EcitonLatreille, 1804valid

12 valid species (15 synonyms, 2 unavailable), 17 valid subspecies (8 synonyms)

Eciton Latreille, 1804Latreille, P. A. 1804. Tableau méthodique des insectes. Pp. 129-200 in: Société de Naturalistes et d'Agriculteurs 1804. Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle. Tome 24. Paris: Déterville, 84 + 85 + 238 + 18 + 34 pp. [1804-03-07]External_link: 179. Type-species: Formica hamata, by subsequent designation of Shuckard, in Swainson & Shuckard, 1840Swainson, W.; Shuckard, W. E. 1840. On the history and natural arrangement of insects. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longman's, 406 pp. [1840-12]External_link: 173. AntWeb AntWiki
Eciton in Myrmicites: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, A. 1835 ("1836"). Histoire naturelle des insectes. Hyménoptères. Tome I. Paris: Roret, 547 pp. [1835-12-26] PDFExternal_link: 172. Eciton in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 148. Eciton in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 17 [Myrmicidae]; Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDFExternal_link: 259 [Myrmicidae]. Eciton in Dorylinae: Forel, 1878cForel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 15:337-392. [1878-10] PDFExternal_link: 365 (footnote) [Dorylidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 1; Forel, 1895bForel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Boletim do Museu Paraense de Historia Natural e Ethnographia 1:89-139. [1895-04] PDFExternal_link: 118; Forel, 1899bForel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. Dummy reference. Biologia Centrali-Americana Hym 3:169.External_link: 22. Eciton in Dorylinae, Ecitonini: Forel, 1893bForel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 37:161-167. [1893-04-01>] PDFExternal_link: 163; Emery, 1895lEmery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:685-778. [1895-10-18] PDFExternal_link: 765 [Ecitonii]; Emery, 1910bEmery, C. 1910b. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102:1-34. [1910-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 17 [Ecitini]; Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03]External_link: 138; Forel, 1917Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 51:229-253. [1917-03-08] PDFExternal_link: 240; Gallardo, 1920Gallardo, A. 1920. Las hormigas de la República Argentina. Subfamilia Dorilinas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 30:281-410. [1920-02-28] PDFExternal_link: 312; Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139.External_link: 635; Borgmeier, 1923Borgmeier, T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24:33-103. [1923]External_link: 37; Donisthorpe, 1943gDonisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)10:617-688. [1943-09]External_link: 641; Borgmeier, 1955Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3:1-720. [1955] PDFExternal_link: 79; Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 101; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>]External_link: 79. Eciton in Ecitoninae: Brown, 1973bBrown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J.; Ayensu, E. S.; Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) 1973. Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, viii + 350 pp. [1973-01] PDFExternal_link}: 166; Snelling, 1981Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) 1981. Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. [1981] [1981]External_link: 392. Eciton in Ecitoninae, Ecitonini: Ashmead, 1905cAshmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist 37:381-384. [1905-11-01] PDFExternal_link: 381; Ashmead, 1906Ashmead, W. H. 1906. Classification of the foraging and driver ants, or Family Dorylidae, with a description of the genus Ctenopyga Ashm. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 8:21-31. [1906-07-13] PDFExternal_link: 24; Bolton, 1990cBolton, B. 1990c. Army ants reassessed: the phylogeny and classification of the doryline section (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24:1339-1364. [1990-10-19] PDFExternal_link: 1357; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp.External_link: 12; Jaffe, 1993Jaffe, K. 1993. El mundo de las hormigas. Baruta, Venezuela: Equinoccio (Ediciones de la Universidad Simón Bolívar), 188 pp. [1993-07]External_link: 13; Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25]External_link: 39; all subsequent authors.
Genus Eciton references
Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDFExternal_link: 148 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06]External_link: 36 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDFExternal_link: 408 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14]External_link: 17, 77 (diagnosis, all species key); Mayr, 1886aMayr, G. 1886a. Ueber Eciton-Labidus. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 5:33-36. [1886-02-20] PDFExternal_link: 115 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDFExternal_link}: 1 (catalogue); Emery, 1900eEmery, C. 1900e. Nuovi studi sul genere Eciton. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (5)8:173-188 [pagination of separate: 511-526]. [1900]External_link: 176 (all species, males key); Emery, 1910bEmery, C. 1910b. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102:1-34. [1910-06-25] PDFExternal_link: 17 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Gallardo, 1920Gallardo, A. 1920. Las hormigas de la República Argentina. Subfamilia Dorilinas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 30:281-410. [1920-02-28] PDFExternal_link: 312 (Argentina species key); Borgmeier, 1955Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3:1-720. [1955] PDFExternal_link: 162, 175 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDFExternal_link: 101 (Neotropical catalogue); Watkins, 1976Watkins, J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp. [1976] PDFExternal_link}: 9 (all species key); Watkins, 1982Watkins, J. F., II 1982. The army ants of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55:197-247. [1982-04-20] PDFExternal_link}: 209 (Mexico species key); Billen, 1986bBillen, J. P. J. 1986b. Comparative morphology and ultrastructure of the Dufour gland in ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologia Generalis 11:165-181. [1986-05-30]External_link: 170 (Dufour's gland); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDFExternal_link: 341 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDFExternal_link: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10]External_link: 184 (catalogue); Palacio, 1999Palacio, E. 1999. Hormigas legionarias (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae) de Colombia. Pp. 117-189 in: Amat-G., G.; Andrade-C., M. G.; Fernández, F. (eds.) 1999. Insectos de Colombia. Volumen II. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 433 pp. [1999-11]External_link: 151 (Colombia species key).
Species
abstinens fuscipennis opacifrons
adnepos garbei opacithorax
alfaroi goeldii orientalis
allognathum goianum orthonotum
amazona gracellae oslari
andrei grandipseudops pachycerus
angustatum grassator panamense
angustinode guianense paraense
angustius guyanensis parvispinum
antillanum hamatum pauxillum
apicifer hansi payarum
argentinum haskinsi peninsulare
arizonense hetschkoi physognatha
auropubens hirsutipodex pilosa
aztecum hirsutum pittieri
balzani hospes planidorsum
beebei hostilis porrectognathum
bellicosum humile postangustatum
biloba ierense praedator
bohlsi iheringi pseudops
bruchi imbellis punctaticeps
brunnea impudens quadriglume
burchellii inca quitensis
californicum indomabile radoszkowskii
carettei infumatum rapax
carolinense integrum raptans
castaneum interrupta raptor
clavicornis intrepidum rebellatum
cloosae jansoni reichenspergeri
cocula jeanae richteri
colombi jerrmanni rochai
columbicum jujuyensis rogeri
commutatum kulowi rosebergi
conquistador laevigatum rufipes
crassicornis latidens rufonigrum
crassinode latiscapum schlechtendali
crenulatum legionis schmitti
cristatum lemoulti sedulus
crudele leonardi selysi
cupiens leptognathum serpentis
curvidentata levior setigaster
curvipes lieselae shuckardi
densepunctatum lucanoides silvestrii
desartsi luederwaldti simillima
diabolus lugubris smithii
diana lugubris spatulatum
dispar macrodentatus spegazzinii
diversinode mandibulare spininode
drepanophorum manni spoliator
dubia marginatum subsulcatum
dubitatum mars sumichrasti
dulcium mattogrossensis sundaica
elongatus maxillosum taunayi
elsbethae melanocephalum tepeguas
emersoni mesognathum terrificum
emeryi mexicanum testacea
emiliae militarium testaceum
erratica minenses tristani
exagona minutum triste
falciferum modestum truncatidens
fargeavii modificata uncinatum
ferox mojave urichi
ferruginea moralum ursinum
fiebrigi mordax vagans
filicorne mutatum vastator
fimbriatum nero velutatus
foreli nigrita viator
francanum nigrum westwoodi
frontalis nitens wheeleri
fumosa nocua wilsoni
funesta obscura xipe
fur obscurum
furiosum ogloblini

†fossil valid synonym subspecies unidentifiable/excluded from Formicidae unavailable/nomen nudum homonym original combination View full key