FormicaLinnaeus, 1758validmasculine

Extant: 175 valid species (75 synonyms, 5 homonyms, 78 unidentifiable, 15 unavailable, 1 excluded from Formicidae), 25 valid subspecies (77 synonyms, 5 homonyms, 4 unidentifiable, 45 unavailable)

Fossil: 55 valid species (11 synonyms, 1 homonym, 4 unidentifiable, 1 unavailable), 1 valid subspecies

Formica Linnaeus, 1758Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, 824 pp. [1758-01-01] PDFExternal_link: 579 . Type-species: Formica rufa, by subsequent designation of Curtis, 1839Curtis, J. 1839. Formica rufa. The red, hill, or horse Ant, or Pismire. Plate 752 [plus 2 unnumbered pages of text] in: Curtis, J. 1839. British entomology; being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 16. London: published by the author, plates 722-769. [1839-08-01]External_link: 752. AntWeb AntWiki
Formica in Formicites: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, A. 1835 ("1836"). Histoire naturelle des insectes. Hyménoptères. Tome I. Paris: Roret, 547 pp. [1835-12-26] PDFExternal_link: 199. Formica in Formicidae: Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 1. Formica in Formicinae: Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 45 [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1862Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12:649-776. [1862] PDFExternal_link: 653 (in key) [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 8 [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1868cMayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Preussens 1:1-102. [1868] PDFExternal_link: 47 [Formicidae]. Formica in Camponotinae: Forel, 1878cForel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 15:337-392. [1878-10] PDFExternal_link: 373 [Camponotidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 450 [Camponotidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 192. Formica in Camponotinae, Camponotini: Forel, 1886hForel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 30:131-215. [1886-11-06>] PDFExternal_link: 205. Formica in Camponotinae, Formicini: Forel, 1893bForel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 37:161-167. [1893-04-01>] PDFExternal_link: 165; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 772; Forel, 1899BForel, A. 1899B. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:1-169.External_link: 127; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 143; Forel, 1912jForel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 20:59-92. [1912-06-20] PDFExternal_link: 89; Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 120; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 250. Formica in Formicinae, Formicini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 384; Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDFExternal_link: 41; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 699; Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 241; all subsequent authors except the following. Formica in Formicinae, Formica genus group: Agosti, 1991Agosti, D. 1991. Revision of the oriental ant genus Cladomyrma, with an outline of the higher classification of the Formicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 16:293-310. [1991-07] PDFExternal_link: 295.
Genus Formica references
Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 300 (diagnosis, Austria species key); Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 1 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 46 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 12 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 410 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 8 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 26:1-452. [1874] PDFExternal_link: 51 (Switzerland species key); Forel, 1878cForel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 15:337-392. [1878-10] PDFExternal_link: 373 (diagnosis); André, 1882b: 176 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 255 (U.S.A. catalogue); Provancher, 1887Provancher, L. 1887. Fam. X. - Les Formicides. Dummy reference. Pp. 224-249 in: Provancher, L. 1887. 1885-1889. Additions et corrections au Volume II de la Faune entomologique du Canada, traitant des Hyménoptères. Québec: C. Darveau, 477 pp.External_link: 232 (Canada species key); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 61 (Russia species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link: 192 (catalogue); Emery, 1893kEmery, C. 1893k. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 7:633-682. [1893-12-23] PDFExternal_link: 643 (North America species key); Forel, 1894cForel, A. 1894c. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8:396-420. [1894-02-01] PDFExternal_link: 402 (India species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 334 (India species key); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 318 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906Wasmann, E. 1906. Zur Kenntniss der Ameisen und Ameisengäste von Luxemburg. Archives. Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg (n.s.)1(1/2):104-124. [1906-06] PDFExternal_link: 8 (Luxemburg species key); Emery, 1909bEmery, C. 1909b. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil VII. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1909:179-204. [1909-03-01]External_link: 180 (Palaearctic species key); Bondroit, 1910Bondroit, J. 1910 ("1909"). Les fourmis de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53:479-500. [1910-01-05] PDFExternal_link: 482 (Belgium species key); Wheeler, 1913iWheeler, W. M. 1913i. A revision of the ants of the genus Formica (Linné) Mayr. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 53:379-565. [1913-10] PDFExternal_link: 387 (subgenera, species groups, all species keys); Stitz, 1914Stitz, H. 1914. Die Ameisen (Formicidae) Mitteleuropas, insbesondere Deutschlands. Pp. 1-111 in: Schröder, C. (ed.) 1914. Die Insekten Mitteleuropas insbesondere Deutschlands. Band II, Hymenopteren, 2. Teil. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 256 pp. [1914]External_link: 88 (Central Europe species key); Donisthorpe, 1915fDonisthorpe, H. 1915f. British ants, their life-history and classification. Plymouth: Brendon & Son Ltd., xv + 379 pp. [1915]External_link: 244 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 257 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916rWheeler, W. M. 1916r. Formicoidea. Formicidae. Pp. 577-601 in: Viereck, H. L. 1916. Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part III. The Hymenoptera, or wasp-like insects, of Connecticut. Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey. Bulletin 22:1-824. [1916]External_link: 594 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Bondroit, 1917aBondroit, J. 1917a. Notes sur quelques Formicidae de France (Hym.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1917:174-177. [1917-06-27]External_link: 174 (France Formica rufa group, key); Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDFExternal_link: 41 (France & Belgium species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 699 (subgenera key); Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 241 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 244 Formica (Neoformica) diagnosis, catalogue; Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 245 Formica (Serviformica) diagnosis, catalogue; Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 251 Formica (Formica) diagnosis, catalogue; Emery, 1925dEmery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183:1-302. [1925-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 258 Formica (Raptiformica) diagnosis, catalogue; Lomnicki, 1925aLomnicki, J. 1925a ("1924"). Przeglad polskich gatunków rodzaju mrówki (Formica Linné). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 3:151-182. [1925-03-15<] PDFExternal_link: 171 (Poland species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1926cKuznetsov-Ugamsky, N. N. 1926c. Contributions to the knowledge of the myrmecology of Turkestan. I. [In Russian.]. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 20:93-100. [1926] PDFExternal_link: 93 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1927dKaravaiev, V. 1927d. The ant fauna of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian.]. Zbirnyk Prats' Zoolohichnoho Muzeyu 2:1-52 [= Trudy. Ukrains'ka Akademiya Nauk. Fizichno-Matematichnoho Viddilu 4:247-296]. [1927]External_link: 282 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927cDonisthorpe, H. 1927c. British ants, their life history and classification (2nd edn.). London: G. Routledge and Sons, xvi + 436 pp. [1927]External_link: 284 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1933aArnol'di, K. V. 1933a. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 594-605 in: Filip'ev, I. N.; Ogloblin, D. A. (eds.) 1933. Keys to insects. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Ogiz, viii + 820 pp. [1933-12-03>]External_link: 603 (Russia species key); Karavaiev, 1936Karavaiev, V. 1936. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. Part II (conclusion). [In Ukrainian.]. Trudy Instytutu Zoolohii ta Biolohii Ukrains'koi Akademii Nauk. Seriya 1. Pratsi z Systematyky ta Faunistyky 1936:161-316. [1936-05-26>]External_link: 220 (Ukraine species key); Menozzi, 1939aMenozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 78:285-345. [1939-10] PDFExternal_link: 321 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. [1939]External_link: 306 (Germany species key); Creighton, 1940aCreighton, W. S. 1940a. A revision of the North American variants of the ant Formica rufa. American Museum Novitates 1055:1-10. [1940-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 1 (North America Formica rufa subspecies key); Kratochvíl, 1941bKratochvíl, J. 1941b. [Untitled. New subgenera of Tetramorium, and a new subspecies, Tetramorium ferox silhavyi, attributed to Kratochvíl.]. P. 84 in: Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. [1941]External_link: 103 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. PDFExternal_link: 103 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDFExternal_link: 375 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943cHolgersen, H. 1943c. Bestemmelsestabell over norske maur (Hym., Formicidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 6:164-182. [1943-09-01]External_link: 175 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944aHolgersen, H. 1944a. The ants of Norway (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Nytt Magasin for Naturvidenskapene 84:165-203. [1944-09-08]External_link: 200 (Norway species key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 299 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 187 (Belgium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 456 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 197 (Asia checklist); Yarrow, 1954aYarrow, I. H. H. 1954a. The British ants allied to Formica fusca L. (Hym., Formicidae). Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 11:229-244. [1954-07-14] PDFExternal_link: 229 (Britain Formica fusca group); Yarrow, 1955aYarrow, I. H. H. 1955a. The British ants allied to Formica rufa L. (Hym., Formicidae). Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 12:1-48. [1955-03-22] PDFExternal_link: 29 (Britain Formica rufa group, key); Wilson & Brown, 1955Wilson, E. O.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1955. Revisionary notes on the sanguinea and neogagates groups of the ant genus Formica. Psyche (Cambridge) 62:108-129. [1955-11-08] PDFExternal_link: 108 (Formica sanguinea & Formica neogagates groups, synopsis); Boven, 1959Boven, J. K. A. 1959. Vliesvleugelige insekten - Hymenoptera VI. Angeldragers (Aculeata). Mieren (Formicidae). Wetenschappelijke Mededelingen. Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging 30:1-32. [1959-01]External_link: 12 (Netherlands species key); Betrem, 1960bBetrem, J. G. 1960b. Ueber die Systematik der Formica rufa-gruppe. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 103:51-81. [1960-08-05]External_link: 75 (Formica rufa group, key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 498 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1963. The ants of North Dakota. Grand Forks, North Dakota: University of North Dakota Press, viii + 326 pp. [1963]External_link: 205 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Cotti, 1963Cotti, G. 1963. Bibliografia ragionata 1930-1961 del gruppo Formica rufa in Italiano, Deutsch, English. Collana Verde 8:1-413. [1963-06-07]External_link: 1 (Formica rufa group, bibliography 1930-61); Dlussky, 1964Dlussky, G. M. 1964. The ants of the subgenus Coptoformica of the genus Formica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 43:1026-1040. [1964-07] PDFExternal_link: 1026 (former U.S.S.R. Formica (Coptoformica) species key); Collingwood, 1964bCollingwood, C. A. 1964b. The identification and distribution of British ants. 1. A revised key to the species found in Britain. Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 16:93-114,121. [1964-12] PDFExternal_link: 109 (Britain species key); Brown, 1965dBrown, W. L., Jr. 1965d. Studies on North American ants. I. The Formica integra subgroup. Entomological News 76:181-186. [1965-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 181 (Formica integra subgroup); Dlussky, 1965aDlussky, G. M. 1965a. Ants of the genus Formica L. of Mongolia and northeast Tibet (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 23:15-43. [1965-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 15 (Mongolia and Tibet species key); Dlussky, 1967aDlussky, G. M. 1967a. Ants of the genus Formica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>] PDFExternal_link: 39 (Palaearctic species key); Dlussky, 1967bDlussky, G. M. 1967b. Ants of the genus Formica from the Baltic amber. [In Russian.]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 1967(2):80-89. [1967-05-19>] PDFExternal_link: 80 (*Baltic Amber species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 285 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Buren, 1968aBuren, W. F. 1968a. Some fundamental taxonomic problems in Formica (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 3:25-40. [1968-04] PDFExternal_link: 36 (Nearctic Formica sanguinea group species key); Boven, 1970bBoven, J. K. A. 1970b. Le polymorphisme des ouvrières de Megaponera foetens Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Publicatiës van het Natuurhistorisch Genootschap in Limburg 20(3/4):5-9. [1970]External_link: 34 (Netherlands species key); Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971Dlussky, G. M.; Pisarski, B. 1971. Rewizja polskich gatunków mrówek (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) z rodzaju Formica L. Fragmenta Faunistica (Warsaw) 16:145-224. [1971-03-25] PDFExternal_link: 145 (Poland species key); Francoeur, 1973Francoeur, A. 1973. Révision taxonomique des espèces néarctiques du groupe fusca, genre Formica (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique du Québec 3:1-316. [1973-09] PDFExternal_link: 272 (Nearctic Formica fusca group, revision, key); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975Bolton, B.; Collingwood, C. A. 1975. Handbooks for the identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 6(3(c)):1-34. [1975-06]External_link: 6 (Britain species key); Tarbinsky, 1976Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. [In Russian.]. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. [1976-06-04>] PDFExternal_link: 177 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. [1977-06] PDFExternal_link: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977]External_link: 236 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 552 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 93 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 112 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1448 (North America catalogue); Douwes, 1979Douwes, P. 1979. Formica rufa-gruppens systematik. Entomologisk Tidskrift 100:187-191. [1979-12-10] PDFExternal_link: 187 (Formica rufa group systematics); Kupyanskaya, 1980Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1980. Ants of the genus Formica Linnaeus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Soviet Far East. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-108 in: Ler, P. A. (ed.) 1980. Taxonomy of insects of the Far East. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 120 pp. [1980-02-06>] PDFExternal_link: 95 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Allred, 1982Allred, D. M. 1982. Ants of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 42:415-511. [1982-12-31]External_link: 446 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Kupyanskaya, 1984Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1984. The ant Formica yessensis Forel, 1901 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in southern Primorye Territory. [In Russian.]. Pp. 98-112 in: Ler, P. A. (ed.) 1984. The fauna and ecology of insects in the south of the Far East. Collected scientific papers. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 151 pp. [1984-01-06>]External_link: 103 (Far Eastern Russia Formica truncorum complex, key); Snelling & Buren, 1985Snelling, R. R.; Buren, W. F. 1985. Description of a new species of slave-making ant in the Formica sanguinea group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Great Lakes Entomologist 18:69-78. [1985-06-03] PDFExternal_link: 71 (Nearctic Formica sanguinea group, key); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985]External_link: 274 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986gWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986g. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDFExternal_link: 76 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987Nilsson, O.; Douwes, P. 1987. Norrländska myror med bestämningstabell till arbetarna. Natur i Norr 6:49-90.External_link: 74 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 285 (Balkans species key); Gösswald, 1989Gösswald, K. 1989. Die Waldameise. Band 1. Biologische Grundlagen, Ökologie und Verhalten. Wiesbaden: AULA-Verlag, xi + 660 pp. [1989]External_link: 49 (Formica rufa group taxonomy); Agosti & Bolton, 1990bAgosti, D.; Bolton, B. 1990b. New characters to differentiate the ant genera Lasius F. and Formica L. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologist's Gazette 41:149-156. [1990-09-30] PDFExternal_link: 149 (characters); Wu, 1990Wu, J. 1990. Taxonomic studies on the genus Formica L. of China (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). [In Chinese.]. Forest Research 3:1-8. [1990-02] PDFExternal_link: 4 (China species key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 138 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990aKupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. [1990-09-13>]External_link: 174 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Morisita, Kubota, Onoyama, et al., 1991: 31 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 255 (Bulgaria species key); Agosti, 1994bAgosti, D. 1994b. The phylogeny of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with the description of a new genus. Systematic Entomology 19:93-117. [1994-08-01] PDFExternal_link: 106 (diagnosis, review of genus); Radchenko, 1994bRadchenko, A. G. 1994b. Identification table for the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of southern Siberia. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-118 in: Kotenko, A. G. (ed.) 1994. Hymenopterous insects of Siberia and the Far East. [In Russian.]. Trudy Zapovednika "Daurskii" 3:1-147. [1994-06-10>]External_link: 112 (South Siberia species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 89 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 190 (catalogue); Douwes, 1995Douwes, P. 1995. Sveriges myror. Entomologisk Tidskrift 116:83-99. [1995-11]External_link: 94 (Sweden species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 353 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 138 (China species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 201 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996Skinner, G. J.; Allen, G. W. 1996. Ants. Naturalists' Handbook 24. Slough: Richmond Publishing Co., ii + 83 pp. [1996]External_link: 41 (Britain species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 25 (Portugal species key); Tinaut & Martínez-Ibañez, 1998DTinaut, A.; Martínez-Ibañez, D. 1998D. Taxonomy and distribution of Formica dusmeti Emery, 1909 and of F. frontalis Santschi, 1919 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Graellsia 54:31-41. [1998-12-31] PDFExternal_link: 36 (Iberian Peninsula Formica rufa, Formica sanguinea & Formica exsecta groups, key); Seifert, 2000ASeifert, B. 2000A. A taxonomic revision of the ant subgenus Coptoformica Mueller, 1923 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoosystema 22:517-568. [2000-09-29] PDFExternal_link: 563 (Palaearctic Formica (Coptoformica) species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 148 (Poland species key); Chang & He, 2002AChang, Y.-D.; He, D.-H. 2002A. Taxonomic study of genus Formica L. from Northwest China with descriptions of nine new species and four new records (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). [In Chinese.]. Zoological Research 23:49-60. [2002-02-23] PDFExternal_link: 51 (northwest China species key); Seifert, 2002Seifert, B. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the Formica cinerea group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 74(2):245-272. [2002] PDFExternal_link: 267 (Formica cinerea group revision key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 277 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDFExternal_link: 127 (synopsis); Radchenko, 2005BRadchenko, A. 2005B. Monographic revision of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of North Korea. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 55:127-221. [2005-06-30] PDFExternal_link: 188 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04]External_link: 176 (North and Central Europe species key); Trager, MacGown & Trager, 2007Trager, J. C.; MacGown, J. A.; Trager, M. D. 2007. Revision of the Nearctic endemic Formica pallidefulva group. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:610-636. [2007-09]External_link: 627 (Formica pallidefulva group key); Dlussky, 2008ADlussky, G. M. 2008A. Ants of the tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from late Eocene amber of Europe. [In Russian.]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2008(5):45-59. PDFExternal_link: 57 (Europe Eocene amber species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 224 (Taiwan species key); Seifert & Schultz, 2009BSeifert, B.; Schultz, R. 2009B. A taxonomic revision of the Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793 group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 12:255-272. [2009-09] PDFExternal_link: 258 (Formica rufibarbis group key); Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 371 (Poland species key); Dlussky & Putyatina, 2014Dlussky, G. M.; Putyatina, T. S. 2014. Early Miocene ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Radoboj, Croatia. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 272(3):237-285. [2014-06] PDFExternal_link: 254 (Croatian Miocene species, revision)
Genera
Acantholepis Euprenolepis Orbicapitia
Acropyga Eurytarsites Ovalicapito
Acrostigma Forelophilus Ovaligastrula
Adformica Formica Overbeckia
Agraulomyrmex Formicina Palaeosminthurus
Alloformica Fushuniformica Paraformica
Anacantholepis Gesomyrmex Paraparatrechina
Andragnathus Gigantiops Paraplagiolepis
Anoplolepis Glaphyromyrmex Paratrechina
Aphomomyrmex Hagiostigmacros Petalomyrmex
Aporomyrmex Heeridris Phasmomyrmex
Atopodon Hincksidris Plagiolepis
Bajcaridris Huaxiaformica Polyergus
Baroniurbania Iberoformica Polyrhachis
Brachymyrmex Imhoffia Prenolepis
Bregmatomyrma Kyromyrma Prodimorphomyrmex
Bryscha Lasiophanes Proformica
Calomyrmex Lasius Prolasius
Camponotites Lepisiota Protoformica
Camponotites Leptogasteritus Protrechina
Camponotus Leucotaphus Pseudocamponotus
Campostigmacros Liaoformica Pseudolasius
Cataglyphis Longiformica Pseudonotoncus
Cataglyphoides Machaeromyrma Pseudostigmacros
Chapmanella Magnogasterites Raptiformica
Chariostigmacros Malacomyrma Rhizomyrma
Chimaeromyrma Melophorus Rhopalomyrmex
Cladomyrma Mesanoplolepis Rossomyrmex
Conoformica Mesoxena Santschiella
Coptoformica Monocombus Serviformica
Curtipalpulus Myrmecocystus Shanwangella
Cyrtostigmacros Myrmecopsis Sicilomyrmex
Decamera Myrmecorhynchus Sinoformica
Dimorphomyrmex Myrmelachista Sinotenuicapito
Diodontolepis Myrmoteras Stigmacros
Donisthorpea Neaphomus Tapinolepis
Drymomyrmex Neoformica Teratomyrmex
Echinopla Nesolasius Trichomelophorus
Endiodioctes Notoncus Tylolasius
Eoleptocerites Notostigma Wilsonia
Eomonocombus Nylanderia Zatania
Eremnocystus Oecophylla Zealleyella
Erimelophorus Opisthopsis
Species
abdominalis fulvacea palaeopolonica
aberrans fulvopilosa pallens
abrupta fungosa pallescens
accreta fusca pallida
acervorum fuscata pallidefulva
aculeata fuscescens pallidelutea
aculeata fuscicauda pallidinervis
aculeata fusciceps pallipes
acuminata fuscipes pallipes
acuta fuscocinerea pallitarsis
adamsi fuscogagates pamirica
adelungi fuscoides pangens
advena fuscolemani paralugubris
aedificator fuscoptera parcipappa
aegyptiaca fuscorufibarbis parexsecta
aemula gagates parschlugiana
aeneovirens gagatoides parva
aenescens gaullei parvula
aequalis gelida parvula
aerata georgica pavida
aerea gerardi pediculus
aethiops gibba pensylvanica
affinis gibbosa perditor
aggerans gigas pergandei
agilis gilvescens perminuta
agra glabra perniciosa
albicans glabra perpilosa
albipennis glabrella persica
albipes glabridorsis phaethusa
albofasciata glacialis pharaonis
algida glauca phyllophila
aliena glebaria picea
alpicola globiventris picea
alpina globularis piceogagates
alpina gnava piceogagates
alsatica goesswaldi piceoinplana
altayensis gracilescens piceoorientalis
alticola gracilipes picipes
altipetens graminicola pilicornis
americana grandis pilicornis
ammon granulata piligera
amyoti gravelyi piliventris
analis gravida pilosa
anatolica grisea pinetorum
anceps griseopubescens pinguicula
angulata grossa pinguis
angustata grouvellei piniphila
angusticeps grundmanni pisarskii
angusticollis guineensis pitoni
animosa gulosa placida
antiguensis gustawi planipilis
antiqua gymnomma platygnatha
aphidicola gynocrates podzolica
apicalis habrogyna politurata
approximans haematocephala polyctena
aquilonia haematoda postoculata
arborea haemorrhoidalis pratensis
arcana hamata pratensoides
archboldi harpax pressilabris
arcuata hastata primitiva
ardens hayashi primordialis
arenaria hebescens procera
arenicola hemipsila procidua
arenicola heraclea prociliata
argentata herculeana proformicoides
argentata herrichi propatula
argentea hesperia propinqua
armata heteroptera pruinosa
armenica hewitti puberula
armigera hexacantha pubescens
arrogans hirta pulchella
aserva horrida pulla
aseta huberiana pullula
assimilis hybrida pumila
aterrima hyrcana purpurea
atomus hystrix purpurescens
atra iberica pusilla
atrata ignivora pygmaea
atriceps imhoffii pyrenaea
atricolor imitans pyrrhocephala
atriventris immersa quadrata
attelaboides impacta quadriceps
attenuata imparis quadridens
aurocincta impetuosa quadridens
aurulenta impexa quadridenticulata
australis incerta quadrinotata
austriaca incisa quadripunctata
auxillacensis incisa quadrisecta
axillaris incursor querquetulana
bacchus indefessa radchenkoi
badia indeflexa rapax
balcanina indianensis rasilis
baltica indificans rastellata
barbara indurata ravida
barbata inequalis recidiva
bauckhorni ingruens rediana
beijingensis inplana redtenbacheri
berthoudi insana reflexa
bicolor insultans relucens
bicolor integra respiciens
bicornis integroides retecta
bidens intermedia rizadaghi
bihamata intrepida robusta
bimaculata irritabilis robusta
binodis irritans rostrata
biophilica italica rotundata
bipartita itinerans rubens
bipilosa jacoti rubescens
biscutata japonica rubescens
bispinosa juvenilis rubicunda
bituberculata kashmirica rubida
blanda katuniensis rubiginosa
blanda kiesenwetteri rubiginosa
bombycina knighti rubra
bondroiti kollari rubripes
borea kontuniemii rufa
borealis korbi rufescens
bradleyi kozlovi rufibarbis
breviscapa kraussii ruficeps
brevisetosa kupyanskayae ruficornis
brevisetosa kusnezowi rufifrons
browni kutscheri rufipes
brullei laboriosa rufipes
bruni lactaria rufitarsis
brunnea lacteipennis rufiventris
brunneonitida laeviceps rufobarboides
bucephala laevigata rufobrevisetosa
buphthalma laevissima rufoglauca
caduca lapidum rufoides
caerulescens lasioides rufolucida
caespitum latebrosa rufomaculata
californica lateralis rufonigra
californica latinodosa rufopratensis
callida latipes rufopratensoides
calviceps latreillii rufotruncicola
camelina lauta ruiginosa
camponoticeps lavateri rupestris
canadensis lecontei rutilans
candida lefevrei ruzskyi
cantalica lefrancoisi sabulosa
capitata lemani saccharivora
capito leninei salomonis
capsincola lepida sanguinea
carbonaria leucophaea sansabeana
carinata libera santschii
caryae ligniperda santschii
castanea lignitum saturata
castanipes limata savignyi
caucasica lincecumii saxicola
caustica linquensis schardj
cephalica liogaster schaufussi
cephalotes liopthalma schmidti
ceps litoralis schmidtii
chartifex lobata scitula
chelifera lochmatteri scorpiomajor
chilensis longaeva scorpiominor
chufejif longiceps scrutator
ciliata longicollis scutellaris
ciliata longicornis sedula
cinctella longinoda selysi
cinerascens longipedem semipunctata
cinerea longipennis senex
cinereofusca longipes sentschuensis
cinereofuscoides longipilosa septentrionale
cinereoglebaria lucida sepulta
cinereoides lucidula sericata
cinereoimitans luctuosa sericea
cinereorufibarbis lugubris sericeiventris
circumspecta lusatica serresi
clara lusitanica sessilis
clara lutaria seuberti
clara lutea sexdens
clara luteola sexdentata
clarior lutescens sexguttata
clarior lutosa sexspinosa
clarissima macra siamicaalba
clarorufibarbis macrocephala siamicarubra
clavata macrognatha sibylla
clavigera macrophthalma siloicola
clivia maculata similis
clymene maculipennis simillima
coarctata major simulata
cockerelli major sinae
coeca major sinensis
cognata major singularis
coloradensis malabarica smaragdina
comata maligna smithii
compressa manchu solitaria
comptula manni spatulata
congerens marcida specularis
conica marginata spicata
connecticutensis martynovi spinicollis
consanguinea masonia spininoda
consectator maura staegeri
consobrina maxillosa staerckei
consocians maxima stenoptera
conspicua megacephala stigma
constricta megalocola stitzi
consultans melanocephala strangulata
contracta melanogastes strawinskii
cordata melanophthalma strennua
cordieri melanopis strenua
coronata melanotica striata
corsica mellea striaticeps
corusca melligera stricta
cosmica menozzii structor
coxalis merdicola subaenescens
crassinoda meridionalis subcaviceps
creightoni meridionalis subcyanea
crepusculascens meritans subelongata
crinita merula subfasciata
criniventris mesasiatica subintegra
cruda micans sublucida
cruentata microcephala subnitens
cuneata microgyna subnuda
cunicularia microphthalma subpicea
curiosa migratoria subpilosa
cursor militaris subpilosoclara
curvidentata miniocca subpilosorufibarbis
custodiens minor subpolita
cylindrica minor subrufa
dachaidanensis minor subrufoides
dakotensis minuta subsericea
dalailamae minuta subsericeoneorufibarbis
dalcqi minutula subspinosa
dalmatica mistura subterranea
davisi mitis subtilis
decipiens mixta succinea
decora moki sudetica
defensor molestans suecica
delicata mollesonae suffusa
delinghaensis mongolica sulci
demersa montana superba
densiventris montana surinamensis
depilis montana suzukii
depressa montaniformis sylvatica
desecta monticola syrdariana
destructor monticola tahoensis
detecta montigena talbotae
detorquens montivaga tamarae
devastator morbida taprobane
didyma morio tarimica
difficilis morosa tarsata
diffidens morsei tejonia
diligens mucescens tenuipes
dirksi munda tenuis
discolor muralewiczi tenuissima
dislocata mutilata terebrans
distinguenda naefi terricola
dlusskyi nahua testacea
dolosa nana testaceipes
dominula nasuta theryi
dorsata natalensis thoracica
dorycus nemoralis thyssei
dryas neocinerea tianshanica
dusmeti neoclara timida
edax neogagates tincta
egecomerta neorufibarbis tir
egregia nepticula tombeuri
elata neutra tomentosa
elevata nevadensis torrentium
elongata nicaeensis transcaucasicogagates
emarginata nidulans transkaucasica
emeryi nigerrima transmontanis
emeryi nigra transversa
emmae nigrata triangularis
eoptera nigricans tridentata
ephippium nigriceps trifasciata
erratica nigriventris trigona
erythrocephala nigroaenea tripartita
esuriens nigropratensis tristis
etrusca nipponensis tristis
europaea nitida tropica
exasperata nitidior truncata
exercita nitidissima truncicola
exsecta nitidiventris truncicolopratensis
exsectoides nodosa truncorum
exsectopressilabris nodus tshugunovi
exsectorubens nortonii tuberculata
exudans novaanglae tuberosa
fabricator novaeanglae tuberum
fairchildi novaeboracensis typhlos
fallax novaki ulkei
fallax nuda umbrata
familiaris nuda ungeri
fatale nylanderi unicolor
femorata obcordata unifasciata
fennica obesa unispinosa
ferocula oblita uralensis
ferruginea obliterata vaga
fervens oblonga vagans
festina obscura variegata
festinata obscurans velox
ficticia obscurata venosa
filchneri obscuripes ventralis
filiformis obscuriventris vestita
finzii obsidiana vetula
flammiventris obsoleta viatica
flava obtecta vigilans
flavescens obtusa villiscapa
flavicornis obtusopilosa villosa
flavifemoralis obvoluta vinculans
flavipes occidentalis vinosa
flavitarsus occidentalis vinsonnella
flavorubra occidua virescens
flavosetosa occulta virginiana
flori occultata viridis
floridana ochracea virulens
foetens octospinosa visitatrix
foetida oculata vitrea
foreli oculatissima vivida
foreli oeningensis vividula
foreliana omnivora volgensis
forficata opaca volitans
formosae opaciventris vorax
forsslundi opacus wasmanni
fossaceps orangea wheeleri
fossilabris orbata wheeleri
foveolata oreas whymperi
fragilis oregonensis wichita
francoeuri orientalis wongi
fraterna orientalis xerophila
freyeri orites yatsuensis
frontalis ovala yessensis
fugax ovata yoshiokae
fukaii ovaticeps zealandica
fuliginosa pachucana zherikhini
fuliginothorax pacifica zonata

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key