TetramoriumMayr, 1855valid

521 valid species (87 synonyms, 10 homonyms, 6 unavailable), 22 valid subspecies (124 synonyms, 2 homonyms, 39 unavailable)

Tetramorium Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 423 . Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879Girard, M. 1879. Traité élémentaire d'entomologie. Volume 2. Paris: Librairie J.-B. Baillière et Fils, 1028 pp. [1879]External_link: 1016. AntWeb AntWiki
Tetramorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877bEmery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 9:67-83. [1877-03] PDFExternal_link: 81. Tetramorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDFExternal_link: 423 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDFExternal_link: 61 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 20 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 457 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 130. Tetramorium in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 125; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 52; Kusnezov, 1964Kusnezov, N. 1964 ("1963"). Zoogeografía de las hormigas en Sudamérica. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 19:25-186. [1964-06-10] PDFExternal_link: 57 (anachronism). Tetramorium in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini: Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 770; Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 383; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 141; Emery, 1914eEmery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rendiconti delle Sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di Scienze Fisiche (n.s.)18:29-42. [1914]External_link: 42; Arnold, 1917Arnold, G. 1917. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part III. Myrmicinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:271-402. [1917-08-09] PDFExternal_link: 271; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 245; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 664; Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 275; all subsequent authors.
Genus Tetramorium references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 26, 27 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 456 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 20 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870bMayr, G. 1870b. Neue Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20:939-996. [1870] PDFExternal_link: 972 (all species key); André, 1883aAndré, Ern. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-01]External_link: 285 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 261 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1893gEmery, C. 1893g. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 1:187-229. [1893-09-28] PDFExternal_link: 214 (Triglyphothrix species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 130, 135 (Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Forel, 1903aForel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:679-715. [1903-02-10] PDFExternal_link: 700, 703 (India & Sri Lanka Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix species keys); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDFExternal_link: 172, 175 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Triglyphothrix, Tetramorium species keys); Ruzsky, 1905bRuzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. [In Russian.]. Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 38(4-6):1-800. [1905]External_link: 517 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909fEmery, C. 1909f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil IX. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1909:695-712. [1909-11-01]External_link: 695 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDFExternal_link: 195 (Italy species key); Arnold, 1917Arnold, G. 1917. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part III. Myrmicinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:271-402. [1917-08-09] PDFExternal_link: 271, 275, 334, 345 (diagnosis, South Africa Tetramorium (Tetramorium), Tetramorium (Triglyphothrix), Tetramorium (Xiphomyrmex) species keys); Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDFExternal_link: 106 (France & Belgium species key); Mann, 1919Mann, W. M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:273-391. [1919-12] PDFExternal_link: 353 (Papuasia Triglyphothrix species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 187, 190, 193, 196 (Macromischoides, Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 886, 889, 893, 906, 909 (Afrotropical Atopula, Macromischoides, Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 1030, 1031, 1032 (Malagasy Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 242 (Atopula diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 272 (Triglyphothrix diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 275 (Tetramorium diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24]External_link: 286 (Xiphomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Santschi, 1924bSantschi, F. 1924b. Descriptions de nouveaux Formicides africains et notes diverses. II. Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels) 12:195-224. [1924-06-01] PDFExternal_link: 210 (Macromischoides species key); Arnold, 1926Arnold, G. 1926. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Appendix. Annals of the South African Museum 23:191-295. [1926-02] PDFExternal_link: 241 (South Africa Tetramorium (Tetramorium) species key); Menozzi, 1933bMenozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 12:49-113. [1933-06-15] PDFExternal_link: 74 (Israel species key); Finzi, 1936Finzi, B. 1936. Risultati scientifici della spedizione di S. A. S. il Principe Alessandro della Torre e Tasso nell'Egitto e peninsola del Sinai. XI. Formiche. Bulletin. Société Entomologique d'Egypte 20:155-210. [1936-12-28] PDFExternal_link: 183 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1938aSmith, M. R. 1938a. A study of the North American ants of the genus Xiphomyrmex Forel. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 28:126-130. [1938-03-15] PDFExternal_link: 127 (North America Xiphomyrmex species key); Kratochvíl, 1941bKratochvíl, J. 1941b. [Untitled. New subgenera of Tetramorium, and a new subspecies, Tetramorium ferox silhavyi, attributed to Kratochvíl.]. P. 84 in: Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. [1941]External_link: 84 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomologické Listy 4:65-115. PDFExternal_link: 84 (Central Europe species key); Smith, 1943bSmith, M. R. 1943b. Ants of the genus Tetramorium in the United States with the description of a new species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 45:1-5. [1943-01-30] PDFExternal_link: 2 (North America species key); Kratochvíl, Novák & Snoflák, 1944Kratochvíl, J.; Novák, V.; Snoflák, J. 1944. Mohelno. Soubor práci venoványch studiu vyznamne památky prírodní. 5. Hymenoptera - Aculeata. Formicidae - Apidae - Vespidae. Archiv Svazu na Ochranu Prírody a Domoviny na Moravé 6:1-155. PDFExternal_link: 76, 95 (Central Europe species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDFExternal_link: 290, 293 (North America Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDFExternal_link: 174, 178, 179 (Asia Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix, Xiphomyrmex checklists); Brown, 1958hBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica 1:1-50. [1958-07-30] PDFExternal_link}: 27 (New Zealand species); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDFExternal_link: 227 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 249, 255 (Neotropical Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974]External_link: 18 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. [In Russian.]. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. [1976-06-04>] PDFExternal_link: 105 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Bolton, 1976Bolton, B. 1976. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 34:281-379. [1976-10-28] PDFExternal_link: 310, 314, 341 (Triglyphothrix diagnosis, Afrotropical, Oriental & Malesian species revisions, keys); Bolton, 1976Bolton, B. 1976. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 34:281-379. [1976-10-28] PDFExternal_link: 359 (Tetramorium diagnosis, review of genus, synonymy); Bolton, 1977Bolton, B. 1977. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Oriental and Indo-Australian regions, and in Australia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 36:67-151. [1977-09-29] PDFExternal_link: 72, 133 (Oriental & Malesian, Australia species revisions, keys); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977]External_link: 150 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>]External_link: 544 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDFExternal_link: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8:1-174. [1979] PDFExternal_link: 82 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979]External_link: 1399, 1400 (North America Triglyphothrix, Tetramorium catalogues); Bolton, 1979Bolton, B. 1979. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 38:129-181. [1979-03-29] PDFExternal_link: 132, 159 (Malagasy, New World species revisions, keys); Bolton, 1980Bolton, B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 40:193-384. [1980-07-31]External_link: 196, 205 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Collingwood, 1985Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7:230-302. [1985] PDFExternal_link: 262 (Saudi Arabia species key); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985]External_link: 311 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985]External_link: 88 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDFExternal_link: 78 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDFExternal_link: 277 (Balkans species key); Wang, Xiao & Wu, 1988Wang, M.; Xiao, G.; Wu, J. 1988. Taxonomic studies on the genus Tetramorium Mayr in China (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). [In Chinese.]. Forest Research 1:264-274.External_link: 264 (China species key); Radchenko & Arakelian, 1990Radchenko, A. G.; Arakelian, G. R. 1990. Ants of the group Tetramorium ferox Ruzsky (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Crimea and the Caucasus. [In Russian.]. Biologicheskii Zhurnal Armenii 43:371-378. [1990-08-28>] PDFExternal_link: 371 (Crimea & Caucasus Tetramorium ferox complex, key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDFExternal_link: 197 (Turkmenistan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 149 (Bulgaria species key); Radchenko, 1992aRadchenko, A. G. 1992a. Ants of the genus Tetramorium (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the USSR fauna. Report 1. [In Russian.]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 71(8):39-49. [1992-08] PDFExternal_link: 44 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 33 (Japan species key); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDFExternal_link: 60 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994bRadchenko, A. G. 1994b. Identification table for the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of southern Siberia. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-118 in: Kotenko, A. G. (ed.) 1994. Hymenopterous insects of Siberia and the Far East. [In Russian.]. Trudy Zapovednika "Daurskii" 3:1-147. [1994-06-10>]External_link: 109 (South Siberia species key); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 403 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06]External_link: 79 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDFExternal_link: 332 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31]External_link: 158 (Central Europe species key); Cagniant, 1997Cagniant, H. 1997. Le genre Tetramorium au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)33:89-100. [1997-03-28]External_link: 89 (Morocco species key); Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowsa, 1998: 107 (Poland species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07]External_link: 17 (Portugal species key); Sanetra, Güsten & Schulz, 1999Sanetra, M.; Güsten, R.; Schulz, A. 1999. On the taxonomy and distribution of Italian Tetramorium species and their social parasites (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 77:317-357. [1999-03-31] PDFExternal_link: 317 (Italy, species); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01]External_link: 168 (Australia synopsis); Chang & He, 2001BChang, Y.-D.; He, D.-H. 2001B. A taxonomic study of the ant genus Tetramorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in northwest China. [In Chinese.]. Journal of Ningxia Agricultural College 22(1):1-7. [2001] PDFExternal_link: 1 (northwest China species key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 100 (China, Guangxi species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDFExternal_link: 145 (Poland species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDFExternal_link: 214 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04]External_link: 145 (North and Central Europe species key); Csősz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007Csősz, S.; Radchenko, A.; Schulz, A. 2007. Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1405:1-38. [2007-02-08] PDFExternal_link: 8 (Tetramorium chefketi complex key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDFExternal_link: 162 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDFExternal_link: 177 (south-western Australia species key); Csősz & Schulz, 2010Csősz, S.; Schulz, A. 2010. A taxonomic review of the Palaearctic Tetramorium ferox species-complex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa 2401:1-29. [2010-03-17] PDFExternal_link: 12 (Tetramorium ferox complex key); Hita Garcia, Fischer & Peters, 2010Hita Garcia, F.; Fischer, G.; Peters, M. K. 2010. Taxonomy of the Tetramorium weitzeckeri species group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Afrotropical zoogeographical region. Zootaxa 2704:1-90. [2010-12-03] PDFExternal_link: 12 (Afrotropical Tetramorium weitzeckeri species group key); Vásquez-Bolaños, Castaño-Meneses & Guzmán-Mendoza, 2011Vásquez-Bolaños, M.; Castaño-Meneses, G.; Guzmán-Mendoza, R. 2011. New species of Tetramorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Puebla state, Mexico. Dugesiana 40:452-455. [2011-08] PDFExternal_link: 454 (Neotropical Tetramorium tortuosum group key); Sharaf, Aldawood & Taylor, 2012Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A.; Taylor, B. 2012. A new ant species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Saudi Arabia, with a revised key to the Arabian species. PLoS ONE 7(2): (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030811):e30811. [2012-02-28] PDFExternal_link: 7 (Arabia species key); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012a: 10, 31, 57, 91, 113 (Malagasy Tetramorium bessonii, Tetramorium bonibony, Tetramorium dysalum, Tetramorium marginatum, Tetramorium tsingy group keys); Bharti & Kumar, 2012Bharti, H.; Kumar, R. 2012. Taxonomic studies on genus Tetramorium Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with report of two new species and three new records including a tramp species from India with a revised key. ZooKeys 207:11-35. [2012-07-11] PDFExternal_link: 29 (India species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 369 (Poland species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDFExternal_link: 137 (Fiji species key); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012b: 8, 14 (Malagasy Tetramorium kelleri, Tetramorium tortuosum species groups keys); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2013Hita Garcia, F.; Fisher, B. L. 2013. The Tetramorium tortuosum species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) revisited - taxonomic revision of the Afrotropical T. capillosum species complex. ZooKeys 299:77-99. [2013-05-14] PDFExternal_link (Afrotropical Tetramorium tortuosum species group revision, species key); Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, Al Dhafer & Aldawood, 2013Sharaf, M. R.; Abdel-Dayem, M. S.; Al Dhafer, H. M.; Aldawood, S. A. 2013. The ants (Hymenoptera:formicidae) of Rawdhat Khorim Nature Preserve, Saudi Arabia, with description of a new species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr. Zootaxa 3709:565-580. [2013-09-10] PDFExternal_link: 577 (Sharaf, Aldawood & Taylor, 2012Sharaf, M. R.; Aldawood, S. A.; Taylor, B. 2012. A new ant species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Saudi Arabia, with a revised key to the Arabian species. PLoS ONE 7(2): (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030811):e30811. [2012-02-28] PDFExternal_link's Saudi Arabia species key update) .
Genera
Acalama Epoecus Oxygyne
Acanthidris Epopostruma Oxyidris
Acanthognathus Equestrimessor Oxyopomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex Erebomyrma Paedalgus
Acidomyrmex Eriopheidole Palaeatta
Acrocoelia Eucryptocerus Paracrema
Acromyrmex Euophthalma Paracryptocerus
Acrostigma Eurhopalothrix Parameranoplus
Adelomyrmex Eutetramorium Paramycetophylax
Adlerzia Exocryptocerus Paramyrmica
Aeromyrma Fallomyrma Paranamyrma
Afromyrma Forelifidis Paraphacota
Afroxyidris Forelomyrmex Paraphaenogaster
Alistruma Formicoxenus Parapheidole
Allomerus Formosimyrma Paratopula
Allopheidole Fushunomyrmex Parholcomyrmex
Amauromyrmex Gallardomyrma Parvimyrma
Ancyridris Gauromyrmex Pentastruma
Aneleus Geognomicus Perissomyrmex
Anergates Glamyromyrmex Peronomyrmex
Anergatides Glyptomyrmex Phacota
Anillomyrma Goaligongidris Phalacromyrmex
Anisopheidole Goniomma Pharaophanes
Ankylomyrma Goniothorax Pheidolacanthinus
Antichthonidris Granisolenopsis Pheidole
Antillaemyrmex Gymnomyrmex Pheidologeton
Aphaenogaster Hagioxenus Phidola
Apomyrmex Harnedia Phidole
Apsychomyrmex Harpagoxenus Phidologeton
Apterostigma Hendecapheidole Physatta
Aratromyrmex Hendecatella Physocrema
Archaeomyrmex Heptacondylus Pilotrochus
Archeatta Heptastruma Planimyrma
Arctomyrmex Hercynia Platystruma
Arnoldidris Heteromyrmex Plesiomyrmex
Asemorhoptrum Heteromyrmex Podomyrma
Asketogenys Hexadaceton Poecilomyrma
Aspididris Holcomyrmex Pogonomyrmex
Atopogyne Huberia Polyhomoa
Atopomyrmex Hylidris Pristomyrmex
Atopula Hylomyrma Proatta
Atta Hypocryptocerus Procryptocerus
Attaichnus Hypopomyrmex Prodicroaspis
Attomyrma Icothorax Promeranoplus
Attopsis Idrisella Promyrma
Austromorium Ilemomyrmex Propodilobus
Baracidris Indomyrma Propodomyrma
Bariamyrma Ireneella Proscopomyrmex
Basiceros Ireneidris Prosopidris
Bilobomyrma Ireneopone Protalaridris
Bisolenopsis Irogera Protholcomyrmex
Blepharidatta Ischnomyrmex Protomognathus
Boltonidris Ishakidris Protomyrmica
Bondroitia Isolcomyrmex Pseudoatta
Borgmeierita Isopheidole Pseudopodomyrma
Brachytarsites Janetia Pyramica
Brownidris Kalathomyrmex Quadristruma
Bruchomyrma Kartidris Quadrulicapito
Brunella Kyidris Quineangulicapito
Calyptomyrmex Labauchena Recurvidris
Cardiocondyla Labidogenys Rhopalomastix
Cardiopheidole Lachnomyrmex Rhopalothrix
Carebara Lampromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex
Carebarella Laparomyrmex Rogeria
Carebarelloides Lasiomyrma Romblonella
Cataulacus Lecanomyrma Rostromyrmex
Caulomyrma Lenomyrmex Rotastruma
Cephalomorium Leonomyrma Schizopelta
Cephalomyrmex Leptomyrma Scrobopheidole
Cephalotes Leptothorax Secostruma
Cephaloxys Lilidris Sericomyrmex
Cepobroticus Limnomyrmex Serrastruma
Ceratobasis Liomyrmex Sifolinia
Ceratopheidole Lobomyrmex Sinaphaenogaster
Chalepoxenus Lonchomyrmex Sinomyrmex
Chelaner Loncyda Smithistruma
Chelystruma Lophomyrmex Solenomyrma
Chimaeridris Lordomyrma Solenops
Cladarogenys Lundella Solenopsis
Clarkistruma Machomyrma Solenopsites
Clavipetiola Macromischa Sommimyrma
Codiomyrmex Macromischoides Spelaeomyrmex
Codioxenus Macropheidole Sphaerocrema
Colobocrema Manica Sphaerogasterites
Colobostruma Martia Sporocleptes
Conothoracoides Mayriella Stegomyrmex
Conothorax Megalomyrmex Stegopheidole
Corynomyrmex Meia Stenamma
Crateropsis Melissotarsus Stenothorax
Cratomyrmex Meranoplus Stereomyrmex
Creightonidris Mesomyrma Stigmomyrmex
Crematogaster Mesostruma Stiphromyrmex
Croesomyrmex Messor Strongylognathus
Cryptocerus Metapone Strumigenys
Cryptomyrmex Miccostruma Syllophopsis
Cyathocephalus Microdaceton Symbiomyrma
Cyathomyrmex Miosolenopsis Symmyrmica
Cyatta Mitara Sympheidole
Cyphoidris Monomorium Synsolenopsis
Cyphomannia Mycetagroicus Talaridris
Cyphomyrmex Mycetarotes Teleutomyrmex
Dacatria Mycetophylax Temnothorax
Dacetinops Mycetosoritis Terataner
Daceton Mychothorax Tetheamyrma
Dacetum Mycocepurus Tetramorium
Dacryon Myrafant Tetramyrma
Decacrema Myrmammophilus Tetrogmus
Decamorium Myrmecina Theryella
Decapheidole Myrmecinella Tingimyrmex
Deromyrma Myrmecites Tomognathus
Descolemyrma Myrmetaerus Trachymyrmex
Diagyne Myrmica Trachypheidole
Diaphoromyrma Myrmicaria Tranetera
Dichothorax Myrmicites Tranopelta
Dicroaspis Myrmicocrypta Trichomyrmex
Dilobocondyla Myrmoxenus Trichoscapa
Diplomorium Myrmus Tricytarus
Diplorhoptrum Nematocrema Triglyphothrix
Dodecamyrmica Neoatta Trigonogaster
Dodous Neoblepharidatta Tropidomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex Neomyrma Tyrannomyrmex
Dorisidris Neostruma Veromessor
Doronomyrmex Nesomyrmex Vollenhovenia
Dorothea Nimbamyrma Vollenhovia
Dyclona Nothidris Vombisidris
Dyomorium Nothomyrmica Wasmannia
Dysedrognathus Notomyrmex Weberidris
Elasmopheidole Novomessor Weberistruma
Electromyrmex Nystalomyrma Wessonistruma
Electropheidole Ochetomyrmex Wheeleria
Emeryia Octella Wheeleriella
Eneria Octostruma Wheelerimyrmex
Enneamerus Ocymyrmex Willowsiella
Eocenidris Odontomyrmex Wumyrmex
Eocenomyrma Oecodoma Xenhyboma
Eomyrmex Oecophthora Xenoaphaenogaster
Epelysidris Oedaleocerus Xenometra
Ephebomyrmex Oligomyrmex Xenomyrmex
Epiatta Orbigastrula Xeromyrmex
Epimyrma Orectognathus Xiphocrema
Epipheidole Oreomyrma Xiphomyrmex
Epitritus Otomyrmex Zacryptocerus
Epixenus Oxyepoecus Zhangidris
Species
abdominalis geei perlongum
aciculatum gegaimi persignatum
aculeatum geminatum perspicax
acutiseta georgei petersi
adamsi gestroi petiolatum
adelphon ghindanum peutli
adpressum glabratum phasias
aegeum gladiator philippwagneri
aequa gladiator pialtum
africanum gladstonei picta
agile goniommoide pilosum
agnum gracile pinnipilum
aherni grandinode placidum
akengense granulatum plana
akermani grassii platonis
akermani gregori platynode
ala grootensis pleganon
algoa guancha plesiarum
alpestre guangxiense plumosum
alternans guillarmodi pnyxis
altinode guillodi pogonion
altivagans guineense politum
amalae haltrichi politum
amatongae hammi polymorphum
amatongae hapale popell
amaurum hasinae popovici
ambanizana hecate postpetiolatum
ambatovy hector poweri
amen hemisi praetextum
amentete hepburni proximum
amissum hertigi psymanum
amium himalayanum pulchella
anatolicum hippocratis pulchellum
andohahela hirsutum pulchellus
andrei hispanicum pulcherrimum
andricum hispidum pullulum
andrynicum hoggarense pullum
angolense hopensis punctatum
angulinode hori punctiventre
ankarana hortensis punicum
annauensis hortorum pusillum
annectens humbloti pygmaeum
anodontion humerosum pylacum
antennatum humile pyrenaeicum
anteversa hungaricum quadridentatum
antipodum ibycterum quadrispinosum
antrema ictidum quaerens
anxium imbelle qualarum
aptum immigrans quasirum
arenarium impressum ranarum
areolatus impurum rectinodis
argenteopilosum incruentatum reduncum
argentirubrum indicum regulare
armatum indocile reitteri
arnoldi indosinense rekhefe
arnoldi inerme renae
artemis inermis repentinum
aruensis inezulae repertum
arzi infraspinosum repletum
asetyum infraspinum reptana
aspersum inglebyi reticulata
aspinatum innocens reticuligerum
ataxium inscia reticuliventre
atlante insolens rhenanum
atrinodis insons rhetidum
auropunctatum insulare rhodesiana
auropunctatus insularis rhodium
australe intermedium rigidum
australis intextum rimytyum
avaratra intonsum rinatum
avium inversa robertsoni
azcatltontlium invictum robitika
bacchus isectum robustior
bahai isipingense rogatum
balzani isis romana
bantouana isoelectrum rossi
banyulense italicum rothschildi
barabense jacoti rotundatum
barbigerum japonicum rubroflava
bariensis jarbas rubrum
barryi jasonis rufescens
basum jauresi rufitarsis
baufra jeanae rugigaster
beesoni jedi ruginode
beirae jejunum rugiventris
belgaense jiangxiense rutilum
bellicosum jizane ryanphelanae
bellii joffrei sabatra
bendai jordani sada
benguelense juba saginatum
bequaerti juba sahlbergi
berbiculum judas salomo
bessonii jugatum salvatum
bevisi jugurtha salwae
bicarinatum kabulistanicum sanetrai
bicolor kahenae sargina
bicolorum kakamega sarkissiani
binodis kali saudicum
bipartita kamerunensis scabrosum
biroi kanariense scabrum
biskrense karakalense scalenum
bismarckii katypum schaufussii
blochmannii kelleri schmidti
boehmei kenyense schneideri
boltoni keralense schoutedeni
bonibony kestrum schultzei
bothae kheperra scrobiferum
boulognei khnum sculptatum
braunsi khyarum sculptum
breve kieti scytalum
brevicorne kisilkumense securis
brevidentatum kivuense semilaeve
brevinodis kollari semireticulatum
brevis kosmalianicum seneb
brevispinosa kraepelini sentosum
brevispinosum krynitum sepositum
browni kutteri sepultum
browni kydelphon sericeiventre
bruni ladismithensis sericeum
bulawayense laevidens setigerum
bulawayensis laevigatum setuliferum
burgeoni laevigatum severini
bursakovi laevinode sexdens
buthrum laevior shamshir
caespitomoravicum laevithorax shensiense
caespitum lamottei shilohense
caldarium lanuginosum shirlae
calidum laparum shivalikense
calinum latens siciliense
calvum laticephalum sigillum
camerunense latinode sigmoideum
candidum latior signatum
capense latreillei signatum
capillosum legone sikorae
capitale ligatum silhavyi
cardiocarenum liogaster silvestrianum
carinatum liparaeum silvestrii
cariniceps lobulicorne silvicola
caspium longicarinum simillimum
cataractae longicorne simoni
centum longispina simulans
ceramensis longispinosa simulator
chapmani longoi singletonae
chefketi lucayanum sitefrum
chepocha lucidulum sjostedti
chinensis lucyae smaug
chloe lugubre smithi
christiei luteipes snellingi
ciliatum luteolum solidum
cinereus mackae somniculosum
cinnamomeum macra soyauxi
clunum madecassum spininode
coeleste magitae spinosum
cognatum magnificum splendens
coillum mahafaly splendidior
colluta mai spuria
coloreum major squamiferum
commodum malabarense squaminode
concaviceps malagasy staerckei
confinis mallenseana steinheili
confucii manni striabdomen
confusum manni striaticeps
constanciae manobo striatidens
continentis marginatum striatis
convexum marleyi striativentre
coonoorense marocana striatum
cordatum marocanum striatum
costatus marojejy strictum
crepum marthae striolatum
cristatum mashona subcoecum
cristulatum mashonana subscabrum
crypticum matopoense sudanense
cucalense mauricei sulcinode
cuneinode maurum surrogatum
curtulum mayri susannae
curvispinosum mayri syriacum
cyclolobium medje szaboi
cynicum megalops tabarum
cyprium meghalayense tablensis
cyrenaicum melanogyna talpa
daphnis melanogyne tanaense
davidi melleum tanakai
debile menkaura tantillum
debilis meressei taueret
decamerum meridionale taurocaucasicum
decem meshena taylori
deceptum metactum tenebrosum
dedefra mexicanum tenuicornis
deficiens microgyna tenuicrine
defricta microps termitobium
degener militaris tersum
delagoense minimum tessmanni
densopilosum minusculum thalidum
denticulatum minutum thoth
depressiceps miserabile tingitanum
depressum mixtum titus
desertorum mkomazi tonganum
dichroum modesta tortuosum
difficile modesta tosii
diligens monardi traegaordhi
diligentissima montanum trafo
diomandei moravicum transbaicalense
diomedeum mossamedense transformans
distinctum mucidus transversa
do munda transversarium
dogieli muralti transversinodis
dolichosum mus triangulatum
dominum mus tricarinatum
doriae muscicola tricolor
drakensbergensis muscorum tricolor
dumezi musculus trilineata
dumezi mutatum trimeni
dunhuangense myersi triptolemus
dysalum myops trirugosum
dysderke nacta tristis
ebangense naganum tsingy
ebeninum nassonowii tsushimae
edithae nautarum tuckeri
edouardi navum turcomanicum
eidmanni nazgul turneri
eleates nefassitense tychadion
electrum neuvillei tylinum
elegans nify typhlops
elf nigellus typicum
elidisum nigriventre tyrion
elisabethae nigrum ubangense
elysii nion uelense
emeryi nipponense uelensis
eminii nitidissimum ultor
erectum nitidiusculum umtaliense
ericae nitidum undatium
ernesti nodiferum unicum
escherichi noeli urbanii
ethica noratum validiusculum
etiolatum norvigi valky
eudoxia nosybe vandalum
evidens notiale vascoi
exasperatum notomelanum venustus
exile nube vernicosum
exoleta nullispinum versiculum
felix nursei vertigum
femoratum obesum vexator
fergusoni obscurius victoriensis
fernandensis obtusidens viehmeyeri
ferox occidentale viridis
feroxoides ochrothorax viticola
fezzanense ocothrum vividum
flabellum oculatum voasary
flagellatum olana vohitra
flavescens opacior vombis
flavescens orc vony
flaviceps orientale wadje
flavidulum orissana waelbroeki
flavipes ornatum wagneri
flavithorax osiris walshi
flavum otaviensis wardi
flavus oxyomma warreni
foreli pacifica wasmanni
formosae pacificum weitzeckeri
forte palaense wheeleri
fortunatarum pallens willowsi
fossulatum pallidiventre wilsoni
frenchi pallidum xanthogaster
frigidum palmense xuthum
fulviceps papuanum yammer
furtivum papyri yanoi
fusca parallela yarthiellum
fusciclavum parasiticum yemene
fuscipes parvioculum yerburyi
fusciventris parvispinum youngi
fuscula parvum yulongense
gabonense pauper zahrae
gaetulum pauper zambezium
galaticum pelagium zapyrum
galoasanum pembensis zenatum
gamaii penninum zonacaciae
gambogecum peringueyi zumpti
gazense peritulum zypidum

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key