CephalotesLatreille, 1802validmasculine

Extant: 117 valid species (35 synonyms, 1 homonym, 2 unavailable), (27 synonyms, 6 unavailable)

Fossil: 16 valid species (3 synonyms)

Cephalotes Latreille, 1802bLatreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. [1802-11-06]External_link: 357 . Type-species: Formica atrata, by monotypy. AntWeb AntWiki
[Type-species not Formica cephalotes, unjustified subsequent designation by Wheeler, 1911gWheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 21:157-175. [1911-10-17] PDFExternal_link: 160; corrected by Wheeler, 1913aWheeler, W. M. 1913a. Corrections and additions to "List of type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 23:77-83. [1913-05-29] PDFExternal_link: 78.]. Cephalotes in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 42; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 246; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 665; Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 303; all subsequent authors to 1949, and Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 79 (anachronism). Cephalotes in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini: Smith, 1949cSmith, M. R. 1949c. On the status of Cryptocerus Latreille and Cephalotes Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Cambridge) 56:18-21. [1949-05-17] PDFExternal_link: 19; Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 105; all subsequent authors except the above. Cephalotes as junior synonym of Cryptocerus: Fabricius, 1804Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. [1804] PDFExternal_link: 419.
Genus Cephalotes references
Smith, 1853Smith, F. 1853 ("1854"). Monograph of the genus Cryptocerus, belonging to the group Cryptoceridae - family Myrmicidae - division Hymenoptera Heterogyna. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (2)2:213-228. [1853-12-26] PDFExternal_link: 215 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 187 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 38 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 405 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 25 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link: 140 (catalogue); Santschi, 1920fSantschi, F. 1920f. Nouvelles fourmis du genre Cephalotes Latr. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1920:147-149. [1920-07-20] PDFExternal_link: 149 (species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 665 (Cryptocerus subgenera, key); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 303 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 304 (Zacryptocerus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 305 (Cryptocerus diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 306 (Cephalotes (Paracryptocerus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 308 (Cephalotes (Cryptocerus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 311 (Cephalotes (Cyathocephalus) diagnosis, catalogue); Smith, 1947aSmith, M. R. 1947a. Ants of the genus Cryptocerus F., in the United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 49:29-40. [1947-01-15] PDFExternal_link: 29 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 296 (North America species key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 107 (diagnosis, revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 127 (Eucryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 134 (Zacryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 143 (Hypocryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1951Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244. [1951-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 153 (Paracryptocerus species revision, key); Kempf, 1952Kempf, W. W. 1952. A synopsis of the pinelii-complex in the genus Paracryptocerus (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 1:1-30. [1952-05-15] PDFExternal_link: 5 (Paracryptocerus pinellii complex revision, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 10 (Argentina Paracryptocerus species key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 64 (Paracryptocerus subgenera, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 66 (Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) species revision, key); Kempf, 1958aKempf, W. W. 1958a. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)1:1-168. [1958-01-31]External_link: 145 (Paracryptocerus (Cyathomyrmex) species revision, key); Kempf, 1960fKempf, W. W. 1960f. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)3:417-466. [1960-12-20]External_link: 443 (addition to 1958 key); Snelling, 1968aSnelling, R. R. 1968a. Taxonomic notes on some Mexican cephalotine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 132:1-10. [1968-02-20] PDFExternal_link: 9 (Cephalotes wheeleri complex, key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 75, 107, 120, 175, 259 (Neotropical Cephalotes, Eucryptocerus, Hypocryptocerus, Paracryptocerus, Zacryptocerus catalogues); Kempf, 1974aKempf, W. W. 1974a. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on some Neotropical Cephalotini ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 18:67-76. [1974-08-15] PDFExternal_link: 73 (Paracryptocerus pinelii group, key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1402 (North America catalogue); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 13 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 337, 343, 383 (catalogue); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 140, 189, 424 (catalogue); De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999De Andrade, M. L.; Baroni Urbani, C. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 271:1-889. [1999-05]External_link: 736 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Price, Powell, Kronauer, Tran, Pierce & Wayne, 2014Price, S. L.; Powell, S.; Kronauer, D. J. C.; Tran, L. A. P.; Pierce, N. E.; Wayne, R. K. 2014. Renewed diversification is associated with new ecological opportunity in the Neotropical turtle ants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27:242-258. PDFExternal_link: 244 (phylogeny).
Genera
Acalama Epoecus Oxygyne
Acanthidris Epopostruma Oxyidris
Acanthognathus Equestrimessor Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex Erebomyrma Paedalgus
Acidomyrmex Eriopheidole Palaeatta
Acrocoelia Eucryptocerus Paracrema
Acromyrmex Euophthalma Paracryptocerus
Acrostigma Eurhopalothrix Parameranoplus
Adelomyrmex Eutetramorium Paramycetophylax
Adlerzia Exocryptocerus Paramyrmica
Aeromyrma Fallomyrma Paranamyrma
Afromyrma Forelifidis Paraphacota
Afroxyidris Forelomyrmex Paraphaenogaster
Alistruma Formicoxenus Parapheidole
Allomerus Formosimyrma Paratopula
Allopheidole Fushunomyrmex Parholcomyrmex
Amauromyrmex Gallardomyrma Parvimyrma
Ancyridris Gauromyrmex Pentastruma
Aneleus Geognomicus Perissomyrmex
Anergates Glamyromyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergatides Glyptomyrmex Phacota
Anillomyrma Goaligongidris Phalacromyrmex
Anisopheidole Goniomma Pharaophanes
Ankylomyrma Goniothorax Pheidolacanthinus
Antichthonidris Granisolenopsis Pheidole
Antillaemyrmex Gymnomyrmex Pheidologeton
Aphaenogaster Hagioxenus Phidola
Apomyrmex Harnedia Phidole
Apsychomyrmex Harpagoxenus Phidologeton
Apterostigma Hendecapheidole Physatta
Aratromyrmex Hendecatella Physocrema
Archaeomyrmex Heptacondylus Pilotrochus
Archeatta Heptastruma Planimyrma
Arctomyrmex Hercynia Platystruma
Arnoldidris Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Asemorhoptrum Heteromyrmex Podomyrma
Asketogenys Hexadaceton Poecilomyrma
Aspididris Holcomyrmex Pogonomyrmex
Atopogyne Huberia Polyhomoa
Atopomyrmex Hylidris Pristomyrmex
Atopula Hylomyrma Proatta
Atta Hypocryptocerus Procryptocerus
Attaichnus Hypopomyrmex Prodicroaspis
Attomyrma Icothorax Promeranoplus
Attopsis Idrisella Promyrma
Austromorium Ilemomyrmex Propodilobus
Baracidris Indomyrma Propodomyrma
Bariamyrma Ireneella Proscopomyrmex
Basiceros Ireneidris Prosopidris
Bilobomyrma Ireneopone Protalaridris
Bisolenopsis Irogera Protholcomyrmex
Blepharidatta Ischnomyrmex Protomognathus
Boltonidris Ishakidris Protomyrmica
Bondroitia Isolcomyrmex Pseudoatta
Borgmeierita Isopheidole Pseudopodomyrma
Brachytarsites Janetia Pyramica
Brownidris Kalathomyrmex Quadristruma
Bruchomyrma Kartidris Quadrulicapito
Brunella Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Calyptomyrmex Labauchena Recurvidris
Cardiocondyla Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiopheidole Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Carebara Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebarella Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarelloides Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Cataulacus Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Caulomyrma Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Cephalomorium Leonomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptomyrma Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Leptothorax Secostruma
Cephaloxys Lilidris Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Limnomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Liomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lobomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Lonchomyrmex Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Loncyda Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lophomyrmex Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lordomyrma Solenops
Cladarogenys Lundella Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Machomyrma Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischa Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macromischoides Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Macropheidole Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmoxenus Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Nematocrema Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Neoatta Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoblepharidatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neomyrma Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neostruma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dorothea Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyclona Nothidris Vombisidris
Dyomorium Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Dysedrognathus Notomyrmex Weberidris
Elasmopheidole Novomessor Weberistruma
Electromyrmex Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Electropheidole Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Emeryia Octella Wheeleriella
Eneria Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Enneamerus Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenidris Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eocenomyrma Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Eomyrmex Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Epelysidris Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Ephebomyrmex Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epiatta Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epimyrma Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epipheidole Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epitritus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epixenus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Species
abdominalis erectus pallidoides
adolphi exiguus pallidus
aethiops femoralis palta
affinis fenestralis palustris
alfaroi fervidus pampaensis
alveolatus fides patei
amazonensis fiebrigi patellaris
angulatus flavigaster pavonii
angulosus flavomaculatus pellans
angustus fleddermanni peltatus
araneolus foliaceus persimilis
argentatus fossithorax persimplex
argentiventris frigidus peruvianus
atratus gaudens peruviensis
auricomus gibbosus pileini
auriger goeldii pilosus
aztecus goniodontus pinelii
basalis grandinosus placidus
betoi guayaki poinari
biguttatus guttifer porrasi
bimaculatus haemorrhoidalis prodigiosus
bivestitus hamulus pseudoaztecus
bloosi haytianus punctatus
bohlsi hirsutus pusillus
boliviensis hispaniolicus quadratus
borgmeieri inaequalis quadridens
brevispineus inca quadriguttatus
brevispinosa incertus quadrimaculatus
bruchi insularis ramiphilus
caribicus integerrimus resinae
caustica jamaicensis ridiculus
cearensis jansei rohweri
chacmul jheringi rufescens
christopherseni jocans ruficeps
clarior jucundus rufiventris
clypeatus klugi scutulatus
coffeae kukulcan serraticeps
cognatus laminatus serratus
columbicus lanuginosus setulifer
complanatus lenca signatus
conspersus liepini silvae
convexus liogaster simillimus
cordatus lobigaster sobrius
cordiae maculatus solidus
cordiventris magdalenensis sorocabensis
crassispina manni spinosus
crenaticeps marginata spissus
cristatus marginatus squamosus
curvispinosus maya steinheili
curvistriatus medusa striativentris
decemspinosus membranaceus sucinus
decolor minutus supercilii
decoloratus mompox taino
dehnowi multispinosus targionii
denticulatus multispinus texanus
dentidorsum multistrigus toltecus
depressus nanus trichophorus
dieteri nevadensis trivialis
discocephalus nilpiei truncatus
dorbignyanus nitidiventris tucumana
dubitatus notatus umbraculatus
duckei obscurus unimaculatus
ecuadorialis obtusus ustus
eduarduli oculatus varians
elegans olmecus variegata
elevatus opacus ventriosus
ellenriederi orbis vinosus
elongatus pallens volxemi
emeryi pallidicephalus wheeleri

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key