CephalotesLatreille, 1802validmasculine

Extant: 118 valid species (35 synonyms, 1 homonym, 2 unavailable), (27 synonyms, 6 unavailable)

Fossil: 16 valid species (3 synonyms)

Cephalotes Latreille, 1802bLatreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. [1802-11-06]External_link: 357 . Type-species: Formica atrata, by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
[Type-species not Formica cephalotes, unjustified subsequent designation by Wheeler, 1911gWheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 21:157-175. [1911-10-17] PDFExternal_link: 160; corrected by Wheeler, 1913aWheeler, W. M. 1913a. Corrections and additions to "List of type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 23:77-83. [1913-05-29] PDFExternal_link: 78.]. Cephalotes in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 42; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 246; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 665; Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 303; all subsequent authors to 1949, and Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 79 (anachronism). Cephalotes in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini: Smith, 1949cSmith, M. R. 1949c. On the status of Cryptocerus Latreille and Cephalotes Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Cambridge) 56:18-21. [1949-05-17] PDFExternal_link: 19; Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 105; all subsequent authors except the above. Cephalotes as junior synonym of Cryptocerus: Fabricius, 1804Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. [1804] PDFExternal_link: 419. Cephalotes in Myrmicinae, Attini: Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014Ward, P. S.; Brady, S.G.; Fisher, B. L.; Schultz, T. R. 2014. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology (2014):1-21.External_link: 17.
Genus Cephalotes references
Smith, 1853Smith, F. 1853 ("1854"). Monograph of the genus Cryptocerus, belonging to the group Cryptoceridae - family Myrmicidae - division Hymenoptera Heterogyna. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (2)2:213-228. [1853-12-26] PDFExternal_link: 215 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 187 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 38 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 405 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 25 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link: 140 (catalogue); Santschi, 1920fSantschi, F. 1920f. Nouvelles fourmis du genre Cephalotes Latr. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1920:147-149. [1920-07-20] PDFExternal_link: 149 (species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 665 (Cryptocerus subgenera, key); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 303 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 304 (Zacryptocerus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 305 (Cryptocerus diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 306 (Cephalotes (Paracryptocerus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 308 (Cephalotes (Cryptocerus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 311 (Cephalotes (Cyathocephalus) diagnosis, catalogue); Smith, 1947aSmith, M. R. 1947a. Ants of the genus Cryptocerus F., in the United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 49:29-40. [1947-01-15] PDFExternal_link: 29 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 296 (North America species key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 107 (diagnosis, revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 127 (Eucryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 134 (Zacryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 143 (Hypocryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 153 (Paracryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1952Kempf, W. W. 1952. A synopsis of the pinelii-complex in the genus Paracryptocerus (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 1:1-30. [1952-05-15] PDFExternal_link: 5 (Paracryptocerus pinellii complex revision, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 10 (Argentina Paracryptocerus species key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 64 (Paracryptocerus subgenera, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 66 (Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) species revision, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 145 (Paracryptocerus (Cyathomyrmex) species revision, key); Kempf, 1960fKempf, W. W. 1960f. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)3:417-466. [1960-12-20]External_link: 443 (addition to 1958 key); Snelling, 1968aSnelling, R. R. 1968a. Taxonomic notes on some Mexican cephalotine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 132:1-10. [1968-02-20] PDFExternal_link: 9 (Cephalotes wheeleri complex, key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 75, 107, 120, 175, 259 (Neotropical Cephalotes, Eucryptocerus, Hypocryptocerus, Paracryptocerus, Zacryptocerus catalogues); Kempf, 1974aKempf, W. W. 1974a. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on some Neotropical Cephalotini ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 18:67-76. [1974-08-15] PDFExternal_link: 73 (Paracryptocerus pinelii group, key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1402 (North America catalogue); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 13 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 337, 343, 383 (catalogue); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 140, 189, 424 (catalogue); De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999De Andrade, M. L.; Baroni Urbani, C. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 271:1-889. [1999-05]External_link: 736 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Price, Powell, Kronauer, Tran, Pierce & Wayne, 2014Price, S. L.; Powell, S.; Kronauer, D. J. C.; Tran, L. A. P.; Pierce, N. E.; Wayne, R. K. 2014. Renewed diversification is associated with new ecological opportunity in the Neotropical turtle ants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27:242-258. PDFExternal_link: 244 (phylogeny).
Genera
Acalama Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthidris Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthognathus Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acanthomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acidomyrmex Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acrocoelia Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acromyrmex Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Acrostigma Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adelomyrmex Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Adlerzia Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Aeromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afromyrma Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Afroxyidris Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Alistruma Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allomerus Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Allopheidole Geognomicus Pentastruma
Amauromyrmex Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Ancyridris Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Aneleus Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergates Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anergatides Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anillomyrma Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Anisopheidole Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Species
abdominalis exiguus palta
adolphi femoralis palustris
aethiops fenestralis pampaensis
affinis fervidus patei
alfaroi fides patellaris
alveolatus fiebrigi pavonii
amazonensis flavigaster pellans
angulatus flavomaculatus peltatus
angulosus fleddermanni persimilis
angustus foliaceus persimplex
araneolus fossithorax peruvianus
argentatus frigidus peruviensis
argentiventris gaudens pileini
atratus gibbosus pilosus
auricomus goeldii pinelii
auriger goniodontus placidus
aztecus grandinosus poinari
basalis guayaki porrasi
betoi guttifer prodigiosus
biguttatus haemorrhoidalis pseudoaztecus
bimaculatus hamulus punctatus
bivestitus haytianus pusillus
bloosi hirsutus quadratus
bohlsi hispaniolicus quadridens
boliviensis inaequalis quadriguttatus
borgmeieri inca quadrimaculatus
brevispineus incertus ramiphilus
brevispinosa insularis resinae
bruchi integerrimus ridiculus
caribicus jamaicensis rohweri
caustica jansei rufescens
cearensis jheringi ruficeps
chacmul jocans rufiventris
christopherseni jucundus scutulatus
clarior klugi serraticeps
clypeatus kukulcan serratus
coffeae laminatus setulifer
cognatus lanuginosus signatus
columbicus lenca silvae
complanatus liepini simillimus
conspersus liogaster sobrius
convexus lobigaster solidus
cordatus maculatus sorocabensis
cordiae magdalenensis specularis
cordiventris manni spinosus
crassispina marginata spissus
crenaticeps marginatus squamosus
cristatus maya steinheili
curvispinosus medusa striativentris
curvistriatus membranaceus sucinus
decemspinosus minutus supercilii
decolor mompox taino
decoloratus multispinosus targionii
dehnowi multispinus texanus
denticulatus multistrigus toltecus
dentidorsum nanus trichophorus
depressus nevadensis trivialis
dieteri nilpiei truncatus
discocephalus nitidiventris tucumana
dorbignyanus notatus umbraculatus
dubitatus obscurus unimaculatus
duckei obtusus ustus
ecuadorialis oculatus varians
eduarduli olmecus variegata
elegans opacus ventriosus
elevatus orbis vinosus
ellenriederi pallens volxemi
elongatus pallidicephalus wheeleri
emeryi pallidoides
erectus pallidus

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key