LeptothoraxMayr, 1855valid

19 valid species (2 synonyms, 4 unavailable), 2 valid subspecies (12 synonyms, 38 unavailable)

Leptothorax Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 431. Type-species: Formica acervorum, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 214. AntWeb AntWiki
[Type-species not Myrmica clypeata, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1912dEmery, C. 1912d. Les espèces-type des genres et sous-genres de la famille des Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 56:271-273. [1912-08-02] PDFExternal_link: 271; repeated in Wheeler, 1913aWheeler, W. M. 1913a. Corrections and additions to "List of type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 23:77-83. [1913-05-29] PDFExternal_link: 79 and Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 248.]. Leptothorax in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Leptothorax in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 431 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 57 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 20 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 458 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 122. Leptothorax in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 125; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 769; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 54; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 139; Wheeler, 1915iWheeler, W. M. 1915i ("1914"). The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55:1-142. [1915] PDFExternal_link: 63; Kusnezov, 1964Kusnezov, N. 1964 ("1963"). Zoogeografía de las hormigas en Sudamérica. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 19:25-186. [1964-06-10] PDFExternal_link: 57 (anachronism). Leptothorax in Myrmicinae, Stenammini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383. Leptothorax in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 42; Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 257; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 244; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 664; Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 247; subsequent authors to the following. Leptothorax in Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini: Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 105; Mackay, 2000Mackay, W. P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant, (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 36:265-444. [2000-08] PDFExternal_link: 267.
Genus Leptothorax references
Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 433 (Austria species key); Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 58 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 26, 28, 30 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 426, 428, 456 (Leptothorax, Macromischa, Temnothorax catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19, 20, 21 (Macromischa, Leptothorax, Temnothorax diagnoses); Mayr, 1868cMayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Preussens 1:1-102. [1868] PDFExternal_link: 83 (*Baltic Amber species key); {ref 132986}: 188 (Europe species key); Forel, 1874Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 26:1-452. [1874] PDFExternal_link: 84 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-01]External_link: 293 (Europe & Algeria species key); Mayr, 1886dMayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 36:419-464. [1886-12] PDFExternal_link: 451 (U.S.A. species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 261 (U.S.A. catalogue); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889]External_link: 70 (Russia species key); Emery, 1891cEmery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. [1891]External_link: 5 (North Africa species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 120, 122 (Macromischa, Leptothorax catalogues); Emery, 1895dEmery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:257-360. [1895-05-11] PDFExternal_link: 317 (North America species key); Emery, 1896gEmery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 28:33-107. [1896-10-31] PDFExternal_link: 58 (Neotropical species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 215 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, W.M. 1903c: 223 (North America species key); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 570 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906Wasmann, E. 1906. Zur Kenntniss der Ameisen und Ameisengäste von Luxemburg. Archives. Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg (n.s.)1(1/2):104-124. [1906-06] PDFExternal_link: 16 (Luxemburg species key); Wheeler, 1908aWheeler, W. M. 1908a. The ants of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 24:117-158. [1908-02-07]External_link: 141 (Macromischa species key); Santschi, 1909cSantschi, F. 1909c. Leptothorax rottenbergi et espèces voisines. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 17:459-482. [1909-12-30] PDFExternal_link: 460 (Leptothorax rottenbergi group key); Bondroit, 1910Bondroit, J. 1910 ("1909"). Les fourmis de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53:479-500. [1910-01-05] PDFExternal_link: 496 (Belgium species key); Stitz, 1914Stitz, H. 1914. Die Ameisen (Formicidae) Mitteleuropas, insbesondere Deutschlands. Pp. 1-111 in: Schröder, C. (ed.) 1914. Die Insekten Mitteleuropas insbesondere Deutschlands. Band II, Hymenopteren, 2. Teil. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 256 pp. [1914]External_link: 60 (Central Europe species key); Crawley, 1914aCrawley, W. C. 1914a. A revision of the genus Leptothorax, Mayr, in the British Isles. [part]. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 26:89-96. [1914-04-08]External_link: 91 (Britain species key); Donisthorpe, 1915fDonisthorpe, H. 1915f. British ants, their life-history and classification. Plymouth: Brendon & Son Ltd., xv + 379 pp. [1915]External_link: 147 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 176 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916rWheeler, W. M. 1916r. Formicoidea. Formicidae. Pp. 577-601 in: Viereck, H. L. 1916. Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part III. The Hymenoptera, or wasp-like insects, of Connecticut. Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey. Bulletin 22:1-824. [1916]External_link: 581 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Arnold, 1916Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:159-270. [1916-05-20] PDFExternal_link: 257 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDFExternal_link: 117 (France & Belgium species key); Mann, 1920bMann, W. M. 1920b. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 42:403-439. [1920-12-20] PDFExternal_link: 408 (Macromischa species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 677 (Macromischa subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 679 (Leptothorax subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 890 (Afrotropical catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 1029 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 245 (Macromischa catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 247 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 249 (Leptothorax (Goniothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 251 (Leptothorax (Leptothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 259 (Leptothorax (Temnothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 260 (Leptothorax (Dichothorax) & Leptothorax (Mychothorax) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 264 (Symmyrmica review, catalogue); Karavaiev, 1927dKaravaiev, V. 1927d. The ant fauna of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian.]. Zbirnyk Prats' Zoolohichnoho Muzeyu 2:1-52 [= Trudy. Ukrains'ka Akademiya Nauk. Fizichno-Matematichnoho Viddilu 4:247-296]. [1927]External_link: 266 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927cDonisthorpe, H. 1927c. British ants, their life history and classification (2nd edn.). London: G. Routledge and Sons, xvi + 436 pp. [1927]External_link: 163 (Britain species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927dKuznetsov-Ugamsky, N. N. 1927d. Contributions to the knowledge of the myrmecology of Turkestan. II. [In Russian.]. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 21:33-42. [1927] PDFExternal_link: 38 (Turkestan species key); Wheeler, 1931bWheeler, W. M. 1931b. New and little-known ants of the genera Macromischa, Creosomyrmex and Antillaemyrmex. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 72:1-34. [1931-07] PDFExternal_link: 31 (Macromischa, Croesomyrmex, Antillaemyrmex checklists); Arnol'di, 1933aArnol'di, K. V. 1933a. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 594-605 in: Filip'ev, I. N.; Ogloblin, D. A. (eds.) 1933. Keys to insects. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Ogiz, viii + 820 pp. [1933-12-03>]External_link: 598 (Russia species key); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 68 (Israel species key); Karavaiev, 1934Karavaiev, V. 1934. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. [In Ukrainian.]. Trudy Instytutu Zoolohii ta Biolohii Vseukrains'koi Akademii Nauk. Seriya 1. Pratsi z Systematyky ta Faunistyky 1934:1-164. [1934-09-27>]External_link: 134 (Ukraine species key); Wheeler, 1937bWheeler, W. M. 1937b. Ants mostly from the mountains of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 81:439-465. [1937-05] PDFExternal_link: 463 (Macromischa checklist); Menozzi, 1939aMenozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 78:285-345. [1939-10] PDFExternal_link: 307 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. [1939]External_link: 158 (Germany species key); Smith, 1939eSmith, M. R. 1939e. Ants of the genus Macromischa Roger in the United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32:502-509. [1939-09-20] PDFExternal_link: 503 (U.S.A. Macromischa species key); Kratochvíl, 1941bKratochvíl, J. 1941b. [Untitled. New subgenera of Tetramorium, and a new subspecies, Tetramorium ferox silhavyi, attributed to Kratochvíl.]. P. 84 in: Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. [1941]External_link: 89 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. PDFExternal_link: 89 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDFExternal_link}: 369 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943cHolgersen, H. 1943c. Bestemmelsestabell over norske maur (Hym., Formicidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 6:164-182. [1943-09-01]External_link: 172 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944aHolgersen, H. 1944a. The ants of Norway (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Nytt Magasin for Naturvidenskapene 84:165-203. [1944-09-08]External_link: 198 (Norway species key); Kratochvíl, Novák & Snoflák, 1944Kratochvíl, J.; Novák, V.; Snoflák, J. 1944. Mohelno. Soubor práci venoványch studiu vyznamne památky prírodní. 5. Hymenoptera - Aculeata. Formicidae - Apidae - Vespidae. Archiv Svazu na Ochranu Prírody a Domoviny na Moravé 6:1-155. PDFExternal_link: 123 (Czechoslovakia males, key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 286 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 178 (Belgium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 251, 256 (North America Macromischa, Leptothorax species keys); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 110 (Asia checklist); Smith, 1952cSmith, M. R. 1952c. North American Leptothorax of the tricarinatus-texanus complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 60:96-106. [1952-06-23] PDFExternal_link: 97 (U.S.A. Leptothorax tricarinatus complex, key); Bernard, 1956aBernard, F. 1956a. Révision des Leptothorax (Hyménoptères Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale, basée sur la biométrie et les genitalia mâles. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 81:151-165. [1956-10-15] PDFExternal_link: 151 (Western Europe species groups); Kusnezov, 1958cKusnezov, N. 1958c. La posición sistemática de las especies argentinas del genero Leptothorax Mayr, 1855. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 16:265-271. [1958-08-29] PDFExternal_link: 266 (subgenera key); Boven, 1959Boven, J. K. A. 1959. Vliesvleugelige insekten - Hymenoptera VI. Angeldragers (Aculeata). Mieren (Formicidae). Wetenschappelijke Mededelingen. Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging 30:1-32. [1959-01]External_link}: 8 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 380 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1963. The ants of North Dakota. Grand Forks, North Dakota: University of North Dakota Press, viii + 326 pp. [1963]External_link: 139 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964bCollingwood, C. A. 1964b. The identification and distribution of British ants. 1. A revised key to the species found in Britain. Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 16:93-114,121. [1964-12] PDFExternal_link: 99 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 185 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 187 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 224 (Doronomyrmex diagnosis); Boven, 1970bBoven, J. K. A. 1970b. Le polymorphisme des ouvrières de Megaponera foetens Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Publicatiës van het Natuurhistorisch Genootschap in Limburg 20(3/4):5-9. [1970]External_link}: 20 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1971Arnol'di, K. V. 1971. New species and a review of the ant genus Leptothorax (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Kazakstan plain. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 50:1818-1826. [1971-12] PDFExternal_link: 1824 (Kazakhstan species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 132, 135 (Neotropical Leptothorax, Macromischa catalogues); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 15 (Macromischa Cuba species key); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975Bolton, B.; Collingwood, C. A. 1975. Handbooks for the identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 6(3(c)):1-34. [1975-06]External_link: 5 (Britain species key); Tarbinsky, 1976Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. [In Russian.]. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. [1976-06-04>] PDFExternal_link: 83 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. 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Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDFExternal_link: 51 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987Nilsson, O.; Douwes, P. 1987. Norrländska myror med bestämningstabell till arbetarna. Natur i Norr 6:49-90.External_link: 60 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 273 (Balkans species key); Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S. 1988. Ants of the genus Temnothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR. Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk 1988(4):29-37. [1988-08-26>] PDFExternal_link: 29 (former U.S.S.R. Temnothorax species); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 13 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 184, 188 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990aKupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. [1990-09-13>]External_link: 136 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 349 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 26 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 129 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 52 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994bRadchenko, A. G. 1994b. Identification table for the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of southern Siberia. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-118 in: Kotenko, A. G. (ed.) 1994. Hymenopterous insects of Siberia and the Far East. [In Russian.]. Trudy Zapovednika "Daurskii" 3:1-147. [1994-06-10>]External_link: 111 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994eRadchenko, A. G. 1994e. Identification table for ants of the genus Leptothorax (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from central and eastern Palearctic. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 73(7-8):146-158. [1994-08] PDFExternal_link: 146 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. 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Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 13 (Central Europe Doronomyrmex species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 119 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996Skinner, G. J.; Allen, G. W. 1996. Ants. Naturalists' Handbook 24. Slough: Richmond Publishing Co., ii + 83 pp. [1996]External_link: 45 (Britain species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1997. Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)33:259-284. [1997-09-30]External_link: 260 (Morocco species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama & Onoyama, 1999Terayama, M.; Onoyama, K. 1999. The ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan. Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1:71-97. [1999-04-10] PDFExternal_link: 73 (Japan species key); Mackay, 2000Mackay, W. P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant, (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 36:265-444. [2000-08] PDFExternal_link: 265, 288, 297 (New World Leptothorax (Myrafant) species revision key, Mexico & Guatemala species key, species complexes key); Fontenla, 2001Fontenla, J. L. 2001. Claves para las especies cubanas del taxon Macromischa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Leptothorax). Cocuyo (Havana) 11:15-17. [2001-08] PDFExternal_link: 15 (Cuba Macromischa species key); Chang & He, 2001CChang, Y.-D.; He, D.-H. 2001C. A taxonomic study of the ant genus Leptothorax from northwestern China. [In Chinese.]. Journal of Ningxia Agricultural College 22(2):1-4. [2001] PDFExternal_link: 1 (northwest China species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 143 (Poland species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 93 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDFExternal_link: 270 (genus diagnosis); Lyu & Cho, 2003b: 269 (Korea species key); Radchenko, 2004Radchenko, A. 2004. A review of the ant genera Leptothorax Mayr and Temnothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the eastern Palaearctic. 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Genus Leptothorax references
Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 433 (Austria species key); Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 58 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 26, 28, 30 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 426, 428, 456 (Leptothorax, Macromischa, Temnothorax catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 19, 20, 21 (Macromischa, Leptothorax, Temnothorax diagnoses); Mayr, 1868cMayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Preussens 1:1-102. [1868] PDFExternal_link: 83 (*Baltic Amber species key); {ref 132986}: 188 (Europe species key); Forel, 1874Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 26:1-452. [1874] PDFExternal_link: 84 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. 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New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 890 (Afrotropical catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 1029 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 245 (Macromischa catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 247 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 249 (Leptothorax (Goniothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. 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[1927]External_link: 266 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927cDonisthorpe, H. 1927c. British ants, their life history and classification (2nd edn.). London: G. Routledge and Sons, xvi + 436 pp. [1927]External_link: 163 (Britain species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927dKuznetsov-Ugamsky, N. N. 1927d. Contributions to the knowledge of the myrmecology of Turkestan. II. [In Russian.]. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 21:33-42. [1927] PDFExternal_link: 38 (Turkestan species key); Wheeler, 1931bWheeler, W. M. 1931b. New and little-known ants of the genera Macromischa, Creosomyrmex and Antillaemyrmex. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 72:1-34. [1931-07] PDFExternal_link: 31 (Macromischa, Croesomyrmex, Antillaemyrmex checklists); Arnol'di, 1933aArnol'di, K. V. 1933a. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 594-605 in: Filip'ev, I. N.; Ogloblin, D. A. (eds.) 1933. Keys to insects. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Ogiz, viii + 820 pp. [1933-12-03>]External_link: 598 (Russia species key); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 68 (Israel species key); Karavaiev, 1934Karavaiev, V. 1934. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. [In Ukrainian.]. Trudy Instytutu Zoolohii ta Biolohii Vseukrains'koi Akademii Nauk. Seriya 1. Pratsi z Systematyky ta Faunistyky 1934:1-164. [1934-09-27>]External_link: 134 (Ukraine species key); Wheeler, 1937bWheeler, W. M. 1937b. Ants mostly from the mountains of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 81:439-465. [1937-05] PDFExternal_link: 463 (Macromischa checklist); Menozzi, 1939aMenozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 78:285-345. [1939-10] PDFExternal_link: 307 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. [1939]External_link: 158 (Germany species key); Smith, 1939eSmith, M. R. 1939e. Ants of the genus Macromischa Roger in the United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32:502-509. [1939-09-20] PDFExternal_link: 503 (U.S.A. Macromischa species key); Kratochvíl, 1941bKratochvíl, J. 1941b. [Untitled. New subgenera of Tetramorium, and a new subspecies, Tetramorium ferox silhavyi, attributed to Kratochvíl.]. P. 84 in: Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. [1941]External_link: 89 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. PDFExternal_link: 89 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDFExternal_link}: 369 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943cHolgersen, H. 1943c. Bestemmelsestabell over norske maur (Hym., Formicidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 6:164-182. [1943-09-01]External_link: 172 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944aHolgersen, H. 1944a. The ants of Norway (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Nytt Magasin for Naturvidenskapene 84:165-203. [1944-09-08]External_link: 198 (Norway species key); Kratochvíl, Novák & Snoflák, 1944Kratochvíl, J.; Novák, V.; Snoflák, J. 1944. Mohelno. Soubor práci venoványch studiu vyznamne památky prírodní. 5. Hymenoptera - Aculeata. Formicidae - Apidae - Vespidae. Archiv Svazu na Ochranu Prírody a Domoviny na Moravé 6:1-155. PDFExternal_link: 123 (Czechoslovakia males, key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDFExternal_link: 286 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 178 (Belgium species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 251, 256 (North America Macromischa, Leptothorax species keys); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 110 (Asia checklist); Smith, 1952cSmith, M. R. 1952c. North American Leptothorax of the tricarinatus-texanus complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 60:96-106. [1952-06-23] PDFExternal_link: 97 (U.S.A. Leptothorax tricarinatus complex, key); Bernard, 1956aBernard, F. 1956a. Révision des Leptothorax (Hyménoptères Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale, basée sur la biométrie et les genitalia mâles. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 81:151-165. [1956-10-15] PDFExternal_link: 151 (Western Europe species groups); Kusnezov, 1958cKusnezov, N. 1958c. La posición sistemática de las especies argentinas del genero Leptothorax Mayr, 1855. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 16:265-271. [1958-08-29] PDFExternal_link: 266 (subgenera key); Boven, 1959Boven, J. K. A. 1959. Vliesvleugelige insekten - Hymenoptera VI. Angeldragers (Aculeata). Mieren (Formicidae). Wetenschappelijke Mededelingen. Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging 30:1-32. [1959-01]External_link}: 8 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963]External_link: 380 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1963. The ants of North Dakota. Grand Forks, North Dakota: University of North Dakota Press, viii + 326 pp. [1963]External_link: 139 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964bCollingwood, C. A. 1964b. The identification and distribution of British ants. 1. A revised key to the species found in Britain. Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 16:93-114,121. [1964-12] PDFExternal_link: 99 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 185 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 187 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 224 (Doronomyrmex diagnosis); Boven, 1970bBoven, J. K. A. 1970b. Le polymorphisme des ouvrières de Megaponera foetens Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Publicatiës van het Natuurhistorisch Genootschap in Limburg 20(3/4):5-9. [1970]External_link}: 20 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1971Arnol'di, K. V. 1971. New species and a review of the ant genus Leptothorax (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Kazakstan plain. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 50:1818-1826. [1971-12] PDFExternal_link: 1824 (Kazakhstan species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 132, 135 (Neotropical Leptothorax, Macromischa catalogues); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 15 (Macromischa Cuba species key); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975Bolton, B.; Collingwood, C. A. 1975. Handbooks for the identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 6(3(c)):1-34. [1975-06]External_link: 5 (Britain species key); Tarbinsky, 1976Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. [In Russian.]. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. [1976-06-04>] PDFExternal_link: 83 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977Boven, J. K. A. 1977. De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 67:1-191. [1977-06] PDFExternal_link}: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977]External_link: 103 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 540 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 83 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 68 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Baroni Urbani, 1978bBaroni Urbani, C. 1978b. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia 3:395-618. [1978-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 533 (Leptothorax (Macromischa) all species revision, key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1391 (North America catalogue); Buschinger, 1981Buschinger, A. 1981. Biological and systematic relationships of social parasitic Leptothoracini from Europe and North America. Pp. 211-222 in: Howse, P. E.; Clement, J.-L. (eds.) 1981. Biosystematics of social insects. Systematics Association Special Volume No. 19. London: Academic Press, 346 pp. [1981] PDFExternal_link: 211 (Doronomyrmex review); Allred, 1982Allred, D. M. 1982. Ants of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 42:415-511. [1982-12-31]External_link: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Bolton, 1982Bolton, B. 1982. Afrotropical species of the myrmicine ant genera Cardiocondyla, Leptothorax, Melissotarsus, Messor and Cataulacus (Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 45:307-370. [1982-09-30] PDFExternal_link}: 319 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species key); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985]External_link: 303 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986gWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986g. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDFExternal_link: 51 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987Nilsson, O.; Douwes, P. 1987. Norrländska myror med bestämningstabell till arbetarna. Natur i Norr 6:49-90.External_link: 60 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 273 (Balkans species key); Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S. 1988. Ants of the genus Temnothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the USSR. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR. Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk 1988(4):29-37. [1988-08-26>] PDFExternal_link: 29 (former U.S.S.R. Temnothorax species); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 13 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 184, 188 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990aKupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. [1990-09-13>]External_link: 136 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 349 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 26 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 129 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 52 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994bRadchenko, A. G. 1994b. Identification table for the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of southern Siberia. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-118 in: Kotenko, A. G. (ed.) 1994. Hymenopterous insects of Siberia and the Far East. [In Russian.]. Trudy Zapovednika "Daurskii" 3:1-147. [1994-06-10>]External_link: 111 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994eRadchenko, A. G. 1994e. Identification table for ants of the genus Leptothorax (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from central and eastern Palearctic. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 73(7-8):146-158. [1994-08] PDFExternal_link: 146 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 235 (catalogue); Douwes, 1995Douwes, P. 1995. Sveriges myror. Entomologisk Tidskrift 116:83-99. [1995-11]External_link: 89 (Sweden species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 347 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 108 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 325 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 13 (Central Europe Doronomyrmex species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 119 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996Skinner, G. J.; Allen, G. W. 1996. Ants. Naturalists' Handbook 24. Slough: Richmond Publishing Co., ii + 83 pp. [1996]External_link: 45 (Britain species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1997. Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)33:259-284. [1997-09-30]External_link: 260 (Morocco species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama & Onoyama, 1999Terayama, M.; Onoyama, K. 1999. The ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan. Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1:71-97. [1999-04-10] PDFExternal_link: 73 (Japan species key); Mackay, 2000Mackay, W. P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant, (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 36:265-444. [2000-08] PDFExternal_link: 265, 288, 297 (New World Leptothorax (Myrafant) species revision key, Mexico & Guatemala species key, species complexes key); Fontenla, 2001Fontenla, J. L. 2001. Claves para las especies cubanas del taxon Macromischa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Leptothorax). Cocuyo (Havana) 11:15-17. [2001-08] PDFExternal_link: 15 (Cuba Macromischa species key); Chang & He, 2001CChang, Y.-D.; He, D.-H. 2001C. A taxonomic study of the ant genus Leptothorax from northwestern China. [In Chinese.]. Journal of Ningxia Agricultural College 22(2):1-4. [2001] PDFExternal_link: 1 (northwest China species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 143 (Poland species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 93 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDFExternal_link: 270 (genus diagnosis); Lyu & Cho, 2003b: 269 (Korea species key); Radchenko, 2004Radchenko, A. 2004. A review of the ant genera Leptothorax Mayr and Temnothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the eastern Palaearctic. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 50:109-137. [2004-11-24] PDFExternal_link: 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species, key); Deyrup & Cover, 2004ADeyrup, M.; Cover, S. 2004A. A new species of the ant genus Leptothorax from Florida, with a key to the Leptothorax of the southeast (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Florida Entomologist 87:51-59. [2004-03-31] PDFExternal_link: 56 (southeast U.S.A. species key); Radchenko, 2005BRadchenko, A. 2005B. Monographic revision of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of North Korea. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 55:127-221. [2005-06-30] PDFExternal_link}: 192 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04]External_link: 118 (North and Central Europe species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 366 (Poland species key).
Genera
Acalama Equestrimessor Oxyidris
Acanthidris Erebomyrma Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthognathus Eriopheidole Paedalgus
Acanthomyrmex Eucryptocerus Palaeatta
Acidomyrmex Euophthalma Paracrema
Acrocoelia Eurhopalothrix Paracryptocerus
Acromyrmex Eutetramorium Parameranoplus
Acrostigma Exocryptocerus Paramycetophylax
Adelomyrmex Fallomyrma Paramyrmica
Adlerzia Forelifidis Paranamyrma
Aeromyrma Forelomyrmex Paraphacota
Afromyrma Formicoxenus Paraphaenogaster
Afroxyidris Formosimyrma Parapheidole
Alistruma Fushunomyrmex Paratopula
Allomerus Gallardomyrma Parholcomyrmex
Allopheidole Gauromyrmex Parvimyrma
Amauromyrmex Geognomicus Pentastruma
Ancyridris Glamyromyrmex Perissomyrmex
Aneleus Glyptomyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergates Goaligongidris Phacota
Anergatides Goniomma Phalacromyrmex
Anillomyrma Goniothorax Pharaophanes
Anisopheidole Granisolenopsis Pheidolacanthinus
Ankylomyrma Gymnomyrmex Pheidole
Antichthonidris Hagioxenus Pheidologeton
Antillaemyrmex Harnedia Phidola
Aphaenogaster Harpagoxenus Phidole
Apomyrmex Hendecapheidole Phidologeton
Apsychomyrmex Hendecatella Physatta
Apterostigma Heptacondylus Physocrema
Aratromyrmex Heptastruma Pilotrochus
Archaeomyrmex Hercynia Planimyrma
Archeatta Heteromyrmex Platystruma
Arctomyrmex Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Arnoldidris Hexadaceton Podomyrma
Asemorhoptrum Holcomyrmex Poecilomyrma
Asketogenys Huberia Pogonomyrmex
Aspididris Hylidris Polyhomoa
Atopogyne Hylomyrma Pristomyrmex
Atopomyrmex Hypocryptocerus Proatta
Atopula Hypopomyrmex Procryptocerus
Atta Icothorax Prodicroaspis
Attaichnus Idrisella Promeranoplus
Attomyrma Ilemomyrmex Promyrma
Attopsis Indomyrma Propodilobus
Austromorium Ireneella Propodomyrma
Baracidris Ireneidris Proscopomyrmex
Bariamyrma Ireneopone Prosopidris
Basiceros Irogera Protalaridris
Bilobomyrma Ischnomyrmex Protholcomyrmex
Bisolenopsis Ishakidris Protomognathus
Blepharidatta Isolcomyrmex Protomyrmica
Boltonidris Isopheidole Pseudoatta
Bondroitia Janetia Pseudopodomyrma
Borgmeierita Kalathomyrmex Pyramica
Brachytarsites Kartidris Quadristruma
Brownidris Kempfidris Quadrulicapito
Bruchomyrma Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Brunella Labauchena Recurvidris
Calyptomyrmex Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiocondyla Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Cardiopheidole Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebara Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarella Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Carebarelloides Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Cataulacus Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Caulomyrma Leonomyrma Royidris
Cephalomorium Leptomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptothorax Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Lilidris Secostruma
Cephaloxys Limnomyrmex Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Liomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Lobomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lonchomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Loncyda Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Lophomyrmex Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lordomyrma Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lundella Solenops
Cladarogenys Machomyrma Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Macromischa Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischoides Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macropheidole Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Malagidris Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmisaraka Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmoxenus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Myrmus Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Nematocrema Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neoblepharidatta Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neomyrma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Neostruma Vitsika
Dorothea Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dyclona Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyomorium Nothidris Vombisidris
Dysedrognathus Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Elasmopheidole Notomyrmex Weberidris
Electromyrmex Novomessor Weberistruma
Electropheidole Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Emeryia Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Eneria Octella Wheeleriella
Enneamerus Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Eocenidris Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenomyrma Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eomyrmex Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Epelysidris Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Ephebomyrmex Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Epiatta Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epimyrma Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epipheidole Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epitritus Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epixenus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epoecus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Epopostruma Oxygyne
Species
abeli galeatus pamiricus
acervorum gallae pan
aculeatinodis gapsensis paolii
acutinodis gazella paraxenus
adustus gentilis pardoi
aeolius genualia parkeri
affinis gibbifer pastoris
affinonigriceps gilvus pelagosanus
affinotuberum glaber peninsularis
alaicus glacialis pergandei
alayoi glaesarius personatus
algiricus globulinodis petiolatus
alinae goesswaldi peyerimhoffi
alpinus goniops picea
ambiguus gracilicornis pici
amilcaris gracilis pictus
anacanthus graecus pilifer
andersoni gredleri pinetorum
andrei gredosi pithyusae
anduzei grisoni pittieri
anemicus grouvellei placivus
angulatus guanahacabibes platycephalus
angustinode guancha pleuriticus
angustinodus gurnetensis pocahontas
anira hadrumetensis praecreolus
annectens haira pratostepposus
annexus hasardaghi productus
annibalis heathii provancheri
anodonta hengshanensis pseudoxanthus
anodontoides herculea pulcher
anoplogynus hesperius punctaticeps
antera hirticornis punctatissimus
antigoni hirtipilis punctithorax
antoniae hispaniolae pungentinodis
antoniensis hispidus pupseli
arcanus huehuetenangoi pyrenaeus
archangelskiji humerosus rabaudi
arenarius hyperisabellae racovitzai
argentinus hystriculus renateae
argentipes ibericus reticulatus
arimensis ilgii retifer
armouri imias retractus
arpini impurus retusispinosus
asper indra risii
athabasca inermis rosae
atlantis inermis rothneyi
atomus ionia rougeti
atomus iowensis rudis
augusti iranicus rufa
auresianus irregularis rufescens
australis italicus ruficornis
aveli itinerans rugatulus
baborensis ixili rugithorax
babuganicus jailensis rugosus
baeticus janushevi rugulosus
balcanica jesus rupestris
balchashensis josephi rusticus
balli juglandeti rutilans
banao junipereti sachalinensis
barbarus kabyla saharensis
barryi kamtshaticus salambo
basara kaszabi salina
berlandi kefensis santra
bestelmeyeri kemali santschii
betulae kincaidi sardoa
bicolor kinomurai satunini
bikara kirghizicus saudiae
bilongrudi kirillovi saxonicus
blascoi kiudiria scabriosus
boccaris knipovitshi scamni
boiteli korbi schaumii
bordagei koreanus schmidti
borgmeieri kraussei schmittii
bradleyi kruegeri schurri
brasiliensis kubira schwebeli
brauneri kurilensis sculptiventris
brauneri kutteri semenovi
brauniella laciniatus semiruber
brevispinosus lacteipennis senectutis
brevispinus laestrygon septentrionalis
brimodus laeviceps sergensis
bristoli lagrecai sericeiventris
brunea latinodis serviculus
brunnescens laurae sevanensis
bucheti leoni shelkovnikovi
bugnioni lereddei sibiricus
bulgaricus leucacanthus sikorai
buschingeri leviceps silvanus
cabrerae lichtensteini silvestrii
caesari liebi simesno
cagnianti lindae similis
calderoni lindbergi simlensis
canadensis littoralis singularis
canescens liviae slavonicus
caparica longaevus smithi
carinatus longipilosus smyrnensis
carinthiacus longispinosus solerii
caritatis luteus sordidulus
catalaucoides lybica sordidus
caucasicus madecassus specularis
cenatus major sphagnicola
cervantesi makora spininodis
chandleri manni spinosior
chobauti mariposa spinosus
ciscaucasicus marocana spinosus
clivulus martellii splendidiceps
cockerelli maryanae staegeri
cokendolpheri massiliensis steinbergi
coleenae mauritanicus stenotyle
colettae maurus stipaceus
colorata maximus stitzi
concolor mediorufus stollii
congruus megalops striatulus
convexotrabutii melanderi subcingulata
convexus melanica suberis
convivialis melanocephala submuticus
cordieri melanocephalus subnudus
cordincola melanoticus sufurea
cornibrevis melas superus
costatus melinus susamyri
crassipilis melleus suturalis
crassispina melnikovi svartshevskii
crassispina mexicanus taivanensis
creolus mimeuri talassicus
crepuscularis minozzii tamarae
creticus minutissimus tauricus
cristinae mirabilis taylori
csikii mirassolis tebessae
curtulus miserabilis tellensis
curvispinosus mixtus tennesseensis
curvispinosus mongolicus tenuisculptus
curvithorax monjauzei tenuispinus
cuyagueteje monticola tenuispinus
cypridis mordax tergestina
dakotensis muellerianus terrigena
dalmasi mulleri tesquorum
darii muscorum testaceus
davisi nadigi texanus
delaparti naeviventris theryi
denticulatus narinicus tianschanicus
desioi nassanowi timida
dessyi neminan timidus
dichroa neomexicanus tirolensis
discoloratus nevadensis tomianus
distincta nevodovskii tonsuratus
ditifet niger totonicapani
diversipilosus nigrescens tozae
dolani nigricans trabutii
dominicanus nigricephala transitoria
duloticus nigriceps tricarinatus
eburneipes nigricipoides tricolor
echinatinodis nigrita tristani
elderensis nigroscutellata tristis
eldoradensis nikitae tuberoaffinis
elongatus nipensis tuberoaffinis
emersoni nitens tuberointerruptus
emeryi nitidiceps tuberointerruptus
emmae nitidulus tuberonigriceps
ergatogyna nivalis tunetica
ernesti nivarianus turcicus
esmirensis nordmeyeri turritellus
euxanthus normandi tuscaloosae
evelynae nudus tyndalei
exilis numidicus ucrainicus
faberi nylanderocorticalis umbratilis
facetus nylanderonigriceps unifasciatointerruptus
fagi nylanderotebessae unifasciatonigriceps
festai nylanderotuberum unifasciatonigricipoides
finzii nylanderounifasciatus universitatis
firssovi obenbergeri usunkul
flavescens obliquicanthus uvicensis
flavicornis obscurior vandeli
flavispinus obscurus veneris
flavus obturator vicinus
floridanus ocarinae volgensis
foreli occidentalis volubilis
formidolosus oceanicus werneri
formosus ocellatus wheeleri
fortinodis opaciabdomin whitfordi
foveata oraniensis wilda
fragosus orientalis williami
fuentei oxianus wilsoni
fultonii oxynodis wollastoni
fumosus pacis wroughtonii
furunculus pallens wui
fusciventris pallidipes yankee
gaetulus pallidus zhengi
galatica palustris

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key