eine Gliederung der Gattung Aphaenogaster. Beiträge zur Entomologie 44:417-429. [1994-06-24] PDFExternal_link: 425 (Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma), partial key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 29 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 68 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 110 (China species key); Umphrey, 1996Umphrey, G. J. 1996. Morphometric discrimination among sibling species in the fulva-rudis-texana complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 74:528-559. PDFExternal_link: 557 (North America Aphaenogaster fulva complex key); Cagniant, 1996ACagniant, H. 1996A. Les Aphaenogaster du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)32:67-85. [1996-03-29]External_link: 67 (Morocco species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 156 (Central Europe species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 13 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 126 (Australia synopsis); Park & Kim, 2000: 108 (Korea species key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 142 (China, Guangxi species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 60 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Longino & Cover, 2004Longino, J. T.; Cover, S. 2004. A revision of the Aphaenogaster phalangium complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 655:1-12. [2004-09-27] PDFExternal_link: 1 (Aphaenogaster phalangium complex revision); Radchenko, 2005BRadchenko, A. 2005B. Monographic revision of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of North Korea. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 55:127-221. [2005-06-30] PDFExternal_link: 192 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04]External_link: 144 (North and Central Europe species key); Shattuck, 2008AShattuck, S. O. 2008A. Australian ants of the genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1677:25-45. [2008-01-11] PDFExternal_link: 27 (Australia species revision, key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 164 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 144 (south-western Australia species key); Kiran & Alipanah, 2013Kiran, K.; Alipanah, H. 2013. Aphaenogaster iranica Kiran et Alipanah, sp. nov. Pp. 46-49 in: Kiran, K.; Alipanah, H.; Paknia, O. 2013. A new species of the ant genus Aphaenogaster Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Asian Myrmecology 5:45-51. [2013-03-13] PDFExternal_link (Iranian species key); Boer, 2013Boer, P. 2013. Revision of the European ants of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 156:57-93. PDFExternal_link (testaceopilosa-group diagnosis, description revision, Europe species synopsis, Europe species key for workers, gynes and males; Europe Aphaenogaster species key).
Genera
Acalama Epoecus Oxygyne
Acanthidris Epopostruma Oxyidris
Acanthognathus Equestrimessor Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex Erebomyrma Paedalgus
Acidomyrmex Eriopheidole Palaeatta
Acrocoelia Eucryptocerus Paracrema
Acromyrmex Euophthalma Paracryptocerus
Acrostigma Eurhopalothrix Parameranoplus
Adelomyrmex Eutetramorium Paramycetophylax
Adlerzia Exocryptocerus Paramyrmica
Aeromyrma Fallomyrma Paranamyrma
Afromyrma Forelifidis Paraphacota
Afroxyidris Forelomyrmex Paraphaenogaster
Alistruma Formicoxenus Parapheidole
Allomerus Formosimyrma Paratopula
Allopheidole Fushunomyrmex Parholcomyrmex
Amauromyrmex Gallardomyrma Parvimyrma
Ancyridris Gauromyrmex Pentastruma
Aneleus Geognomicus Perissomyrmex
Anergates Glamyromyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergatides Glyptomyrmex Phacota
Anillomyrma Goaligongidris Phalacromyrmex
Anisopheidole Goniomma Pharaophanes
Ankylomyrma Goniothorax Pheidolacanthinus
Antichthonidris Granisolenopsis Pheidole
Antillaemyrmex Gymnomyrmex Pheidologeton
Aphaenogaster Hagioxenus Phidola
Apomyrmex Harnedia Phidole
Apsychomyrmex Harpagoxenus Phidologeton
Apterostigma Hendecapheidole Physatta
Aratromyrmex Hendecatella Physocrema
Archaeomyrmex Heptacondylus Pilotrochus
Archeatta Heptastruma Planimyrma
Arctomyrmex Hercynia Platystruma
Arnoldidris Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Asemorhoptrum Heteromyrmex Podomyrma
Asketogenys Hexadaceton Poecilomyrma
Aspididris Holcomyrmex Pogonomyrmex
Atopogyne Huberia Polyhomoa
Atopomyrmex Hylidris Pristomyrmex
Atopula Hylomyrma Proatta
Atta Hypocryptocerus Procryptocerus
Attaichnus Hypopomyrmex Prodicroaspis
Attomyrma Icothorax Promeranoplus
Attopsis Idrisella Promyrma
Austromorium Ilemomyrmex Propodilobus
Baracidris Indomyrma Propodomyrma
Bariamyrma Ireneella Proscopomyrmex
Basiceros Ireneidris Prosopidris
Bilobomyrma Ireneopone Protalaridris
Bisolenopsis Irogera Protholcomyrmex
Blepharidatta Ischnomyrmex Protomognathus
Boltonidris Ishakidris Protomyrmica
Bondroitia Isolcomyrmex Pseudoatta
Borgmeierita Isopheidole Pseudopodomyrma
Brachytarsites Janetia Pyramica
Brownidris Kalathomyrmex Quadristruma
Bruchomyrma Kartidris Quadrulicapito
Brunella Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Calyptomyrmex Labauchena Recurvidris
Cardiocondyla Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiopheidole Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Carebara Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebarella Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarelloides Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Cataulacus Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Caulomyrma Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Cephalomorium Leonomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptomyrma Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Leptothorax Secostruma
Cephaloxys Lilidris Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Limnomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Liomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lobomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Lonchomyrmex Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Loncyda Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lophomyrmex Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lordomyrma Solenops
Cladarogenys Lundella Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Machomyrma Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischa Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macromischoides Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Macropheidole Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmoxenus Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Nematocrema Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Neoatta Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoblepharidatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neomyrma Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neostruma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dorothea Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyclona Nothidris Vombisidris
Dyomorium Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Dysedrognathus Notomyrmex Weberidris
Elasmopheidole Novomessor Weberistruma
Electromyrmex Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Electropheidole Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Emeryia Octella Wheeleriella
Eneria Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Enneamerus Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenidris Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eocenomyrma Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Eomyrmex Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Epelysidris Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Ephebomyrmex Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epiatta Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epimyrma Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epipheidole Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epitritus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epixenus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Species
aciculata furvescens phalangium
acoreensis fusca phillipi
aegyptiaca gatesi phillipsi
afra geei picea
aktaci gemella picena
alabamensis georgica pluteicornis
albisetosa gibbosa polyodonta
amphioceanica gigantea poultoni
andrei gonacantha praedo
angulata gracilinodis praenoda
anguliceps gracillima praerelicta
angusta graeca projectens
annandalei grata prudens
anoemica haarlovi pseudoaegyptiaca
antiqua harnedi pumilopuncta
aquia hesperia punctata
aralocaspia hispanica punctaticeps
araneoides holtzi punctithorax
archaica homonyma pusilla
armeniaca honduriana pythia
ashmeadi huachucana quadrispina
atlantis hunanensis radchenkoi
atra iberica reichelae
avita ichnusa relicta
azteca imbellis rhaphidiiceps
bakeri incurviclypea rifensis
balcanica inermis romana
balcanicoides inermis rothneyi
baogong inermita rubida
barbara ionia rudis
barbarastructor ionia rufotestacea
barbigula iranica ruginota
barcinensis irrigua rugosa
baronii isekram rugosoferruginea
beccarii italica rugulosa
beesoni januschevi ruida
belti japonica rupestris
berendti juliana sagei
blanci karpathica saharensis
borealis kervillei sangiorgii
boulderensis kimberleyensis sardoa
brevicollis koniari schaufussi
brevicornis kumejimana schmidti
brevicornis kurdica schmitzi
burri laevior schurri
cabylica laevior semipolita
caeciliae laevis semirufa
calderoni lamellidens senilis
campana lapidescens shanwangensis
canalis laurenti sicardi
canescens ledouxi sicula
carbonaria lenis silvestrii
cardenai lepida silvestrii
carolinensis lesbica simonellii
cavernicola leveillei simulans
cecconii livida sinensis
chorassanica longaeva smithi
clara longiceps smythiesii
clara longispina sommerfeldti
clavata loriai sonorae
cockerelli lusitanica sordida
concolor lustrans spinipes
confinis luteipes spinipes
conica macrospina spinosa
continentis maculata splendida
corsica maculifrons splendidoides
corsica maculipes sporadis
crinimera manni striaticeps
cristata manni striativentris
crocea mariae striatula
croceoides marocana striola
curiosa mauritanica strioloides
curta mayri subcostata
cypriotes mediterrae subexaperata
debilis megommata subrubra
dejeani melitensis subterranea
depilis meridionalis subterraneoides
depressa mersa subterraneosplendida
disjuncta messoroides subterraneostriola
dlusskyi mexicana swammerdami
donann miamiana syria
donisthorpei miniata syriaca
dromedaria minor takahashii
dulciniae minor tennesseensis
dumetora minutula testaceopilosa
ecalcaratum muelleriana texana
edentula muschtaidica theryi
ellipsoida mutica tibetana
ensifera nadigi tinauti
epinotalis nana tingitana
epirotes nicobarensis tipuna
erabu nigra tokarainsulana
espadaleri nigra torossiani
etrusca nigripes transcaucasica
exasperata nitida treatae
expolitus nitidiventris turkestanica
fabulosa numida uinta
fallax obsidiana ujhelyii
famelica occidentalis umphreyi
faureli occidua valida
feae oculata vapida
fengbo oklahomensis verecunda
festae oligocenica vieirai
finzii opposita wangtian
fiorii osimensis wangye
flava ovaticeps weigoldi
flemingi pachei weulersseae
floridana pallescens wheeleri
foreli pallida wheeleri
friederichsi paludosa willowsi
frontosa pannonica wilsoni
fuentei patruelis xuatian
fulva pergandei
funkikoensis perplexa

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key